Selective Attention to In- and Out-Group Members Systematically Influences Intergroup Bias

Torsten Martiny-Huenger, Peter Gollwitzer, Gabriele Oettingen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We analyzed whether attending to versus ignoring in- and out-group members systematically influences intergroup bias. In two studies (N = 187), we manipulated attention by asking participants to count the appearance of in-group (or out-group) members in the presence of out-group (or in-group) distractors. Prior to and during the counting task, we assessed intergroup bias by having participants rate the group members on a liking scale. The results show that the change in intergroup bias from baseline to experimental ratings depended on the attention focus. Whereas counting in-group members (while ignoring the out-group) increased intergroup bias, counting out-group members (while ignoring the in-group) decreased intergroup bias. Thus, we provide evidence that consequences of goal-directed interactions with in- and out-group stimuli (i.e., exposure and selection) systematically influence intergroup bias. We propose that in future research these processes should be considered in addition to social–motivational factors in the analysis of intergroup bias.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)936-943
Number of pages8
JournalSocial Psychological and Personality Science
Volume5
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 13 2014

Fingerprint

Statistical Factor Analysis

Keywords

  • distractor devaluation effect
  • intergroup bias
  • mere exposure
  • selective attention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Selective Attention to In- and Out-Group Members Systematically Influences Intergroup Bias. / Martiny-Huenger, Torsten; Gollwitzer, Peter; Oettingen, Gabriele.

In: Social Psychological and Personality Science, Vol. 5, No. 8, 13.11.2014, p. 936-943.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{ca41fa89f82d4bb5854cb12fe89548f2,
title = "Selective Attention to In- and Out-Group Members Systematically Influences Intergroup Bias",
abstract = "We analyzed whether attending to versus ignoring in- and out-group members systematically influences intergroup bias. In two studies (N = 187), we manipulated attention by asking participants to count the appearance of in-group (or out-group) members in the presence of out-group (or in-group) distractors. Prior to and during the counting task, we assessed intergroup bias by having participants rate the group members on a liking scale. The results show that the change in intergroup bias from baseline to experimental ratings depended on the attention focus. Whereas counting in-group members (while ignoring the out-group) increased intergroup bias, counting out-group members (while ignoring the in-group) decreased intergroup bias. Thus, we provide evidence that consequences of goal-directed interactions with in- and out-group stimuli (i.e., exposure and selection) systematically influence intergroup bias. We propose that in future research these processes should be considered in addition to social–motivational factors in the analysis of intergroup bias.",
keywords = "distractor devaluation effect, intergroup bias, mere exposure, selective attention",
author = "Torsten Martiny-Huenger and Peter Gollwitzer and Gabriele Oettingen",
year = "2014",
month = "11",
day = "13",
doi = "10.1177/1948550614541296",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "5",
pages = "936--943",
journal = "Social Psychological and Personality Science",
issn = "1948-5506",
publisher = "Sage Periodicals Press",
number = "8",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Selective Attention to In- and Out-Group Members Systematically Influences Intergroup Bias

AU - Martiny-Huenger, Torsten

AU - Gollwitzer, Peter

AU - Oettingen, Gabriele

PY - 2014/11/13

Y1 - 2014/11/13

N2 - We analyzed whether attending to versus ignoring in- and out-group members systematically influences intergroup bias. In two studies (N = 187), we manipulated attention by asking participants to count the appearance of in-group (or out-group) members in the presence of out-group (or in-group) distractors. Prior to and during the counting task, we assessed intergroup bias by having participants rate the group members on a liking scale. The results show that the change in intergroup bias from baseline to experimental ratings depended on the attention focus. Whereas counting in-group members (while ignoring the out-group) increased intergroup bias, counting out-group members (while ignoring the in-group) decreased intergroup bias. Thus, we provide evidence that consequences of goal-directed interactions with in- and out-group stimuli (i.e., exposure and selection) systematically influence intergroup bias. We propose that in future research these processes should be considered in addition to social–motivational factors in the analysis of intergroup bias.

AB - We analyzed whether attending to versus ignoring in- and out-group members systematically influences intergroup bias. In two studies (N = 187), we manipulated attention by asking participants to count the appearance of in-group (or out-group) members in the presence of out-group (or in-group) distractors. Prior to and during the counting task, we assessed intergroup bias by having participants rate the group members on a liking scale. The results show that the change in intergroup bias from baseline to experimental ratings depended on the attention focus. Whereas counting in-group members (while ignoring the out-group) increased intergroup bias, counting out-group members (while ignoring the in-group) decreased intergroup bias. Thus, we provide evidence that consequences of goal-directed interactions with in- and out-group stimuli (i.e., exposure and selection) systematically influence intergroup bias. We propose that in future research these processes should be considered in addition to social–motivational factors in the analysis of intergroup bias.

KW - distractor devaluation effect

KW - intergroup bias

KW - mere exposure

KW - selective attention

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84910103428&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84910103428&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/1948550614541296

DO - 10.1177/1948550614541296

M3 - Article

VL - 5

SP - 936

EP - 943

JO - Social Psychological and Personality Science

JF - Social Psychological and Personality Science

SN - 1948-5506

IS - 8

ER -