Spatial attention improves performance in spatial resolution tasks

Yaffa Yeshurun, Marisa Carrasco

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study used peripheral precueing to explore the effect of covert transient attention on performance in spatial resolution tasks. Experiments 1 (Landolt-square) and 2 ('broken-line') measured gap resolution and Experiment 3 measured vernier resolution. In all three tasks the target was presented alone in a large number of possible locations, ranging from 1.5-6°of eccentricity in the vertical or horizontal axes. The precue indicated the target location but did not convey information regarding the correct response. Performance decreased as the gap size or the vernier offset size decreased and as target eccentricity increased. Precueing improved performance in terms of RT and accuracy in all three tasks; the eccentricity effect decreased in the cued trials of the gap resolution tasks. These findings support the idea that the performance improvement at attended locations results, to some extent, from an enhanced spatial resolution at the cued location, and not just from distractor exclusion, diminished uncertainty, or decisional factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)293-306
Number of pages14
JournalVision Research
Volume39
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1999

Fingerprint

Uncertainty

Keywords

  • Covert attention
  • Gap resolution
  • Landolt-square
  • Precue
  • Spatial attention
  • Spatial resolution
  • Vernier

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems

Cite this

Spatial attention improves performance in spatial resolution tasks. / Yeshurun, Yaffa; Carrasco, Marisa.

In: Vision Research, Vol. 39, No. 2, 1999, p. 293-306.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yeshurun, Yaffa ; Carrasco, Marisa. / Spatial attention improves performance in spatial resolution tasks. In: Vision Research. 1999 ; Vol. 39, No. 2. pp. 293-306.
@article{606f3c268058415182ab15fe89319bc2,
title = "Spatial attention improves performance in spatial resolution tasks",
abstract = "This study used peripheral precueing to explore the effect of covert transient attention on performance in spatial resolution tasks. Experiments 1 (Landolt-square) and 2 ('broken-line') measured gap resolution and Experiment 3 measured vernier resolution. In all three tasks the target was presented alone in a large number of possible locations, ranging from 1.5-6°of eccentricity in the vertical or horizontal axes. The precue indicated the target location but did not convey information regarding the correct response. Performance decreased as the gap size or the vernier offset size decreased and as target eccentricity increased. Precueing improved performance in terms of RT and accuracy in all three tasks; the eccentricity effect decreased in the cued trials of the gap resolution tasks. These findings support the idea that the performance improvement at attended locations results, to some extent, from an enhanced spatial resolution at the cued location, and not just from distractor exclusion, diminished uncertainty, or decisional factors.",
keywords = "Covert attention, Gap resolution, Landolt-square, Precue, Spatial attention, Spatial resolution, Vernier",
author = "Yaffa Yeshurun and Marisa Carrasco",
year = "1999",
doi = "10.1016/S0042-6989(98)00114-X",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "39",
pages = "293--306",
journal = "Vision Research",
issn = "0042-6989",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Spatial attention improves performance in spatial resolution tasks

AU - Yeshurun, Yaffa

AU - Carrasco, Marisa

PY - 1999

Y1 - 1999

N2 - This study used peripheral precueing to explore the effect of covert transient attention on performance in spatial resolution tasks. Experiments 1 (Landolt-square) and 2 ('broken-line') measured gap resolution and Experiment 3 measured vernier resolution. In all three tasks the target was presented alone in a large number of possible locations, ranging from 1.5-6°of eccentricity in the vertical or horizontal axes. The precue indicated the target location but did not convey information regarding the correct response. Performance decreased as the gap size or the vernier offset size decreased and as target eccentricity increased. Precueing improved performance in terms of RT and accuracy in all three tasks; the eccentricity effect decreased in the cued trials of the gap resolution tasks. These findings support the idea that the performance improvement at attended locations results, to some extent, from an enhanced spatial resolution at the cued location, and not just from distractor exclusion, diminished uncertainty, or decisional factors.

AB - This study used peripheral precueing to explore the effect of covert transient attention on performance in spatial resolution tasks. Experiments 1 (Landolt-square) and 2 ('broken-line') measured gap resolution and Experiment 3 measured vernier resolution. In all three tasks the target was presented alone in a large number of possible locations, ranging from 1.5-6°of eccentricity in the vertical or horizontal axes. The precue indicated the target location but did not convey information regarding the correct response. Performance decreased as the gap size or the vernier offset size decreased and as target eccentricity increased. Precueing improved performance in terms of RT and accuracy in all three tasks; the eccentricity effect decreased in the cued trials of the gap resolution tasks. These findings support the idea that the performance improvement at attended locations results, to some extent, from an enhanced spatial resolution at the cued location, and not just from distractor exclusion, diminished uncertainty, or decisional factors.

KW - Covert attention

KW - Gap resolution

KW - Landolt-square

KW - Precue

KW - Spatial attention

KW - Spatial resolution

KW - Vernier

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0032919085&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0032919085&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S0042-6989(98)00114-X

DO - 10.1016/S0042-6989(98)00114-X

M3 - Article

C2 - 10326137

AN - SCOPUS:0032919085

VL - 39

SP - 293

EP - 306

JO - Vision Research

JF - Vision Research

SN - 0042-6989

IS - 2

ER -