Social Context and Problem Factors among Youth with Juvenile Justice Involvement Histories

Dexter R. Voisin, Jessica M. Sales, Jun Sung Hong, Jerrold M. Jackson, Eve S. Rose, Ralph DiClemente

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Youth with juvenile justice histories often reside in poorly resourced communities and report high rates of depression, gang involved networks, and STI-sexual related risk behaviors, compared to their counterparts. The primary aim of this study was to examine the relationship between social context (ie, a combined index score comprised of living in public housing, being a recipient of free school lunch, and witnessing community violence) and risk factors that are disproportionately worse for juvenile justice youth such as depression, gang involved networks and STI sexual risk behaviors. Data were collected from a sample of detained youth ages 14 to 16 (N = 489). Questions assessed demographics, social context, depression, gang-involved networks, and STI risk behaviors. Multiple logistic regression models, controlling for age, gender, race, school enrollment, and family social support, indicated that participants who reported poorer social context had double the odds of reporting being depressed; three times higher odds of being in a gang; three times higher odds of personally knowing a gang member; and double the odds of having engaged in STI-risk behaviors. These results provide significant information that can help service providers target certain profiles of youth with juvenile justice histories for early intervention initiatives.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)71-78
Number of pages8
JournalBehavioral Medicine
Volume43
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2 2017

Fingerprint

Social Problems
Social Justice
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Risk-Taking
Depression
Public Housing
Logistic Models
Lunch
Violence
Sexual Behavior
Social Support
Demography
Students

Keywords

  • depression
  • gang-involved networks
  • social context
  • STI-risk behaviors
  • youth with detention histories

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Social Context and Problem Factors among Youth with Juvenile Justice Involvement Histories. / Voisin, Dexter R.; Sales, Jessica M.; Hong, Jun Sung; Jackson, Jerrold M.; Rose, Eve S.; DiClemente, Ralph.

In: Behavioral Medicine, Vol. 43, No. 1, 02.01.2017, p. 71-78.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Voisin, Dexter R. ; Sales, Jessica M. ; Hong, Jun Sung ; Jackson, Jerrold M. ; Rose, Eve S. ; DiClemente, Ralph. / Social Context and Problem Factors among Youth with Juvenile Justice Involvement Histories. In: Behavioral Medicine. 2017 ; Vol. 43, No. 1. pp. 71-78.
@article{53bc60f09e194e41ba0e9ec84db1db63,
title = "Social Context and Problem Factors among Youth with Juvenile Justice Involvement Histories",
abstract = "Youth with juvenile justice histories often reside in poorly resourced communities and report high rates of depression, gang involved networks, and STI-sexual related risk behaviors, compared to their counterparts. The primary aim of this study was to examine the relationship between social context (ie, a combined index score comprised of living in public housing, being a recipient of free school lunch, and witnessing community violence) and risk factors that are disproportionately worse for juvenile justice youth such as depression, gang involved networks and STI sexual risk behaviors. Data were collected from a sample of detained youth ages 14 to 16 (N = 489). Questions assessed demographics, social context, depression, gang-involved networks, and STI risk behaviors. Multiple logistic regression models, controlling for age, gender, race, school enrollment, and family social support, indicated that participants who reported poorer social context had double the odds of reporting being depressed; three times higher odds of being in a gang; three times higher odds of personally knowing a gang member; and double the odds of having engaged in STI-risk behaviors. These results provide significant information that can help service providers target certain profiles of youth with juvenile justice histories for early intervention initiatives.",
keywords = "depression, gang-involved networks, social context, STI-risk behaviors, youth with detention histories",
author = "Voisin, {Dexter R.} and Sales, {Jessica M.} and Hong, {Jun Sung} and Jackson, {Jerrold M.} and Rose, {Eve S.} and Ralph DiClemente",
year = "2017",
month = "1",
day = "2",
doi = "10.1080/08964289.2015.1065789",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "43",
pages = "71--78",
journal = "Behavioral Medicine",
issn = "0896-4289",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Social Context and Problem Factors among Youth with Juvenile Justice Involvement Histories

AU - Voisin, Dexter R.

AU - Sales, Jessica M.

AU - Hong, Jun Sung

AU - Jackson, Jerrold M.

AU - Rose, Eve S.

AU - DiClemente, Ralph

PY - 2017/1/2

Y1 - 2017/1/2

N2 - Youth with juvenile justice histories often reside in poorly resourced communities and report high rates of depression, gang involved networks, and STI-sexual related risk behaviors, compared to their counterparts. The primary aim of this study was to examine the relationship between social context (ie, a combined index score comprised of living in public housing, being a recipient of free school lunch, and witnessing community violence) and risk factors that are disproportionately worse for juvenile justice youth such as depression, gang involved networks and STI sexual risk behaviors. Data were collected from a sample of detained youth ages 14 to 16 (N = 489). Questions assessed demographics, social context, depression, gang-involved networks, and STI risk behaviors. Multiple logistic regression models, controlling for age, gender, race, school enrollment, and family social support, indicated that participants who reported poorer social context had double the odds of reporting being depressed; three times higher odds of being in a gang; three times higher odds of personally knowing a gang member; and double the odds of having engaged in STI-risk behaviors. These results provide significant information that can help service providers target certain profiles of youth with juvenile justice histories for early intervention initiatives.

AB - Youth with juvenile justice histories often reside in poorly resourced communities and report high rates of depression, gang involved networks, and STI-sexual related risk behaviors, compared to their counterparts. The primary aim of this study was to examine the relationship between social context (ie, a combined index score comprised of living in public housing, being a recipient of free school lunch, and witnessing community violence) and risk factors that are disproportionately worse for juvenile justice youth such as depression, gang involved networks and STI sexual risk behaviors. Data were collected from a sample of detained youth ages 14 to 16 (N = 489). Questions assessed demographics, social context, depression, gang-involved networks, and STI risk behaviors. Multiple logistic regression models, controlling for age, gender, race, school enrollment, and family social support, indicated that participants who reported poorer social context had double the odds of reporting being depressed; three times higher odds of being in a gang; three times higher odds of personally knowing a gang member; and double the odds of having engaged in STI-risk behaviors. These results provide significant information that can help service providers target certain profiles of youth with juvenile justice histories for early intervention initiatives.

KW - depression

KW - gang-involved networks

KW - social context

KW - STI-risk behaviors

KW - youth with detention histories

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84964478598&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84964478598&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/08964289.2015.1065789

DO - 10.1080/08964289.2015.1065789

M3 - Article

C2 - 26244631

AN - SCOPUS:84964478598

VL - 43

SP - 71

EP - 78

JO - Behavioral Medicine

JF - Behavioral Medicine

SN - 0896-4289

IS - 1

ER -