Self-Reporting DSM-5/ICD-11 Clinically Significant Intimate Partner Violence and Child Abuse: Convergent and Response Process Validity

Richard Heyman, Jeffery D. Snarr, Amy Slep, Katherine J.W. Baucom, David J. Linkh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Fifth Edition (DSM-5) and International Classification of Diseases-11th Revision (ICD-11; proposed) now include criteria for clinically significant (a) intimate partner violence (IPV) and neglect and (b) child abuse and neglect. However, existing measures of IPV and child abuse do not allow for assessment of established criteria. The current study examines the convergent and response process validity of the Family Maltreatment (FM) measure of clinically significant physical and psychological IPV and child abuse. Participants (N = 126) completed the FM via computer and measures of IPV (Revised Conflict Tactics Scale; Straus, Hamby, Boney-McCoy, & Sugarman, 1996) and child abuse (Parent-Child Conflict Tactics Scale; Straus, Hamby, Finkelhor, Moore, & Runyan, 1998) via paper-andpencil. Participants who endorsed acts of aggression on the FM completed an audio-recorded computerized interview recounting the 2 most severe incidents. Verbalized incidents (n = 138) were coded for clinically significant family maltreatment. Results largely supported the convergent validity of the FM. Agreement of acts endorsed on the FM with those endorsed on convergent measures was excellent for IPV and physical child abuse, yet poor for psychological child abuse. Further, in support of the response process validity of the FM, comparison with observer ratings of interviews indicated few "false positives" and no "false negatives" on the FM across the examined types of clinically significant IPV and child abuse. In summary, the FM is a promising measure for the assessment of clinically significant physical and psychological abuse as defined in the DSM-5 and ICD-11 (proposed).

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Family Psychology
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

Child Abuse
Psychology
Interviews
Intimate Partner Violence
International Classification of Diseases
Aggression
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders

Keywords

  • Child maltreatment
  • Intimate partner violence
  • Physical abuse
  • Psychological abuse
  • Reliable criteria

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Self-Reporting DSM-5/ICD-11 Clinically Significant Intimate Partner Violence and Child Abuse : Convergent and Response Process Validity. / Heyman, Richard; Snarr, Jeffery D.; Slep, Amy; Baucom, Katherine J.W.; Linkh, David J.

In: Journal of Family Psychology, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{c76095cabef74bbc86fc7777981f77d2,
title = "Self-Reporting DSM-5/ICD-11 Clinically Significant Intimate Partner Violence and Child Abuse: Convergent and Response Process Validity",
abstract = "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Fifth Edition (DSM-5) and International Classification of Diseases-11th Revision (ICD-11; proposed) now include criteria for clinically significant (a) intimate partner violence (IPV) and neglect and (b) child abuse and neglect. However, existing measures of IPV and child abuse do not allow for assessment of established criteria. The current study examines the convergent and response process validity of the Family Maltreatment (FM) measure of clinically significant physical and psychological IPV and child abuse. Participants (N = 126) completed the FM via computer and measures of IPV (Revised Conflict Tactics Scale; Straus, Hamby, Boney-McCoy, & Sugarman, 1996) and child abuse (Parent-Child Conflict Tactics Scale; Straus, Hamby, Finkelhor, Moore, & Runyan, 1998) via paper-andpencil. Participants who endorsed acts of aggression on the FM completed an audio-recorded computerized interview recounting the 2 most severe incidents. Verbalized incidents (n = 138) were coded for clinically significant family maltreatment. Results largely supported the convergent validity of the FM. Agreement of acts endorsed on the FM with those endorsed on convergent measures was excellent for IPV and physical child abuse, yet poor for psychological child abuse. Further, in support of the response process validity of the FM, comparison with observer ratings of interviews indicated few {"}false positives{"} and no {"}false negatives{"} on the FM across the examined types of clinically significant IPV and child abuse. In summary, the FM is a promising measure for the assessment of clinically significant physical and psychological abuse as defined in the DSM-5 and ICD-11 (proposed).",
keywords = "Child maltreatment, Intimate partner violence, Physical abuse, Psychological abuse, Reliable criteria",
author = "Richard Heyman and Snarr, {Jeffery D.} and Amy Slep and Baucom, {Katherine J.W.} and Linkh, {David J.}",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1037/fam0000560",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "Journal of Family Psychology",
issn = "0893-3200",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Self-Reporting DSM-5/ICD-11 Clinically Significant Intimate Partner Violence and Child Abuse

T2 - Convergent and Response Process Validity

AU - Heyman, Richard

AU - Snarr, Jeffery D.

AU - Slep, Amy

AU - Baucom, Katherine J.W.

AU - Linkh, David J.

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Fifth Edition (DSM-5) and International Classification of Diseases-11th Revision (ICD-11; proposed) now include criteria for clinically significant (a) intimate partner violence (IPV) and neglect and (b) child abuse and neglect. However, existing measures of IPV and child abuse do not allow for assessment of established criteria. The current study examines the convergent and response process validity of the Family Maltreatment (FM) measure of clinically significant physical and psychological IPV and child abuse. Participants (N = 126) completed the FM via computer and measures of IPV (Revised Conflict Tactics Scale; Straus, Hamby, Boney-McCoy, & Sugarman, 1996) and child abuse (Parent-Child Conflict Tactics Scale; Straus, Hamby, Finkelhor, Moore, & Runyan, 1998) via paper-andpencil. Participants who endorsed acts of aggression on the FM completed an audio-recorded computerized interview recounting the 2 most severe incidents. Verbalized incidents (n = 138) were coded for clinically significant family maltreatment. Results largely supported the convergent validity of the FM. Agreement of acts endorsed on the FM with those endorsed on convergent measures was excellent for IPV and physical child abuse, yet poor for psychological child abuse. Further, in support of the response process validity of the FM, comparison with observer ratings of interviews indicated few "false positives" and no "false negatives" on the FM across the examined types of clinically significant IPV and child abuse. In summary, the FM is a promising measure for the assessment of clinically significant physical and psychological abuse as defined in the DSM-5 and ICD-11 (proposed).

AB - Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Fifth Edition (DSM-5) and International Classification of Diseases-11th Revision (ICD-11; proposed) now include criteria for clinically significant (a) intimate partner violence (IPV) and neglect and (b) child abuse and neglect. However, existing measures of IPV and child abuse do not allow for assessment of established criteria. The current study examines the convergent and response process validity of the Family Maltreatment (FM) measure of clinically significant physical and psychological IPV and child abuse. Participants (N = 126) completed the FM via computer and measures of IPV (Revised Conflict Tactics Scale; Straus, Hamby, Boney-McCoy, & Sugarman, 1996) and child abuse (Parent-Child Conflict Tactics Scale; Straus, Hamby, Finkelhor, Moore, & Runyan, 1998) via paper-andpencil. Participants who endorsed acts of aggression on the FM completed an audio-recorded computerized interview recounting the 2 most severe incidents. Verbalized incidents (n = 138) were coded for clinically significant family maltreatment. Results largely supported the convergent validity of the FM. Agreement of acts endorsed on the FM with those endorsed on convergent measures was excellent for IPV and physical child abuse, yet poor for psychological child abuse. Further, in support of the response process validity of the FM, comparison with observer ratings of interviews indicated few "false positives" and no "false negatives" on the FM across the examined types of clinically significant IPV and child abuse. In summary, the FM is a promising measure for the assessment of clinically significant physical and psychological abuse as defined in the DSM-5 and ICD-11 (proposed).

KW - Child maltreatment

KW - Intimate partner violence

KW - Physical abuse

KW - Psychological abuse

KW - Reliable criteria

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85069669910&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85069669910&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/fam0000560

DO - 10.1037/fam0000560

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85069669910

JO - Journal of Family Psychology

JF - Journal of Family Psychology

SN - 0893-3200

ER -