Self-perceived loss of control and untreated dental decay in African American adults with and without sickle cell disease

Brian Laurence, Dexter Woods, David George, Onyinye Onyekwere, Ralph Katz, Sophie Lanzkron, Marie Diener-West, Neil Powe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the association between self-perceived loss of control as measured by dental external locus of control summary scores, with the amount of untreated dental decay in African American adults with sickle cell disease (SCD) and African Americans adults without SCD. The sample included 102 subjects with SCD and 103 subjects without SCD matched on age, sex, and recruitment location (mean age of all subjects 35.4 years, 55.6% female). Subjects with SCD in the highest quartile for dental external locus of control summary scores had 2.58-fold (CI 1.05, 6.34) as much untreated decay as those in the lowest quartile (p<.05) in multivariable analysis using the negative binomial regression model. For subjects without SCD, those in the highest quartile for dental external locus of control summary scores had 3.00-fold (CI 1.38, 6.49) as much untreated decay as those in the lowest quartile (p<.05) using similar analysis. This study showed that higher dental external locus of control is associated with increased untreated tooth decay, both for African Americans with and without SCD and that the magnitude of the association did not differ across groups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)641-651
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
Volume17
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2006

Fingerprint

Dental Caries
Sickle Cell Anemia
African Americans
Internal-External Control
Disease
locus of control
Tooth
Statistical Models
American
cross-sectional study
Cross-Sectional Studies
regression
Group

Keywords

  • African American
  • Dental caries
  • Locus of control
  • Sickle cell disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health Policy
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Self-perceived loss of control and untreated dental decay in African American adults with and without sickle cell disease. / Laurence, Brian; Woods, Dexter; George, David; Onyekwere, Onyinye; Katz, Ralph; Lanzkron, Sophie; Diener-West, Marie; Powe, Neil.

In: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved, Vol. 17, No. 3, 08.2006, p. 641-651.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Laurence, Brian ; Woods, Dexter ; George, David ; Onyekwere, Onyinye ; Katz, Ralph ; Lanzkron, Sophie ; Diener-West, Marie ; Powe, Neil. / Self-perceived loss of control and untreated dental decay in African American adults with and without sickle cell disease. In: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved. 2006 ; Vol. 17, No. 3. pp. 641-651.
@article{4c46322d9d3c49058b5b6df523d20bc4,
title = "Self-perceived loss of control and untreated dental decay in African American adults with and without sickle cell disease",
abstract = "The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the association between self-perceived loss of control as measured by dental external locus of control summary scores, with the amount of untreated dental decay in African American adults with sickle cell disease (SCD) and African Americans adults without SCD. The sample included 102 subjects with SCD and 103 subjects without SCD matched on age, sex, and recruitment location (mean age of all subjects 35.4 years, 55.6{\%} female). Subjects with SCD in the highest quartile for dental external locus of control summary scores had 2.58-fold (CI 1.05, 6.34) as much untreated decay as those in the lowest quartile (p<.05) in multivariable analysis using the negative binomial regression model. For subjects without SCD, those in the highest quartile for dental external locus of control summary scores had 3.00-fold (CI 1.38, 6.49) as much untreated decay as those in the lowest quartile (p<.05) using similar analysis. This study showed that higher dental external locus of control is associated with increased untreated tooth decay, both for African Americans with and without SCD and that the magnitude of the association did not differ across groups.",
keywords = "African American, Dental caries, Locus of control, Sickle cell disease",
author = "Brian Laurence and Dexter Woods and David George and Onyinye Onyekwere and Ralph Katz and Sophie Lanzkron and Marie Diener-West and Neil Powe",
year = "2006",
month = "8",
doi = "10.1353/hpu.2006.0107",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "17",
pages = "641--651",
journal = "Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved",
issn = "1049-2089",
publisher = "Johns Hopkins University Press",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Self-perceived loss of control and untreated dental decay in African American adults with and without sickle cell disease

AU - Laurence, Brian

AU - Woods, Dexter

AU - George, David

AU - Onyekwere, Onyinye

AU - Katz, Ralph

AU - Lanzkron, Sophie

AU - Diener-West, Marie

AU - Powe, Neil

PY - 2006/8

Y1 - 2006/8

N2 - The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the association between self-perceived loss of control as measured by dental external locus of control summary scores, with the amount of untreated dental decay in African American adults with sickle cell disease (SCD) and African Americans adults without SCD. The sample included 102 subjects with SCD and 103 subjects without SCD matched on age, sex, and recruitment location (mean age of all subjects 35.4 years, 55.6% female). Subjects with SCD in the highest quartile for dental external locus of control summary scores had 2.58-fold (CI 1.05, 6.34) as much untreated decay as those in the lowest quartile (p<.05) in multivariable analysis using the negative binomial regression model. For subjects without SCD, those in the highest quartile for dental external locus of control summary scores had 3.00-fold (CI 1.38, 6.49) as much untreated decay as those in the lowest quartile (p<.05) using similar analysis. This study showed that higher dental external locus of control is associated with increased untreated tooth decay, both for African Americans with and without SCD and that the magnitude of the association did not differ across groups.

AB - The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the association between self-perceived loss of control as measured by dental external locus of control summary scores, with the amount of untreated dental decay in African American adults with sickle cell disease (SCD) and African Americans adults without SCD. The sample included 102 subjects with SCD and 103 subjects without SCD matched on age, sex, and recruitment location (mean age of all subjects 35.4 years, 55.6% female). Subjects with SCD in the highest quartile for dental external locus of control summary scores had 2.58-fold (CI 1.05, 6.34) as much untreated decay as those in the lowest quartile (p<.05) in multivariable analysis using the negative binomial regression model. For subjects without SCD, those in the highest quartile for dental external locus of control summary scores had 3.00-fold (CI 1.38, 6.49) as much untreated decay as those in the lowest quartile (p<.05) using similar analysis. This study showed that higher dental external locus of control is associated with increased untreated tooth decay, both for African Americans with and without SCD and that the magnitude of the association did not differ across groups.

KW - African American

KW - Dental caries

KW - Locus of control

KW - Sickle cell disease

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33748933562&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33748933562&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1353/hpu.2006.0107

DO - 10.1353/hpu.2006.0107

M3 - Article

C2 - 16960327

AN - SCOPUS:33748933562

VL - 17

SP - 641

EP - 651

JO - Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved

JF - Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved

SN - 1049-2089

IS - 3

ER -