Self-regulation: Principles and tools

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Motivation has been traditionally defined as energy (e.g., running speed) and direction (e.g., toward food), and the determinants of motivation as need (e.g., for food), expectation (e.g., cognitive map of the maze), and incentive value (e.g., quality of the food). When motivation toward attaining a desired future meets resistance or conflict, self-regulation becomes relevant. The use of effective self-regulation tools can support individuals in dealing with such resistance or conflict (e.g., obstacles, difficulties, temptations).We discuss various self-regulation tools and then focus on the effects and mechanisms of two of them: mental contrasting and forming implementation intentions. Recent interventions attest to the effectiveness of combining these two strategies: Mental contrasting with implementation intentions (MCII) is a time-and cost-effective tool that allows adolescents to master their everyday life and long-term development in a self-reliant way.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSelf-Regulation in Adolescence
PublisherCambridge University Press
Pages3-29
Number of pages27
ISBN (Print)9781139565790, 9781107036000
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Oettingen, G., & Gollwitzer, P. (2015). Self-regulation: Principles and tools. In Self-Regulation in Adolescence (pp. 3-29). Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139565790.002