Sodium along with low-threshold potassium currents enhance coincidence detection of subthreshold noisy signals in MSO neurons

Gytis Svirskis, Vibhakar Kotak, Dan H. Sanes, John Rinzel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Voltage-dependent membrane conductances support specific neurophysiological properties. To investigate the mechanisms of coincidence detection, we activated gerbil medial superior olivary (MSO) neurons with dynamic current-clamp stimuli in vitro. Spike-triggered reverse-correlation analysis for injected current was used to evaluate the integration of subthreshold noisy signals. Consistent with previous reports, the partial blockade of low-threshold potassium channels (IKLT) reduced coincidence detection by slowing the rise of current needed on average to evoke a spike. However, two factors point toward the involvement of a second mechanism. First, the reverse correlation currents revealed that spike generation was associated with a preceding hyperpolarization. Second, rebound action potentials are 45% larger compared to depolarization-evoked spikes in the presence of an IKLT antagonist. These observations suggest that the sodium current (INa) was substantially inactivated at rest. To test this idea, INa was enhanced by increasing extracellular sodium concentration. This manipulation reduced coincidence detection, as reflected by slower spike-triggering current, and diminished the hyperpolarization phase in the reverse-correlation currents. As expected, a small outward bias current decreased the pre-spike hyperpolarization phase, and TTX blockade of I Na nearly eliminated the hyperpolarization phase in the reverse correlation current. A computer model including Hodgkin-Huxley type conductances for spike generation and for IKLT showed reduction in coincidence detection when IKLT was reduced or when INa was increased. We hypothesize that desirable synaptic signals first remove some inactivation of INa and reduce activation of IKLT to create a brief temporal window for coincidence detection of subthreshold noisy signals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2465-2473
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Neurophysiology
Volume91
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2004

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Potassium
Sodium
Neurons
Gerbillinae
Potassium Channels
Computer Simulation
Action Potentials
Membranes
In Vitro Techniques

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Sodium along with low-threshold potassium currents enhance coincidence detection of subthreshold noisy signals in MSO neurons. / Svirskis, Gytis; Kotak, Vibhakar; Sanes, Dan H.; Rinzel, John.

In: Journal of Neurophysiology, Vol. 91, No. 6, 06.2004, p. 2465-2473.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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