Spatially resolving the very high energy emission from MGRO J2019+37 with veritas

E. Aliu, T. Aune, B. Behera, M. Beilicke, W. Benbow, K. Berger, R. Bird, A. Bouvier, J. H. Buckley, V. Bugaev, M. Cerruti, X. Chen, L. Ciupik, M. P. Connolly, W. Cui, J. Dumm, V. V. Dwarkadas, M. Errando, A. Falcone, S. FedericiQ. Feng, J. P. Finley, H. Fleischhack, P. Fortin, L. Fortson, A. Furniss, N. Galante, G. H. Gillanders, E. V. Gotthelf, S. Griffin, S. T. Griffiths, J. Grube, G. Gyuk, D. Hanna, J. Holder, G. Hughes, T. B. Humensky, C. A. Johnson, P. Kaaret, O. Kargaltsev, M. Kertzman, Y. Khassen, D. Kieda, F. Krennrich, M. J. Lang, A. S. Madhavan, G. Maier, S. McArthur, A. McCann, J. Millis, P. Moriarty, R. Mukherjee, D. Nieto, A. O'Faoláin De Bhróithe, R. A. Ong, A. N. Otte, D. Pandel, N. Park, M. Pohl, A. Popkow, H. Prokoph, J. Quinn, K. Ragan, J. Rajotte, L. C. Reyes, P. T. Reynolds, G. T. Richards, E. Roache, Mallory Roberts, G. H. Sembroski, K. Shahinyan, A. W. Smith, D. Staszak, I. Telezhinsky, J. V. Tucci, J. Tyler, S. Vincent, S. P. Wakely, A. Weinstein, R. Welsing, A. Wilhelm, D. A. Williams, B. Zitzer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We present very high energy (VHE) imaging of MGRO J2019+37 obtained with the VERITAS observatory. The bright extended (∼2°) unidentified Milagro source is located toward the rich star formation region Cygnus-X. MGRO J2019+37 is resolved into two VERITAS sources. The faint, point-like source VER J2016+371 overlaps CTB 87, a filled-center remnant (SNR) with no evidence of a supernova remnant shell at the present time. Its spectrum is well fit in the 0.65-10 TeV energy range by a power-law model with photon index 2.3 ± 0.4. VER J2019+378 is a bright extended (∼1°) source that likely accounts for the bulk of the Milagro emission and is notably coincident with PSR J2021+3651 and the star formation region Sh 2-104. Its spectrum in the range 1-30 TeV is well fit with a power-law model of photon index 1.75 ± 0.3, among the hardest values measured in the VHE band, comparable to that observed near Vela-X. We explore the unusual spectrum and morphology in the radio and X-ray bands to constrain possible emission mechanisms for this source.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number78
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume788
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 10 2014

Fingerprint

power law
energy
star formation
photons
supernova remnants
observatory
shell
radio
point sources
energy bands
observatories
x rays
index

Keywords

  • gamma rays: stars
  • supernovae: individual (CTB 87)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Aliu, E., Aune, T., Behera, B., Beilicke, M., Benbow, W., Berger, K., ... Zitzer, B. (2014). Spatially resolving the very high energy emission from MGRO J2019+37 with veritas. Astrophysical Journal, 788(1), [78]. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/788/1/78

Spatially resolving the very high energy emission from MGRO J2019+37 with veritas. / Aliu, E.; Aune, T.; Behera, B.; Beilicke, M.; Benbow, W.; Berger, K.; Bird, R.; Bouvier, A.; Buckley, J. H.; Bugaev, V.; Cerruti, M.; Chen, X.; Ciupik, L.; Connolly, M. P.; Cui, W.; Dumm, J.; Dwarkadas, V. V.; Errando, M.; Falcone, A.; Federici, S.; Feng, Q.; Finley, J. P.; Fleischhack, H.; Fortin, P.; Fortson, L.; Furniss, A.; Galante, N.; Gillanders, G. H.; Gotthelf, E. V.; Griffin, S.; Griffiths, S. T.; Grube, J.; Gyuk, G.; Hanna, D.; Holder, J.; Hughes, G.; Humensky, T. B.; Johnson, C. A.; Kaaret, P.; Kargaltsev, O.; Kertzman, M.; Khassen, Y.; Kieda, D.; Krennrich, F.; Lang, M. J.; Madhavan, A. S.; Maier, G.; McArthur, S.; McCann, A.; Millis, J.; Moriarty, P.; Mukherjee, R.; Nieto, D.; O'Faoláin De Bhróithe, A.; Ong, R. A.; Otte, A. N.; Pandel, D.; Park, N.; Pohl, M.; Popkow, A.; Prokoph, H.; Quinn, J.; Ragan, K.; Rajotte, J.; Reyes, L. C.; Reynolds, P. T.; Richards, G. T.; Roache, E.; Roberts, Mallory; Sembroski, G. H.; Shahinyan, K.; Smith, A. W.; Staszak, D.; Telezhinsky, I.; Tucci, J. V.; Tyler, J.; Vincent, S.; Wakely, S. P.; Weinstein, A.; Welsing, R.; Wilhelm, A.; Williams, D. A.; Zitzer, B.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 788, No. 1, 78, 10.06.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Aliu, E, Aune, T, Behera, B, Beilicke, M, Benbow, W, Berger, K, Bird, R, Bouvier, A, Buckley, JH, Bugaev, V, Cerruti, M, Chen, X, Ciupik, L, Connolly, MP, Cui, W, Dumm, J, Dwarkadas, VV, Errando, M, Falcone, A, Federici, S, Feng, Q, Finley, JP, Fleischhack, H, Fortin, P, Fortson, L, Furniss, A, Galante, N, Gillanders, GH, Gotthelf, EV, Griffin, S, Griffiths, ST, Grube, J, Gyuk, G, Hanna, D, Holder, J, Hughes, G, Humensky, TB, Johnson, CA, Kaaret, P, Kargaltsev, O, Kertzman, M, Khassen, Y, Kieda, D, Krennrich, F, Lang, MJ, Madhavan, AS, Maier, G, McArthur, S, McCann, A, Millis, J, Moriarty, P, Mukherjee, R, Nieto, D, O'Faoláin De Bhróithe, A, Ong, RA, Otte, AN, Pandel, D, Park, N, Pohl, M, Popkow, A, Prokoph, H, Quinn, J, Ragan, K, Rajotte, J, Reyes, LC, Reynolds, PT, Richards, GT, Roache, E, Roberts, M, Sembroski, GH, Shahinyan, K, Smith, AW, Staszak, D, Telezhinsky, I, Tucci, JV, Tyler, J, Vincent, S, Wakely, SP, Weinstein, A, Welsing, R, Wilhelm, A, Williams, DA & Zitzer, B 2014, 'Spatially resolving the very high energy emission from MGRO J2019+37 with veritas', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 788, no. 1, 78. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/788/1/78
Aliu, E. ; Aune, T. ; Behera, B. ; Beilicke, M. ; Benbow, W. ; Berger, K. ; Bird, R. ; Bouvier, A. ; Buckley, J. H. ; Bugaev, V. ; Cerruti, M. ; Chen, X. ; Ciupik, L. ; Connolly, M. P. ; Cui, W. ; Dumm, J. ; Dwarkadas, V. V. ; Errando, M. ; Falcone, A. ; Federici, S. ; Feng, Q. ; Finley, J. P. ; Fleischhack, H. ; Fortin, P. ; Fortson, L. ; Furniss, A. ; Galante, N. ; Gillanders, G. H. ; Gotthelf, E. V. ; Griffin, S. ; Griffiths, S. T. ; Grube, J. ; Gyuk, G. ; Hanna, D. ; Holder, J. ; Hughes, G. ; Humensky, T. B. ; Johnson, C. A. ; Kaaret, P. ; Kargaltsev, O. ; Kertzman, M. ; Khassen, Y. ; Kieda, D. ; Krennrich, F. ; Lang, M. J. ; Madhavan, A. S. ; Maier, G. ; McArthur, S. ; McCann, A. ; Millis, J. ; Moriarty, P. ; Mukherjee, R. ; Nieto, D. ; O'Faoláin De Bhróithe, A. ; Ong, R. A. ; Otte, A. N. ; Pandel, D. ; Park, N. ; Pohl, M. ; Popkow, A. ; Prokoph, H. ; Quinn, J. ; Ragan, K. ; Rajotte, J. ; Reyes, L. C. ; Reynolds, P. T. ; Richards, G. T. ; Roache, E. ; Roberts, Mallory ; Sembroski, G. H. ; Shahinyan, K. ; Smith, A. W. ; Staszak, D. ; Telezhinsky, I. ; Tucci, J. V. ; Tyler, J. ; Vincent, S. ; Wakely, S. P. ; Weinstein, A. ; Welsing, R. ; Wilhelm, A. ; Williams, D. A. ; Zitzer, B. / Spatially resolving the very high energy emission from MGRO J2019+37 with veritas. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2014 ; Vol. 788, No. 1.
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abstract = "We present very high energy (VHE) imaging of MGRO J2019+37 obtained with the VERITAS observatory. The bright extended (∼2°) unidentified Milagro source is located toward the rich star formation region Cygnus-X. MGRO J2019+37 is resolved into two VERITAS sources. The faint, point-like source VER J2016+371 overlaps CTB 87, a filled-center remnant (SNR) with no evidence of a supernova remnant shell at the present time. Its spectrum is well fit in the 0.65-10 TeV energy range by a power-law model with photon index 2.3 ± 0.4. VER J2019+378 is a bright extended (∼1°) source that likely accounts for the bulk of the Milagro emission and is notably coincident with PSR J2021+3651 and the star formation region Sh 2-104. Its spectrum in the range 1-30 TeV is well fit with a power-law model of photon index 1.75 ± 0.3, among the hardest values measured in the VHE band, comparable to that observed near Vela-X. We explore the unusual spectrum and morphology in the radio and X-ray bands to constrain possible emission mechanisms for this source.",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Spatially resolving the very high energy emission from MGRO J2019+37 with veritas

AU - Aliu, E.

AU - Aune, T.

AU - Behera, B.

AU - Beilicke, M.

AU - Benbow, W.

AU - Berger, K.

AU - Bird, R.

AU - Bouvier, A.

AU - Buckley, J. H.

AU - Bugaev, V.

AU - Cerruti, M.

AU - Chen, X.

AU - Ciupik, L.

AU - Connolly, M. P.

AU - Cui, W.

AU - Dumm, J.

AU - Dwarkadas, V. V.

AU - Errando, M.

AU - Falcone, A.

AU - Federici, S.

AU - Feng, Q.

AU - Finley, J. P.

AU - Fleischhack, H.

AU - Fortin, P.

AU - Fortson, L.

AU - Furniss, A.

AU - Galante, N.

AU - Gillanders, G. H.

AU - Gotthelf, E. V.

AU - Griffin, S.

AU - Griffiths, S. T.

AU - Grube, J.

AU - Gyuk, G.

AU - Hanna, D.

AU - Holder, J.

AU - Hughes, G.

AU - Humensky, T. B.

AU - Johnson, C. A.

AU - Kaaret, P.

AU - Kargaltsev, O.

AU - Kertzman, M.

AU - Khassen, Y.

AU - Kieda, D.

AU - Krennrich, F.

AU - Lang, M. J.

AU - Madhavan, A. S.

AU - Maier, G.

AU - McArthur, S.

AU - McCann, A.

AU - Millis, J.

AU - Moriarty, P.

AU - Mukherjee, R.

AU - Nieto, D.

AU - O'Faoláin De Bhróithe, A.

AU - Ong, R. A.

AU - Otte, A. N.

AU - Pandel, D.

AU - Park, N.

AU - Pohl, M.

AU - Popkow, A.

AU - Prokoph, H.

AU - Quinn, J.

AU - Ragan, K.

AU - Rajotte, J.

AU - Reyes, L. C.

AU - Reynolds, P. T.

AU - Richards, G. T.

AU - Roache, E.

AU - Roberts, Mallory

AU - Sembroski, G. H.

AU - Shahinyan, K.

AU - Smith, A. W.

AU - Staszak, D.

AU - Telezhinsky, I.

AU - Tucci, J. V.

AU - Tyler, J.

AU - Vincent, S.

AU - Wakely, S. P.

AU - Weinstein, A.

AU - Welsing, R.

AU - Wilhelm, A.

AU - Williams, D. A.

AU - Zitzer, B.

PY - 2014/6/10

Y1 - 2014/6/10

N2 - We present very high energy (VHE) imaging of MGRO J2019+37 obtained with the VERITAS observatory. The bright extended (∼2°) unidentified Milagro source is located toward the rich star formation region Cygnus-X. MGRO J2019+37 is resolved into two VERITAS sources. The faint, point-like source VER J2016+371 overlaps CTB 87, a filled-center remnant (SNR) with no evidence of a supernova remnant shell at the present time. Its spectrum is well fit in the 0.65-10 TeV energy range by a power-law model with photon index 2.3 ± 0.4. VER J2019+378 is a bright extended (∼1°) source that likely accounts for the bulk of the Milagro emission and is notably coincident with PSR J2021+3651 and the star formation region Sh 2-104. Its spectrum in the range 1-30 TeV is well fit with a power-law model of photon index 1.75 ± 0.3, among the hardest values measured in the VHE band, comparable to that observed near Vela-X. We explore the unusual spectrum and morphology in the radio and X-ray bands to constrain possible emission mechanisms for this source.

AB - We present very high energy (VHE) imaging of MGRO J2019+37 obtained with the VERITAS observatory. The bright extended (∼2°) unidentified Milagro source is located toward the rich star formation region Cygnus-X. MGRO J2019+37 is resolved into two VERITAS sources. The faint, point-like source VER J2016+371 overlaps CTB 87, a filled-center remnant (SNR) with no evidence of a supernova remnant shell at the present time. Its spectrum is well fit in the 0.65-10 TeV energy range by a power-law model with photon index 2.3 ± 0.4. VER J2019+378 is a bright extended (∼1°) source that likely accounts for the bulk of the Milagro emission and is notably coincident with PSR J2021+3651 and the star formation region Sh 2-104. Its spectrum in the range 1-30 TeV is well fit with a power-law model of photon index 1.75 ± 0.3, among the hardest values measured in the VHE band, comparable to that observed near Vela-X. We explore the unusual spectrum and morphology in the radio and X-ray bands to constrain possible emission mechanisms for this source.

KW - gamma rays: stars

KW - supernovae: individual (CTB 87)

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