Social relations as determinants of oral health among persons over the age of 80 years

Kirsten Avlund, Poul Holm-Pedersen, Douglas E. Morse, Matti Viitanen, Bengt Winblad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To analyze whether social relations during a 7-year follow-up influence oral health among generally healthy, community-dwelling persons over the age of 80 years. Method: The present investigation is based on a subsample of 129 dentate community-dwelling individuals from The Kungsholmen Elders Oral Health Study (KEOHS), which included data from interviews and oral examinations. Social relations were measured in terms of marital status, living alone, frequency of contacts, number of confidants, and satisfaction with social contacts and with the frequency of contacts. Oral health was measured in terms of coronal caries and root caries. Results: The primary findings of the adjusted multivariate logistic regression analysis were that persons who lived alone or who became alone during the 7 years prior to the dental examination had greater odds of having coronal caries (odds ratio (OR): 2.4, 95% CI: 1.0-5.7) than those who continually lived with others, and that persons who were continuously dissatisfied with the frequency of their social contacts were more likely to have root caries than those who reported a sustained satisfaction with the frequency of their social contacts (OR: 2.9, 95% CI: 1.2-7.2). Conclusion: This study suggests that social relations are related to the oral health status of old-old individuals. From a psychosocial perspective, our findings contribute to a deeper understanding of the background of oral health status in older adults.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)454-462
Number of pages9
JournalCommunity Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Volume31
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2003

Fingerprint

Oral Health
Root Caries
Independent Living
Health Status
Odds Ratio
Oral Diagnosis
Marital Status
Tooth
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis
Interviews

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Caries
  • Oral health
  • Social relations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

Cite this

Social relations as determinants of oral health among persons over the age of 80 years. / Avlund, Kirsten; Holm-Pedersen, Poul; Morse, Douglas E.; Viitanen, Matti; Winblad, Bengt.

In: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology, Vol. 31, No. 6, 12.2003, p. 454-462.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Avlund, Kirsten ; Holm-Pedersen, Poul ; Morse, Douglas E. ; Viitanen, Matti ; Winblad, Bengt. / Social relations as determinants of oral health among persons over the age of 80 years. In: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology. 2003 ; Vol. 31, No. 6. pp. 454-462.
@article{da69e0eba6724694b3d1f3e3a076193b,
title = "Social relations as determinants of oral health among persons over the age of 80 years",
abstract = "Objective: To analyze whether social relations during a 7-year follow-up influence oral health among generally healthy, community-dwelling persons over the age of 80 years. Method: The present investigation is based on a subsample of 129 dentate community-dwelling individuals from The Kungsholmen Elders Oral Health Study (KEOHS), which included data from interviews and oral examinations. Social relations were measured in terms of marital status, living alone, frequency of contacts, number of confidants, and satisfaction with social contacts and with the frequency of contacts. Oral health was measured in terms of coronal caries and root caries. Results: The primary findings of the adjusted multivariate logistic regression analysis were that persons who lived alone or who became alone during the 7 years prior to the dental examination had greater odds of having coronal caries (odds ratio (OR): 2.4, 95{\%} CI: 1.0-5.7) than those who continually lived with others, and that persons who were continuously dissatisfied with the frequency of their social contacts were more likely to have root caries than those who reported a sustained satisfaction with the frequency of their social contacts (OR: 2.9, 95{\%} CI: 1.2-7.2). Conclusion: This study suggests that social relations are related to the oral health status of old-old individuals. From a psychosocial perspective, our findings contribute to a deeper understanding of the background of oral health status in older adults.",
keywords = "Aging, Caries, Oral health, Social relations",
author = "Kirsten Avlund and Poul Holm-Pedersen and Morse, {Douglas E.} and Matti Viitanen and Bengt Winblad",
year = "2003",
month = "12",
doi = "10.1046/j.1600-0528.2003.00115.x",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "31",
pages = "454--462",
journal = "Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology",
issn = "0301-5661",
publisher = "Blackwell Munksgaard",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Social relations as determinants of oral health among persons over the age of 80 years

AU - Avlund, Kirsten

AU - Holm-Pedersen, Poul

AU - Morse, Douglas E.

AU - Viitanen, Matti

AU - Winblad, Bengt

PY - 2003/12

Y1 - 2003/12

N2 - Objective: To analyze whether social relations during a 7-year follow-up influence oral health among generally healthy, community-dwelling persons over the age of 80 years. Method: The present investigation is based on a subsample of 129 dentate community-dwelling individuals from The Kungsholmen Elders Oral Health Study (KEOHS), which included data from interviews and oral examinations. Social relations were measured in terms of marital status, living alone, frequency of contacts, number of confidants, and satisfaction with social contacts and with the frequency of contacts. Oral health was measured in terms of coronal caries and root caries. Results: The primary findings of the adjusted multivariate logistic regression analysis were that persons who lived alone or who became alone during the 7 years prior to the dental examination had greater odds of having coronal caries (odds ratio (OR): 2.4, 95% CI: 1.0-5.7) than those who continually lived with others, and that persons who were continuously dissatisfied with the frequency of their social contacts were more likely to have root caries than those who reported a sustained satisfaction with the frequency of their social contacts (OR: 2.9, 95% CI: 1.2-7.2). Conclusion: This study suggests that social relations are related to the oral health status of old-old individuals. From a psychosocial perspective, our findings contribute to a deeper understanding of the background of oral health status in older adults.

AB - Objective: To analyze whether social relations during a 7-year follow-up influence oral health among generally healthy, community-dwelling persons over the age of 80 years. Method: The present investigation is based on a subsample of 129 dentate community-dwelling individuals from The Kungsholmen Elders Oral Health Study (KEOHS), which included data from interviews and oral examinations. Social relations were measured in terms of marital status, living alone, frequency of contacts, number of confidants, and satisfaction with social contacts and with the frequency of contacts. Oral health was measured in terms of coronal caries and root caries. Results: The primary findings of the adjusted multivariate logistic regression analysis were that persons who lived alone or who became alone during the 7 years prior to the dental examination had greater odds of having coronal caries (odds ratio (OR): 2.4, 95% CI: 1.0-5.7) than those who continually lived with others, and that persons who were continuously dissatisfied with the frequency of their social contacts were more likely to have root caries than those who reported a sustained satisfaction with the frequency of their social contacts (OR: 2.9, 95% CI: 1.2-7.2). Conclusion: This study suggests that social relations are related to the oral health status of old-old individuals. From a psychosocial perspective, our findings contribute to a deeper understanding of the background of oral health status in older adults.

KW - Aging

KW - Caries

KW - Oral health

KW - Social relations

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0345257025&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0345257025&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1046/j.1600-0528.2003.00115.x

DO - 10.1046/j.1600-0528.2003.00115.x

M3 - Article

VL - 31

SP - 454

EP - 462

JO - Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology

JF - Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology

SN - 0301-5661

IS - 6

ER -