Social Inequalities on Selected Determinants of Active Aging and Health Status Indicators in a Large Brazilian City (2003-2010)

Luciana De Souza Braga, Maria Fernanda Lima-Costa, Cibele Comini César, James Macinko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To assess trends in social inequalities among 2,624 elderly living in Belo Horizonte, Brazil, in three domains of the World Health Organization's Active Aging model (physical environment, social determinants, use of health services) and health status indicators. Method: Data came from two representative household surveys conducted in 2003 and 2010. Social inequality was measured by the slope and the relative index of inequality. Educational level was used to define socioeconomic status. Results: Significant improvements were observed in the prevalence rates of 7 out of 12 indicators. However, the social inequalities persisted through 10 out of 12 selected active aging and health status indicators, except for fear of falling on the sidewalks/crossing the streets and fear of being robbed. Discussion: Social inequalities persistence might be assigned to the continuity of unequal distribution of resources among groups with different educational levels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)180-196
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Aging and Health
Volume28
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2016

Fingerprint

Health Status Indicators
social inequality
large city
health status
determinants
Fear
anxiety
Accidental Falls
Social Determinants of Health
household survey
WHO
persistence
social status
health service
continuity
Brazil
Social Class
Health Services
trend
resources

Keywords

  • active aging
  • Brazil
  • epidemiology
  • social inequalities
  • urban health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Gerontology
  • Community and Home Care

Cite this

Social Inequalities on Selected Determinants of Active Aging and Health Status Indicators in a Large Brazilian City (2003-2010). / De Souza Braga, Luciana; Lima-Costa, Maria Fernanda; César, Cibele Comini; Macinko, James.

In: Journal of Aging and Health, Vol. 28, No. 1, 01.02.2016, p. 180-196.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

De Souza Braga, Luciana ; Lima-Costa, Maria Fernanda ; César, Cibele Comini ; Macinko, James. / Social Inequalities on Selected Determinants of Active Aging and Health Status Indicators in a Large Brazilian City (2003-2010). In: Journal of Aging and Health. 2016 ; Vol. 28, No. 1. pp. 180-196.
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