Self-reported bed bug infestation among New York City residents: Prevalence and risk factors

Nancy Ralph, Heidi E. Jones, Lorna Thorpe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Bed bug infestations have risen precipitously in urban areas. Little is known about risk factors for infestations or health outcomes resulting from these infestations. In the 2009 Community Health Survey, which is a representative population-based survey, 9,934 noninstitutionalized adults in New York City reported on bed bug infestations requiring an exterminator in the past year. The authors estimated infestation prevalence and explored predictors of infestation and associations between infestations and health outcomes using logistic regression. Seven percent of adults in New York City reported bed bug infestations. Significant individual and household risk factors were younger age, increased household poverty, and having three or more adults in the household. Environmental risk factors included living in high poverty neighborhoods and in buildings with more housing units, suggesting apartment-to-apartment transmission. Bed bug infestations were not associated with stress-related outcomes of alcohol consumption or recent depression, and, unlike cockroach infestation, were not associated with recent asthma episodes caused by allergens or contaminants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)38-45
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Environmental Health
Volume76
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2013

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Bedbugs
risk factor
Poverty
poverty
cockroach
Cockroaches
health survey
asthma
Health
Health Surveys
environmental risk
Alcohol Drinking
Allergens
alcohol
logistics
Asthma
urban area
Logistic Models
Depression
city

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Cite this

Self-reported bed bug infestation among New York City residents : Prevalence and risk factors. / Ralph, Nancy; Jones, Heidi E.; Thorpe, Lorna.

In: Journal of Environmental Health, Vol. 76, No. 1, 2013, p. 38-45.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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