Shrinking the Public Safety Net or Helping the Poor Play by the Rules? The Changes in the State-Level Policies That Affected Low-Income Families With Children in the Welfare Reform Era

1994-2002

Yumiko Aratani, Hsien Hen Lu, J. Lawrence Aber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Despite the claimed success of the 1996 Welfare Reform, little research using multivariate regression has examined changes in multiple public safety-net programs. Thus, we still do not know whether public safety-net programs for the poor have shrunk or increased nationwide, along with the sharp declines in cash assistance. Using state-level data between 1994 and 2002 and state fixed-effects model, this study examines changes in nine safety-net programs designed for low-income families with children along with decreases in support from Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC)/Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), and the results indicate that the decline in AFDC/TANF support was not associated with increases in support for the economic self-sufficiency of low-income families; safety-net programs for the poor shrunk during the 1996 reform. As there is an increasing need for an effective use of public dollars to assist the poor in the present recession, future researchers should turn their attention to the study of multiple safety-net policies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)189-213
Number of pages25
JournalAmerican Journal of Evaluation
Volume35
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Child Welfare
low income
welfare
Aid to Families with Dependent Children
Safety
reform
assistance
economic self-sufficiency
recession
dollar
Economics
Research Personnel
Low-income families
Welfare reform
Safety net
Public safety
regression
Research
present
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families

Keywords

  • antipoverty policies
  • low-income families with children
  • state fixed-effect model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Strategy and Management
  • Social Psychology
  • Education
  • Health(social science)
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

@article{2bfb949f885c4ff4bcece1a8c9565c7f,
title = "Shrinking the Public Safety Net or Helping the Poor Play by the Rules? The Changes in the State-Level Policies That Affected Low-Income Families With Children in the Welfare Reform Era: 1994-2002",
abstract = "Despite the claimed success of the 1996 Welfare Reform, little research using multivariate regression has examined changes in multiple public safety-net programs. Thus, we still do not know whether public safety-net programs for the poor have shrunk or increased nationwide, along with the sharp declines in cash assistance. Using state-level data between 1994 and 2002 and state fixed-effects model, this study examines changes in nine safety-net programs designed for low-income families with children along with decreases in support from Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC)/Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), and the results indicate that the decline in AFDC/TANF support was not associated with increases in support for the economic self-sufficiency of low-income families; safety-net programs for the poor shrunk during the 1996 reform. As there is an increasing need for an effective use of public dollars to assist the poor in the present recession, future researchers should turn their attention to the study of multiple safety-net policies.",
keywords = "antipoverty policies, low-income families with children, state fixed-effect model",
author = "Yumiko Aratani and Lu, {Hsien Hen} and Aber, {J. Lawrence}",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1177/1098214013510199",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "35",
pages = "189--213",
journal = "American Journal of Evaluation",
issn = "1098-2140",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Shrinking the Public Safety Net or Helping the Poor Play by the Rules? The Changes in the State-Level Policies That Affected Low-Income Families With Children in the Welfare Reform Era

T2 - 1994-2002

AU - Aratani, Yumiko

AU - Lu, Hsien Hen

AU - Aber, J. Lawrence

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Despite the claimed success of the 1996 Welfare Reform, little research using multivariate regression has examined changes in multiple public safety-net programs. Thus, we still do not know whether public safety-net programs for the poor have shrunk or increased nationwide, along with the sharp declines in cash assistance. Using state-level data between 1994 and 2002 and state fixed-effects model, this study examines changes in nine safety-net programs designed for low-income families with children along with decreases in support from Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC)/Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), and the results indicate that the decline in AFDC/TANF support was not associated with increases in support for the economic self-sufficiency of low-income families; safety-net programs for the poor shrunk during the 1996 reform. As there is an increasing need for an effective use of public dollars to assist the poor in the present recession, future researchers should turn their attention to the study of multiple safety-net policies.

AB - Despite the claimed success of the 1996 Welfare Reform, little research using multivariate regression has examined changes in multiple public safety-net programs. Thus, we still do not know whether public safety-net programs for the poor have shrunk or increased nationwide, along with the sharp declines in cash assistance. Using state-level data between 1994 and 2002 and state fixed-effects model, this study examines changes in nine safety-net programs designed for low-income families with children along with decreases in support from Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC)/Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), and the results indicate that the decline in AFDC/TANF support was not associated with increases in support for the economic self-sufficiency of low-income families; safety-net programs for the poor shrunk during the 1996 reform. As there is an increasing need for an effective use of public dollars to assist the poor in the present recession, future researchers should turn their attention to the study of multiple safety-net policies.

KW - antipoverty policies

KW - low-income families with children

KW - state fixed-effect model

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84899651216&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84899651216&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/1098214013510199

DO - 10.1177/1098214013510199

M3 - Article

VL - 35

SP - 189

EP - 213

JO - American Journal of Evaluation

JF - American Journal of Evaluation

SN - 1098-2140

IS - 2

ER -