Spanish nurses' attitudes towards research and perceived barriers and facilitators of research utilisation: A comparative survey of nurses with and without experience as principal investigators

Teresa Moreno-Casbas, Carmen Fuentelsaz-Gallego, Ángel Gil de Miguel, Esther González-María, Sean Clarke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aims and objective. To examine attitudes towards research and perceived barriers and facilitators of research utilisation in clinical practice in a broad cross-section of Spanish nurses. Background. Nurses' attitudes towards research are critical in determining whether study findings are used to improve practice. Design. Cross-sectional comparative survey in Hospitals, Primary Care Centres and University-affiliated schools of nursing. Methods. Surveys were completed by 917 nurses: 69 who received funding from the Spanish national agency (1998-2004) and a nationally representative sample of 848 nurses who did not have the same research experience (the Comparison group). Two instruments (BARRIERS and Attitudes towards nursing research) were translated and culturally adapted for use in Spain. A descriptive analysis of demographic and practice characteristics was performed. Total scale scores, as well as subscale scores, were computed and compared across the two groups using one-way analysis of variance (anova) and multivariate analysis of variance (manova) with post hoc tests. Pearson product-moment correlation coefficients were computed between the total tool scores and subscales measuring barriers and attitudes in both groups. Results. The investigators differed from other nurses on several demographic and work characteristics (more males, older age and more likely to work a fixed day shift schedule). On the whole, investigators showed more favourable attitudes but perceived several elements as posing greater barriers to research utilisation than the Comparison groups. Across all respondents, issues related to the quality of research were rated as the greatest barriers to research utilisation, followed by organisational barriers, barriers involving the communication of findings and finally, those related to nurses' values, awareness and skills. Conclusions. Very similar profiles of perceptions and attitudes regarding research were found in these samples of Spanish nurses relative to those from other countries in earlier reports. Nurses who had experience conducting research demonstrated more favourable research-related attitudes and perceived barriers differently than those without such experience. Relevance to clinical practice. Understanding different organisational and experience perspectives is important to identify challenges and opportunities to ensure research utilisation in clinical practice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1936-1947
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Clinical Nursing
Volume20
Issue number13-14
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2011

Fingerprint

Nurses
Research Personnel
Research
Analysis of Variance
Surveys and Questionnaires
Demography
Communication Barriers
School Nursing
Nursing Research
Spain
Primary Health Care
Appointments and Schedules
Multivariate Analysis
Cross-Sectional Studies

Keywords

  • Attitudes towards research
  • BARRIERS Scale
  • Nurses
  • Research utilisation
  • Spain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

Cite this

Spanish nurses' attitudes towards research and perceived barriers and facilitators of research utilisation : A comparative survey of nurses with and without experience as principal investigators. / Moreno-Casbas, Teresa; Fuentelsaz-Gallego, Carmen; de Miguel, Ángel Gil; González-María, Esther; Clarke, Sean.

In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, Vol. 20, No. 13-14, 01.07.2011, p. 1936-1947.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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