Serial Position and Set Size in Short-Term Memory

The Time Course of Recognition

Brian McElree, Barbara Anne Dosher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Subjects viewed sequentially presented lists of 3-6 words, which were followed by a recognition probe. Memory retrieval speed (dynamics) and strength were measured in an interruption speed-accuracy trade-off (SAT) procedure and a collateral reaction time (RT) procedure. In SAT, item strengths depended on serial position, but only two retrieval speeds were observed: a fast rate for the last item in the study list (a case of immediate repetition between study and test) and a slow rate for all other items that was independent of serial position and set size. Serial-position-dependent strengths and set-size-dependent criterion shifts accounted for standard RT patterns that have been taken as evidence for serial scanning in short-term memory.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)346-373
Number of pages28
JournalJournal of Experimental Psychology: General
Volume118
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1989

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Short-Term Memory
Reaction Time
Recognition (Psychology)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Psychology(all)
  • Developmental Neuroscience

Cite this

Serial Position and Set Size in Short-Term Memory : The Time Course of Recognition. / McElree, Brian; Dosher, Barbara Anne.

In: Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, Vol. 118, No. 4, 12.1989, p. 346-373.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

McElree, Brian ; Dosher, Barbara Anne. / Serial Position and Set Size in Short-Term Memory : The Time Course of Recognition. In: Journal of Experimental Psychology: General. 1989 ; Vol. 118, No. 4. pp. 346-373.
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