Sexual risk reduction among non-injection drug users: Report of a randomized controlled trial

Delivette Castor, Daniel J. Pilowsky, Bernadette Hadden, Crystal Fuller, Danielle C. Ompad, Cora L. De Leon, Greg Neils, Lori Hoepner, Howard F. Andrews, Carl Latkin, Donald R. Hoover

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We conducted a randomized controlled trial of a sexual risk-reduction intervention targeting non-injection drug users (NIDUs) and members of their drug-use/sexual networks (N=270). The intervention was based primarily on the social-influencing approach, and was delivered in four sessions. Sexual risk behaviors were examined at baseline, and 3, 6, 9, and 12 months after the completion of the intervention using the vaginal equivalent episodes (VEE), a weighted sexual risk behavior index. VEE scores decreased in both the active and control conditions in the first six months post-intervention and continued to decline in the control group. However, in the active condition, VEE scores increased after the nine-month assessment and approached baseline levels by the 12-month assessment. There was no evidence of significant differences in high-risk sexual behaviors between the intervention and control conditions. Future studies are needed to improve behavioral interventions in this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)62-70
Number of pages9
JournalAIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2010

Fingerprint

Risk Reduction Behavior
Risk-Taking
Drug Users
Sexual Behavior
Randomized Controlled Trials
drug
risk behavior
Control Groups
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Population
drug use
evidence
Group

Keywords

  • Non-injecting drug users
  • Sexual risk behaviors
  • Social networks

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health(social science)
  • Social Psychology

Cite this

Sexual risk reduction among non-injection drug users : Report of a randomized controlled trial. / Castor, Delivette; Pilowsky, Daniel J.; Hadden, Bernadette; Fuller, Crystal; Ompad, Danielle C.; De Leon, Cora L.; Neils, Greg; Hoepner, Lori; Andrews, Howard F.; Latkin, Carl; Hoover, Donald R.

In: AIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV, Vol. 22, No. 1, 01.2010, p. 62-70.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Castor, D, Pilowsky, DJ, Hadden, B, Fuller, C, Ompad, DC, De Leon, CL, Neils, G, Hoepner, L, Andrews, HF, Latkin, C & Hoover, DR 2010, 'Sexual risk reduction among non-injection drug users: Report of a randomized controlled trial', AIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 62-70. https://doi.org/10.1080/09540120903012510
Castor, Delivette ; Pilowsky, Daniel J. ; Hadden, Bernadette ; Fuller, Crystal ; Ompad, Danielle C. ; De Leon, Cora L. ; Neils, Greg ; Hoepner, Lori ; Andrews, Howard F. ; Latkin, Carl ; Hoover, Donald R. / Sexual risk reduction among non-injection drug users : Report of a randomized controlled trial. In: AIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV. 2010 ; Vol. 22, No. 1. pp. 62-70.
@article{0eda2abebf434fb1bb66aeff02b3fad7,
title = "Sexual risk reduction among non-injection drug users: Report of a randomized controlled trial",
abstract = "We conducted a randomized controlled trial of a sexual risk-reduction intervention targeting non-injection drug users (NIDUs) and members of their drug-use/sexual networks (N=270). The intervention was based primarily on the social-influencing approach, and was delivered in four sessions. Sexual risk behaviors were examined at baseline, and 3, 6, 9, and 12 months after the completion of the intervention using the vaginal equivalent episodes (VEE), a weighted sexual risk behavior index. VEE scores decreased in both the active and control conditions in the first six months post-intervention and continued to decline in the control group. However, in the active condition, VEE scores increased after the nine-month assessment and approached baseline levels by the 12-month assessment. There was no evidence of significant differences in high-risk sexual behaviors between the intervention and control conditions. Future studies are needed to improve behavioral interventions in this population.",
keywords = "Non-injecting drug users, Sexual risk behaviors, Social networks",
author = "Delivette Castor and Pilowsky, {Daniel J.} and Bernadette Hadden and Crystal Fuller and Ompad, {Danielle C.} and {De Leon}, {Cora L.} and Greg Neils and Lori Hoepner and Andrews, {Howard F.} and Carl Latkin and Hoover, {Donald R.}",
year = "2010",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1080/09540120903012510",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "22",
pages = "62--70",
journal = "AIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV",
issn = "0954-0121",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Sexual risk reduction among non-injection drug users

T2 - Report of a randomized controlled trial

AU - Castor, Delivette

AU - Pilowsky, Daniel J.

AU - Hadden, Bernadette

AU - Fuller, Crystal

AU - Ompad, Danielle C.

AU - De Leon, Cora L.

AU - Neils, Greg

AU - Hoepner, Lori

AU - Andrews, Howard F.

AU - Latkin, Carl

AU - Hoover, Donald R.

PY - 2010/1

Y1 - 2010/1

N2 - We conducted a randomized controlled trial of a sexual risk-reduction intervention targeting non-injection drug users (NIDUs) and members of their drug-use/sexual networks (N=270). The intervention was based primarily on the social-influencing approach, and was delivered in four sessions. Sexual risk behaviors were examined at baseline, and 3, 6, 9, and 12 months after the completion of the intervention using the vaginal equivalent episodes (VEE), a weighted sexual risk behavior index. VEE scores decreased in both the active and control conditions in the first six months post-intervention and continued to decline in the control group. However, in the active condition, VEE scores increased after the nine-month assessment and approached baseline levels by the 12-month assessment. There was no evidence of significant differences in high-risk sexual behaviors between the intervention and control conditions. Future studies are needed to improve behavioral interventions in this population.

AB - We conducted a randomized controlled trial of a sexual risk-reduction intervention targeting non-injection drug users (NIDUs) and members of their drug-use/sexual networks (N=270). The intervention was based primarily on the social-influencing approach, and was delivered in four sessions. Sexual risk behaviors were examined at baseline, and 3, 6, 9, and 12 months after the completion of the intervention using the vaginal equivalent episodes (VEE), a weighted sexual risk behavior index. VEE scores decreased in both the active and control conditions in the first six months post-intervention and continued to decline in the control group. However, in the active condition, VEE scores increased after the nine-month assessment and approached baseline levels by the 12-month assessment. There was no evidence of significant differences in high-risk sexual behaviors between the intervention and control conditions. Future studies are needed to improve behavioral interventions in this population.

KW - Non-injecting drug users

KW - Sexual risk behaviors

KW - Social networks

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77949646389&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77949646389&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/09540120903012510

DO - 10.1080/09540120903012510

M3 - Article

C2 - 20390482

AN - SCOPUS:77949646389

VL - 22

SP - 62

EP - 70

JO - AIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV

JF - AIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV

SN - 0954-0121

IS - 1

ER -