Seismic constraints on the radial dependence of the internal rotation profiles of six Kepler subgiants and young red giants

S. Deheuvels, G. Doǧan, M. J. Goupil, T. Appourchaux, Othman Benomar, H. Bruntt, T. L. Campante, L. Casagrande, T. Ceillier, G. R. Davies, P. De Cat, J. N. Fu, R. A. García, A. Lobel, B. Mosser, D. R. Reese, C. Regulo, J. Schou, T. Stahn, A. O. Thygesen & 8 others X. H. Yang, W. J. Chaplin, J. Christensen-Dalsgaard, P. Eggenberger, Laurent Gizon, S. Mathis, J. Molenda-Zakowicz, M. Pinsonneault

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Context. We still do not understand which physical mechanisms are responsible for the transport of angular momentum inside stars. The recent detection of mixed modes that contain the clear signature of rotation in the spectra of Kepler subgiants and red giants gives us the opportunity to make progress on this question. Aims. Our aim is to probe the radial dependence of the rotation profiles for a sample of Kepler targets. For this purpose, subgiants and early red giants are particularly interesting targets because their rotational splittings are more sensitive to the rotation outside the deeper core than is the case for their more evolved counterparts. Methods. We first extracted the rotational splittings and frequencies of the modes for six young Kepler red giants. We then performed a seismic modeling of these stars using the evolutionary codes Cesam2k and astec. By using the observed splittings and the rotational kernels of the optimal models, we inverted the internal rotation profiles of the six stars. Results. We obtain estimates of the core rotation rates for these stars, and upper limits to the rotation in their convective envelope. We show that the rotation contrast between the core and the envelope increases during the subgiant branch. Our results also suggest that the core of subgiants spins up with time, while their envelope spins down. For two of the stars, we show that a discontinuous rotation profile with a deep discontinuity reproduces the observed splittings significantly better than a smooth rotation profile. Interestingly, the depths that are found to be most probable for the discontinuities roughly coincide with the location of the H-burning shell, which separates the layers that contract from those that expand. Conclusions. We characterized the differential rotation pattern of six young giants with a range of metallicities, and with both radiative and convective cores on the main sequence. This will bring observational constraints to the scenarios of angular momentum transport in stars. Moreover, if the existence of sharp gradients in the rotation profiles of young red giants is confirmed, it is expected to help in distinguishing between the physical processes that could transport angular momentum in the subgiant and red giant branches.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Article numberA27
    JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
    Volume564
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

    Fingerprint

    profiles
    stars
    angular momentum
    envelopes
    discontinuity
    young
    metallicity
    probe
    signatures
    shell
    gradients
    probes
    estimates
    modeling

    Keywords

    • Asteroseismology
    • Stars: evolution
    • Stars: interiors
    • Stars: rotation

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Astronomy and Astrophysics
    • Space and Planetary Science

    Cite this

    Deheuvels, S., Doǧan, G., Goupil, M. J., Appourchaux, T., Benomar, O., Bruntt, H., ... Pinsonneault, M. (2014). Seismic constraints on the radial dependence of the internal rotation profiles of six Kepler subgiants and young red giants. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 564, [A27]. https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201322779

    Seismic constraints on the radial dependence of the internal rotation profiles of six Kepler subgiants and young red giants. / Deheuvels, S.; Doǧan, G.; Goupil, M. J.; Appourchaux, T.; Benomar, Othman; Bruntt, H.; Campante, T. L.; Casagrande, L.; Ceillier, T.; Davies, G. R.; De Cat, P.; Fu, J. N.; García, R. A.; Lobel, A.; Mosser, B.; Reese, D. R.; Regulo, C.; Schou, J.; Stahn, T.; Thygesen, A. O.; Yang, X. H.; Chaplin, W. J.; Christensen-Dalsgaard, J.; Eggenberger, P.; Gizon, Laurent; Mathis, S.; Molenda-Zakowicz, J.; Pinsonneault, M.

    In: Astronomy and Astrophysics, Vol. 564, A27, 01.01.2014.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Deheuvels, S, Doǧan, G, Goupil, MJ, Appourchaux, T, Benomar, O, Bruntt, H, Campante, TL, Casagrande, L, Ceillier, T, Davies, GR, De Cat, P, Fu, JN, García, RA, Lobel, A, Mosser, B, Reese, DR, Regulo, C, Schou, J, Stahn, T, Thygesen, AO, Yang, XH, Chaplin, WJ, Christensen-Dalsgaard, J, Eggenberger, P, Gizon, L, Mathis, S, Molenda-Zakowicz, J & Pinsonneault, M 2014, 'Seismic constraints on the radial dependence of the internal rotation profiles of six Kepler subgiants and young red giants', Astronomy and Astrophysics, vol. 564, A27. https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201322779
    Deheuvels, S. ; Doǧan, G. ; Goupil, M. J. ; Appourchaux, T. ; Benomar, Othman ; Bruntt, H. ; Campante, T. L. ; Casagrande, L. ; Ceillier, T. ; Davies, G. R. ; De Cat, P. ; Fu, J. N. ; García, R. A. ; Lobel, A. ; Mosser, B. ; Reese, D. R. ; Regulo, C. ; Schou, J. ; Stahn, T. ; Thygesen, A. O. ; Yang, X. H. ; Chaplin, W. J. ; Christensen-Dalsgaard, J. ; Eggenberger, P. ; Gizon, Laurent ; Mathis, S. ; Molenda-Zakowicz, J. ; Pinsonneault, M. / Seismic constraints on the radial dependence of the internal rotation profiles of six Kepler subgiants and young red giants. In: Astronomy and Astrophysics. 2014 ; Vol. 564.
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    abstract = "Context. We still do not understand which physical mechanisms are responsible for the transport of angular momentum inside stars. The recent detection of mixed modes that contain the clear signature of rotation in the spectra of Kepler subgiants and red giants gives us the opportunity to make progress on this question. Aims. Our aim is to probe the radial dependence of the rotation profiles for a sample of Kepler targets. For this purpose, subgiants and early red giants are particularly interesting targets because their rotational splittings are more sensitive to the rotation outside the deeper core than is the case for their more evolved counterparts. Methods. We first extracted the rotational splittings and frequencies of the modes for six young Kepler red giants. We then performed a seismic modeling of these stars using the evolutionary codes Cesam2k and astec. By using the observed splittings and the rotational kernels of the optimal models, we inverted the internal rotation profiles of the six stars. Results. We obtain estimates of the core rotation rates for these stars, and upper limits to the rotation in their convective envelope. We show that the rotation contrast between the core and the envelope increases during the subgiant branch. Our results also suggest that the core of subgiants spins up with time, while their envelope spins down. For two of the stars, we show that a discontinuous rotation profile with a deep discontinuity reproduces the observed splittings significantly better than a smooth rotation profile. Interestingly, the depths that are found to be most probable for the discontinuities roughly coincide with the location of the H-burning shell, which separates the layers that contract from those that expand. Conclusions. We characterized the differential rotation pattern of six young giants with a range of metallicities, and with both radiative and convective cores on the main sequence. This will bring observational constraints to the scenarios of angular momentum transport in stars. Moreover, if the existence of sharp gradients in the rotation profiles of young red giants is confirmed, it is expected to help in distinguishing between the physical processes that could transport angular momentum in the subgiant and red giant branches.",
    keywords = "Asteroseismology, Stars: evolution, Stars: interiors, Stars: rotation",
    author = "S. Deheuvels and G. Doǧan and Goupil, {M. J.} and T. Appourchaux and Othman Benomar and H. Bruntt and Campante, {T. L.} and L. Casagrande and T. Ceillier and Davies, {G. R.} and {De Cat}, P. and Fu, {J. N.} and Garc{\'i}a, {R. A.} and A. Lobel and B. Mosser and Reese, {D. R.} and C. Regulo and J. Schou and T. Stahn and Thygesen, {A. O.} and Yang, {X. H.} and Chaplin, {W. J.} and J. Christensen-Dalsgaard and P. Eggenberger and Laurent Gizon and S. Mathis and J. Molenda-Zakowicz and M. Pinsonneault",
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    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Seismic constraints on the radial dependence of the internal rotation profiles of six Kepler subgiants and young red giants

    AU - Deheuvels, S.

    AU - Doǧan, G.

    AU - Goupil, M. J.

    AU - Appourchaux, T.

    AU - Benomar, Othman

    AU - Bruntt, H.

    AU - Campante, T. L.

    AU - Casagrande, L.

    AU - Ceillier, T.

    AU - Davies, G. R.

    AU - De Cat, P.

    AU - Fu, J. N.

    AU - García, R. A.

    AU - Lobel, A.

    AU - Mosser, B.

    AU - Reese, D. R.

    AU - Regulo, C.

    AU - Schou, J.

    AU - Stahn, T.

    AU - Thygesen, A. O.

    AU - Yang, X. H.

    AU - Chaplin, W. J.

    AU - Christensen-Dalsgaard, J.

    AU - Eggenberger, P.

    AU - Gizon, Laurent

    AU - Mathis, S.

    AU - Molenda-Zakowicz, J.

    AU - Pinsonneault, M.

    PY - 2014/1/1

    Y1 - 2014/1/1

    N2 - Context. We still do not understand which physical mechanisms are responsible for the transport of angular momentum inside stars. The recent detection of mixed modes that contain the clear signature of rotation in the spectra of Kepler subgiants and red giants gives us the opportunity to make progress on this question. Aims. Our aim is to probe the radial dependence of the rotation profiles for a sample of Kepler targets. For this purpose, subgiants and early red giants are particularly interesting targets because their rotational splittings are more sensitive to the rotation outside the deeper core than is the case for their more evolved counterparts. Methods. We first extracted the rotational splittings and frequencies of the modes for six young Kepler red giants. We then performed a seismic modeling of these stars using the evolutionary codes Cesam2k and astec. By using the observed splittings and the rotational kernels of the optimal models, we inverted the internal rotation profiles of the six stars. Results. We obtain estimates of the core rotation rates for these stars, and upper limits to the rotation in their convective envelope. We show that the rotation contrast between the core and the envelope increases during the subgiant branch. Our results also suggest that the core of subgiants spins up with time, while their envelope spins down. For two of the stars, we show that a discontinuous rotation profile with a deep discontinuity reproduces the observed splittings significantly better than a smooth rotation profile. Interestingly, the depths that are found to be most probable for the discontinuities roughly coincide with the location of the H-burning shell, which separates the layers that contract from those that expand. Conclusions. We characterized the differential rotation pattern of six young giants with a range of metallicities, and with both radiative and convective cores on the main sequence. This will bring observational constraints to the scenarios of angular momentum transport in stars. Moreover, if the existence of sharp gradients in the rotation profiles of young red giants is confirmed, it is expected to help in distinguishing between the physical processes that could transport angular momentum in the subgiant and red giant branches.

    AB - Context. We still do not understand which physical mechanisms are responsible for the transport of angular momentum inside stars. The recent detection of mixed modes that contain the clear signature of rotation in the spectra of Kepler subgiants and red giants gives us the opportunity to make progress on this question. Aims. Our aim is to probe the radial dependence of the rotation profiles for a sample of Kepler targets. For this purpose, subgiants and early red giants are particularly interesting targets because their rotational splittings are more sensitive to the rotation outside the deeper core than is the case for their more evolved counterparts. Methods. We first extracted the rotational splittings and frequencies of the modes for six young Kepler red giants. We then performed a seismic modeling of these stars using the evolutionary codes Cesam2k and astec. By using the observed splittings and the rotational kernels of the optimal models, we inverted the internal rotation profiles of the six stars. Results. We obtain estimates of the core rotation rates for these stars, and upper limits to the rotation in their convective envelope. We show that the rotation contrast between the core and the envelope increases during the subgiant branch. Our results also suggest that the core of subgiants spins up with time, while their envelope spins down. For two of the stars, we show that a discontinuous rotation profile with a deep discontinuity reproduces the observed splittings significantly better than a smooth rotation profile. Interestingly, the depths that are found to be most probable for the discontinuities roughly coincide with the location of the H-burning shell, which separates the layers that contract from those that expand. Conclusions. We characterized the differential rotation pattern of six young giants with a range of metallicities, and with both radiative and convective cores on the main sequence. This will bring observational constraints to the scenarios of angular momentum transport in stars. Moreover, if the existence of sharp gradients in the rotation profiles of young red giants is confirmed, it is expected to help in distinguishing between the physical processes that could transport angular momentum in the subgiant and red giant branches.

    KW - Asteroseismology

    KW - Stars: evolution

    KW - Stars: interiors

    KW - Stars: rotation

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    JO - Astronomy and Astrophysics

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    SN - 0004-6361

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