Sex Disparity in Blood Pressure Levels Among Nigerian Health Workers

Abiodun M. Adeoye, Adewole Adebiyi, Mayowa O. Owolabi, Daniel T. Lackland, Gbenga Ogedegbe, Bamidele O. Tayo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Sex disparity in hypertension prevalence is well established in developed nations; however, there is paucity of data on the distribution of hypertension prevalence between the sexes in developing countries. Therefore, the authors examined sex differences in hypertension prevalence and cardiovascular risk factors in a sample of 352 healthy hospital workers in Nigeria. The mean ages of the men and women were 37.2±7.9 and 44.7±9.1 years, respectively. Thirty-five percent of participants were hypertensive, with 54% on treatment and 70% with controlled blood pressure. Men had a higher prevalence of hypertension (38.4% vs 33.0%) and prehypertension (37.6% vs 29.7%). Women had significantly higher odds of developing hypertension and of being on treatment. Mean blood pressure and fasting plasma glucose values were higher in men, while women were more often older, obese, and dyslipidemic and had a lower mean estimated glomerular filtration rate (P<.0001). These findings indicate sex disparity in blood pressure among hospital employees. Sex-focused management of hypertension is therefore advocated for hospital employees.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)685-689
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Clinical Hypertension
Volume18
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2016

    Fingerprint

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Adeoye, A. M., Adebiyi, A., Owolabi, M. O., Lackland, D. T., Ogedegbe, G., & Tayo, B. O. (2016). Sex Disparity in Blood Pressure Levels Among Nigerian Health Workers. Journal of Clinical Hypertension, 18(7), 685-689. https://doi.org/10.1111/jch.12735