Social and emotional learning services and child outcomes in third grade: evidence from a cohort of head start participants

Fuhua Zhai, C. Cybele Raver, Stephanie M. Jones

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Abstract

A variety of universal school-based social and emotional learning (SEL) programs have been designed in the past decades to help children improve social-emotional and academic skills. Evidence on the effectiveness of SEL programs has been mixed in the literature. Using data from a longitudinal follow-up study of children (n=414) originally enrolled in a clustered randomized controlled trial (RCT) when they were in Head Start, we examined whether universal SEL services in third grade were associated with the development of children from disadvantaged families. We took advantage of pairwise matching in the RCT design to compare children who had similar family background and preschool experiences but received different doses of SEL services in third grade. The results showed that the frequent (i.e., weekly to daily) exposure to SEL opportunities was associated with favorable social-emotional and academic development in third grade, including increased social skills, student-teacher relationship, and academic skills, as well as reduced impulsiveness.; •A sample of Head Start participants originally enrolled in a clustered randomized controlled trial (RCT) in preschool•Focusing on the different doses of classroom-based social and emotional learning activities in third grade•Frequent (i.e., weekly to daily) exposure to SEL opportunities in class was associated with favorable social-emotional and academic development in third grade
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalChildren and Youth Services Review
Volume56
StatePublished - 2015

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title = "Social and emotional learning services and child outcomes in third grade: evidence from a cohort of head start participants",
abstract = "A variety of universal school-based social and emotional learning (SEL) programs have been designed in the past decades to help children improve social-emotional and academic skills. Evidence on the effectiveness of SEL programs has been mixed in the literature. Using data from a longitudinal follow-up study of children (n=414) originally enrolled in a clustered randomized controlled trial (RCT) when they were in Head Start, we examined whether universal SEL services in third grade were associated with the development of children from disadvantaged families. We took advantage of pairwise matching in the RCT design to compare children who had similar family background and preschool experiences but received different doses of SEL services in third grade. The results showed that the frequent (i.e., weekly to daily) exposure to SEL opportunities was associated with favorable social-emotional and academic development in third grade, including increased social skills, student-teacher relationship, and academic skills, as well as reduced impulsiveness.; •A sample of Head Start participants originally enrolled in a clustered randomized controlled trial (RCT) in preschool•Focusing on the different doses of classroom-based social and emotional learning activities in third grade•Frequent (i.e., weekly to daily) exposure to SEL opportunities in class was associated with favorable social-emotional and academic development in third grade",
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T1 - Social and emotional learning services and child outcomes in third grade: evidence from a cohort of head start participants

AU - Zhai, Fuhua

AU - Raver, C. Cybele

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PY - 2015

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N2 - A variety of universal school-based social and emotional learning (SEL) programs have been designed in the past decades to help children improve social-emotional and academic skills. Evidence on the effectiveness of SEL programs has been mixed in the literature. Using data from a longitudinal follow-up study of children (n=414) originally enrolled in a clustered randomized controlled trial (RCT) when they were in Head Start, we examined whether universal SEL services in third grade were associated with the development of children from disadvantaged families. We took advantage of pairwise matching in the RCT design to compare children who had similar family background and preschool experiences but received different doses of SEL services in third grade. The results showed that the frequent (i.e., weekly to daily) exposure to SEL opportunities was associated with favorable social-emotional and academic development in third grade, including increased social skills, student-teacher relationship, and academic skills, as well as reduced impulsiveness.; •A sample of Head Start participants originally enrolled in a clustered randomized controlled trial (RCT) in preschool•Focusing on the different doses of classroom-based social and emotional learning activities in third grade•Frequent (i.e., weekly to daily) exposure to SEL opportunities in class was associated with favorable social-emotional and academic development in third grade

AB - A variety of universal school-based social and emotional learning (SEL) programs have been designed in the past decades to help children improve social-emotional and academic skills. Evidence on the effectiveness of SEL programs has been mixed in the literature. Using data from a longitudinal follow-up study of children (n=414) originally enrolled in a clustered randomized controlled trial (RCT) when they were in Head Start, we examined whether universal SEL services in third grade were associated with the development of children from disadvantaged families. We took advantage of pairwise matching in the RCT design to compare children who had similar family background and preschool experiences but received different doses of SEL services in third grade. The results showed that the frequent (i.e., weekly to daily) exposure to SEL opportunities was associated with favorable social-emotional and academic development in third grade, including increased social skills, student-teacher relationship, and academic skills, as well as reduced impulsiveness.; •A sample of Head Start participants originally enrolled in a clustered randomized controlled trial (RCT) in preschool•Focusing on the different doses of classroom-based social and emotional learning activities in third grade•Frequent (i.e., weekly to daily) exposure to SEL opportunities in class was associated with favorable social-emotional and academic development in third grade

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