SiPMs coated with TPB: Coating protocol and characterization for NEXT

V. Álvarez, J. Agramunt, M. Ball, M. Batallé, J. Bayarri, F. I.G. Borges, H. Bolink, H. Brine, S. Cárcel, J. M. Carmona, J. Castel, J. M. Catalá, S. Cebrián, A. Cervera, D. Chan, C. A.N. Conde, T. Dafni, T. H.V.T. Dias, J. Díaz, R. EsteveP. Evtoukhovitch, J. Ferrando, L. M.P. Fernandes, P. Ferrario, A. L. Ferreira, E. Ferrer-Ribas, E. D.C. Freitas, S. A. García, A. Gil, I. Giomataris, A. Goldschmidt, E. Gómez, H. Gómez, J. J. Gómez-Cadenas, K. González, R. M. Gutiérrez, J. Hauptman, J. A. Hernando-Morata, D. C. Herrera, V. Herrero, F. J. Iguaz, I. G. Irastorza, V. Kalinnikov, L. Labarga, I. Liubarsky, J. A.M. Lopes, D. Lorca, M. Losada, G. Luzón, A. Marí, J. Martin-Albo, M. Méndez, T. Miller, A. Moisenko, F. Monrabal, B. Monteiro, J. M. Monzó, F. J. Mora, J. Muñoz Vidal, H. Natal Da Luz, G. Navarro, M. Nebot, D. Nygren, C. A.B. Oliveira, R. Palma, J. L. Pérez Aparicio, J. Pérez, E. Radicioni, M. Quinto, J. Renner, L. Ripoll, A. Rodriguez, J. Rodriguez, F. P. Santos, J. M.F. Dos Santos, L. Seguí, L. Serra, D. Shuman, C. Sofka, M. Sorel, A. Soriano, H. Spieler, J. F. Toledo, J. Torrent Collell, A. Tomás, Z. Tsamalaidze, D. Vázquez, E. Velicheva, J. F.C.A. Veloso, J. A. Villar, R. Webb, T. Weber, J. T. White, N. Yahlali

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Silicon photomultipliers (SiPM) are the photon detectors chosen for the tracking readout in NEXT, a neutrinoless \bb decay experiment which uses a high pressure gaseous xenon time projection chamber (TPC). The reconstruction of event track and topology in this gaseous detector is a key handle for background rejection. Among the commercially available sensors that can be used for tracking, SiPMs offer important advantages, mainly high gain, ruggedness, cost-effectiveness and radio-purity. Their main drawback, however, is their non sensitivity in the emission spectrum of the xenon scintillation (peak at 175 nm). This is overcome by coating these sensors with the organic wavelength shifter tetraphenyl butadiene (TPB). In this paper we describe the protocol developed for coating the SiPMs with TPB and the measurements performed for characterizing the coatings as well as the performance of the coated sensors in the UV-VUV range.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberP02010
JournalJournal of Instrumentation
Volume7
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2012

Fingerprint

butadiene
Butadiene
Coating
Xenon
coatings
Coatings
Sensor
xenon
sensors
Sensors
Gaseous Detectors
Time Projection Chamber
ruggedness
Detectors
cost effectiveness
Cost-effectiveness
Scintillation
Photomultipliers
detectors
Cost effectiveness

Keywords

  • Particle tracking detectors (Solid-state detectors)
  • Photon detectors for UV, visible and IR photons (solid-state)
  • Scintillators, scintillation and light emission processes (solid, gas and liquid scintillators)
  • Time projection Chambers (TPC)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mathematical Physics
  • Instrumentation

Cite this

Álvarez, V., Agramunt, J., Ball, M., Batallé, M., Bayarri, J., Borges, F. I. G., ... Yahlali, N. (2012). SiPMs coated with TPB: Coating protocol and characterization for NEXT. Journal of Instrumentation, 7(2), [P02010]. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-0221/7/02/P02010

SiPMs coated with TPB : Coating protocol and characterization for NEXT. / Álvarez, V.; Agramunt, J.; Ball, M.; Batallé, M.; Bayarri, J.; Borges, F. I.G.; Bolink, H.; Brine, H.; Cárcel, S.; Carmona, J. M.; Castel, J.; Catalá, J. M.; Cebrián, S.; Cervera, A.; Chan, D.; Conde, C. A.N.; Dafni, T.; Dias, T. H.V.T.; Díaz, J.; Esteve, R.; Evtoukhovitch, P.; Ferrando, J.; Fernandes, L. M.P.; Ferrario, P.; Ferreira, A. L.; Ferrer-Ribas, E.; Freitas, E. D.C.; García, S. A.; Gil, A.; Giomataris, I.; Goldschmidt, A.; Gómez, E.; Gómez, H.; Gómez-Cadenas, J. J.; González, K.; Gutiérrez, R. M.; Hauptman, J.; Hernando-Morata, J. A.; Herrera, D. C.; Herrero, V.; Iguaz, F. J.; Irastorza, I. G.; Kalinnikov, V.; Labarga, L.; Liubarsky, I.; Lopes, J. A.M.; Lorca, D.; Losada, M.; Luzón, G.; Marí, A.; Martin-Albo, J.; Méndez, M.; Miller, T.; Moisenko, A.; Monrabal, F.; Monteiro, B.; Monzó, J. M.; Mora, F. J.; Muñoz Vidal, J.; Natal Da Luz, H.; Navarro, G.; Nebot, M.; Nygren, D.; Oliveira, C. A.B.; Palma, R.; Pérez Aparicio, J. L.; Pérez, J.; Radicioni, E.; Quinto, M.; Renner, J.; Ripoll, L.; Rodriguez, A.; Rodriguez, J.; Santos, F. P.; Dos Santos, J. M.F.; Seguí, L.; Serra, L.; Shuman, D.; Sofka, C.; Sorel, M.; Soriano, A.; Spieler, H.; Toledo, J. F.; Torrent Collell, J.; Tomás, A.; Tsamalaidze, Z.; Vázquez, D.; Velicheva, E.; Veloso, J. F.C.A.; Villar, J. A.; Webb, R.; Weber, T.; White, J. T.; Yahlali, N.

In: Journal of Instrumentation, Vol. 7, No. 2, P02010, 01.02.2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Álvarez, V, Agramunt, J, Ball, M, Batallé, M, Bayarri, J, Borges, FIG, Bolink, H, Brine, H, Cárcel, S, Carmona, JM, Castel, J, Catalá, JM, Cebrián, S, Cervera, A, Chan, D, Conde, CAN, Dafni, T, Dias, THVT, Díaz, J, Esteve, R, Evtoukhovitch, P, Ferrando, J, Fernandes, LMP, Ferrario, P, Ferreira, AL, Ferrer-Ribas, E, Freitas, EDC, García, SA, Gil, A, Giomataris, I, Goldschmidt, A, Gómez, E, Gómez, H, Gómez-Cadenas, JJ, González, K, Gutiérrez, RM, Hauptman, J, Hernando-Morata, JA, Herrera, DC, Herrero, V, Iguaz, FJ, Irastorza, IG, Kalinnikov, V, Labarga, L, Liubarsky, I, Lopes, JAM, Lorca, D, Losada, M, Luzón, G, Marí, A, Martin-Albo, J, Méndez, M, Miller, T, Moisenko, A, Monrabal, F, Monteiro, B, Monzó, JM, Mora, FJ, Muñoz Vidal, J, Natal Da Luz, H, Navarro, G, Nebot, M, Nygren, D, Oliveira, CAB, Palma, R, Pérez Aparicio, JL, Pérez, J, Radicioni, E, Quinto, M, Renner, J, Ripoll, L, Rodriguez, A, Rodriguez, J, Santos, FP, Dos Santos, JMF, Seguí, L, Serra, L, Shuman, D, Sofka, C, Sorel, M, Soriano, A, Spieler, H, Toledo, JF, Torrent Collell, J, Tomás, A, Tsamalaidze, Z, Vázquez, D, Velicheva, E, Veloso, JFCA, Villar, JA, Webb, R, Weber, T, White, JT & Yahlali, N 2012, 'SiPMs coated with TPB: Coating protocol and characterization for NEXT', Journal of Instrumentation, vol. 7, no. 2, P02010. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-0221/7/02/P02010
Álvarez V, Agramunt J, Ball M, Batallé M, Bayarri J, Borges FIG et al. SiPMs coated with TPB: Coating protocol and characterization for NEXT. Journal of Instrumentation. 2012 Feb 1;7(2). P02010. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-0221/7/02/P02010
Álvarez, V. ; Agramunt, J. ; Ball, M. ; Batallé, M. ; Bayarri, J. ; Borges, F. I.G. ; Bolink, H. ; Brine, H. ; Cárcel, S. ; Carmona, J. M. ; Castel, J. ; Catalá, J. M. ; Cebrián, S. ; Cervera, A. ; Chan, D. ; Conde, C. A.N. ; Dafni, T. ; Dias, T. H.V.T. ; Díaz, J. ; Esteve, R. ; Evtoukhovitch, P. ; Ferrando, J. ; Fernandes, L. M.P. ; Ferrario, P. ; Ferreira, A. L. ; Ferrer-Ribas, E. ; Freitas, E. D.C. ; García, S. A. ; Gil, A. ; Giomataris, I. ; Goldschmidt, A. ; Gómez, E. ; Gómez, H. ; Gómez-Cadenas, J. J. ; González, K. ; Gutiérrez, R. M. ; Hauptman, J. ; Hernando-Morata, J. A. ; Herrera, D. C. ; Herrero, V. ; Iguaz, F. J. ; Irastorza, I. G. ; Kalinnikov, V. ; Labarga, L. ; Liubarsky, I. ; Lopes, J. A.M. ; Lorca, D. ; Losada, M. ; Luzón, G. ; Marí, A. ; Martin-Albo, J. ; Méndez, M. ; Miller, T. ; Moisenko, A. ; Monrabal, F. ; Monteiro, B. ; Monzó, J. M. ; Mora, F. J. ; Muñoz Vidal, J. ; Natal Da Luz, H. ; Navarro, G. ; Nebot, M. ; Nygren, D. ; Oliveira, C. A.B. ; Palma, R. ; Pérez Aparicio, J. L. ; Pérez, J. ; Radicioni, E. ; Quinto, M. ; Renner, J. ; Ripoll, L. ; Rodriguez, A. ; Rodriguez, J. ; Santos, F. P. ; Dos Santos, J. M.F. ; Seguí, L. ; Serra, L. ; Shuman, D. ; Sofka, C. ; Sorel, M. ; Soriano, A. ; Spieler, H. ; Toledo, J. F. ; Torrent Collell, J. ; Tomás, A. ; Tsamalaidze, Z. ; Vázquez, D. ; Velicheva, E. ; Veloso, J. F.C.A. ; Villar, J. A. ; Webb, R. ; Weber, T. ; White, J. T. ; Yahlali, N. / SiPMs coated with TPB : Coating protocol and characterization for NEXT. In: Journal of Instrumentation. 2012 ; Vol. 7, No. 2.
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abstract = "Silicon photomultipliers (SiPM) are the photon detectors chosen for the tracking readout in NEXT, a neutrinoless \bb decay experiment which uses a high pressure gaseous xenon time projection chamber (TPC). The reconstruction of event track and topology in this gaseous detector is a key handle for background rejection. Among the commercially available sensors that can be used for tracking, SiPMs offer important advantages, mainly high gain, ruggedness, cost-effectiveness and radio-purity. Their main drawback, however, is their non sensitivity in the emission spectrum of the xenon scintillation (peak at 175 nm). This is overcome by coating these sensors with the organic wavelength shifter tetraphenyl butadiene (TPB). In this paper we describe the protocol developed for coating the SiPMs with TPB and the measurements performed for characterizing the coatings as well as the performance of the coated sensors in the UV-VUV range.",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - SiPMs coated with TPB

T2 - Coating protocol and characterization for NEXT

AU - Álvarez, V.

AU - Agramunt, J.

AU - Ball, M.

AU - Batallé, M.

AU - Bayarri, J.

AU - Borges, F. I.G.

AU - Bolink, H.

AU - Brine, H.

AU - Cárcel, S.

AU - Carmona, J. M.

AU - Castel, J.

AU - Catalá, J. M.

AU - Cebrián, S.

AU - Cervera, A.

AU - Chan, D.

AU - Conde, C. A.N.

AU - Dafni, T.

AU - Dias, T. H.V.T.

AU - Díaz, J.

AU - Esteve, R.

AU - Evtoukhovitch, P.

AU - Ferrando, J.

AU - Fernandes, L. M.P.

AU - Ferrario, P.

AU - Ferreira, A. L.

AU - Ferrer-Ribas, E.

AU - Freitas, E. D.C.

AU - García, S. A.

AU - Gil, A.

AU - Giomataris, I.

AU - Goldschmidt, A.

AU - Gómez, E.

AU - Gómez, H.

AU - Gómez-Cadenas, J. J.

AU - González, K.

AU - Gutiérrez, R. M.

AU - Hauptman, J.

AU - Hernando-Morata, J. A.

AU - Herrera, D. C.

AU - Herrero, V.

AU - Iguaz, F. J.

AU - Irastorza, I. G.

AU - Kalinnikov, V.

AU - Labarga, L.

AU - Liubarsky, I.

AU - Lopes, J. A.M.

AU - Lorca, D.

AU - Losada, M.

AU - Luzón, G.

AU - Marí, A.

AU - Martin-Albo, J.

AU - Méndez, M.

AU - Miller, T.

AU - Moisenko, A.

AU - Monrabal, F.

AU - Monteiro, B.

AU - Monzó, J. M.

AU - Mora, F. J.

AU - Muñoz Vidal, J.

AU - Natal Da Luz, H.

AU - Navarro, G.

AU - Nebot, M.

AU - Nygren, D.

AU - Oliveira, C. A.B.

AU - Palma, R.

AU - Pérez Aparicio, J. L.

AU - Pérez, J.

AU - Radicioni, E.

AU - Quinto, M.

AU - Renner, J.

AU - Ripoll, L.

AU - Rodriguez, A.

AU - Rodriguez, J.

AU - Santos, F. P.

AU - Dos Santos, J. M.F.

AU - Seguí, L.

AU - Serra, L.

AU - Shuman, D.

AU - Sofka, C.

AU - Sorel, M.

AU - Soriano, A.

AU - Spieler, H.

AU - Toledo, J. F.

AU - Torrent Collell, J.

AU - Tomás, A.

AU - Tsamalaidze, Z.

AU - Vázquez, D.

AU - Velicheva, E.

AU - Veloso, J. F.C.A.

AU - Villar, J. A.

AU - Webb, R.

AU - Weber, T.

AU - White, J. T.

AU - Yahlali, N.

PY - 2012/2/1

Y1 - 2012/2/1

N2 - Silicon photomultipliers (SiPM) are the photon detectors chosen for the tracking readout in NEXT, a neutrinoless \bb decay experiment which uses a high pressure gaseous xenon time projection chamber (TPC). The reconstruction of event track and topology in this gaseous detector is a key handle for background rejection. Among the commercially available sensors that can be used for tracking, SiPMs offer important advantages, mainly high gain, ruggedness, cost-effectiveness and radio-purity. Their main drawback, however, is their non sensitivity in the emission spectrum of the xenon scintillation (peak at 175 nm). This is overcome by coating these sensors with the organic wavelength shifter tetraphenyl butadiene (TPB). In this paper we describe the protocol developed for coating the SiPMs with TPB and the measurements performed for characterizing the coatings as well as the performance of the coated sensors in the UV-VUV range.

AB - Silicon photomultipliers (SiPM) are the photon detectors chosen for the tracking readout in NEXT, a neutrinoless \bb decay experiment which uses a high pressure gaseous xenon time projection chamber (TPC). The reconstruction of event track and topology in this gaseous detector is a key handle for background rejection. Among the commercially available sensors that can be used for tracking, SiPMs offer important advantages, mainly high gain, ruggedness, cost-effectiveness and radio-purity. Their main drawback, however, is their non sensitivity in the emission spectrum of the xenon scintillation (peak at 175 nm). This is overcome by coating these sensors with the organic wavelength shifter tetraphenyl butadiene (TPB). In this paper we describe the protocol developed for coating the SiPMs with TPB and the measurements performed for characterizing the coatings as well as the performance of the coated sensors in the UV-VUV range.

KW - Particle tracking detectors (Solid-state detectors)

KW - Photon detectors for UV, visible and IR photons (solid-state)

KW - Scintillators, scintillation and light emission processes (solid, gas and liquid scintillators)

KW - Time projection Chambers (TPC)

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UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84863393150&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1088/1748-0221/7/02/P02010

DO - 10.1088/1748-0221/7/02/P02010

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84863393150

VL - 7

JO - Journal of Instrumentation

JF - Journal of Instrumentation

SN - 1748-0221

IS - 2

M1 - P02010

ER -