Spin-correlation functions in sine-Gordon magnetic chains

Daniel Hone, Kok-Ming Leung

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    For the one-dimensional easy plane ferromagnet in a symmetry breaking field and for the xy antiferromagnet with various in-plane anisotropies, the transfer operator method is used to calculate the static two-spin correlation functions at low temperatures, in the classical limit. Although both systems can be described approximately by the sine-Gordon equation, the solitons (which are solutions of this equation for the excitations) can have very different effects on physical quantities in the two systems. In the antiferromagnet, the order-parameter correlation length diverges with the distance between solitons in the low soliton density limit (as T0). The corresponding susceptibility diverges as well. However, for the ferromagnet, the corresponding soliton effects go to zero exponentially as T0. The physics behind this is discussed, and successful comparison is made with recent neutron inelastic scattering experiments on the ferromagnet CsNiF3 and on the antiferromagnet (CH3)N4MnCl3.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)5308-5316
    Number of pages9
    JournalPhysical Review B
    Volume22
    Issue number11
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 1980

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    Solitons
    solitary waves
    sine-Gordon equation
    Inelastic neutron scattering
    broken symmetry
    inelastic scattering
    neutron scattering
    Anisotropy
    Physics
    magnetic permeability
    operators
    anisotropy
    physics
    excitation
    Experiments
    Temperature

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Condensed Matter Physics

    Cite this

    Spin-correlation functions in sine-Gordon magnetic chains. / Hone, Daniel; Leung, Kok-Ming.

    In: Physical Review B, Vol. 22, No. 11, 1980, p. 5308-5316.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Hone, Daniel ; Leung, Kok-Ming. / Spin-correlation functions in sine-Gordon magnetic chains. In: Physical Review B. 1980 ; Vol. 22, No. 11. pp. 5308-5316.
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