Secure biometric templates from fingerprint-face features

Yagiz Sutcu, Qiming Li, Nasir Memon

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Since biometric data cannot be easily replaced or revoked, it is important that biometric templates used in biometric applications should be constructed and stored in a secure way, such that attackers would not be able to forge biometric data easily even when the templates are compromised. This is a challenging goal since biometric data are "noisy" by nature, and the matching algorithms are often complex, which make it difficult to apply traditional cryptographic techniques, especially when multiple modalities are considered. In this paper, we consider a "fusion" of a minutiae-based fingerprint authentication scheme and an SVD-based face authentication scheme, and show that by employing a recently proposed cryptographic primitive called "secure sketch", and a known geometric transformation on minutiae, we can make it easier to combine different modalities, and at the same time make it computationally infeasible to forge an "original" combination of fingerprint and face image that passes the authentication. We evaluate the effectiveness of our scheme using real fingerprints and face images from publicly available sources.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2007 IEEE Computer Society Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, CVPR'07
DOIs
StatePublished - 2007
Event2007 IEEE Computer Society Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, CVPR'07 - Minneapolis, MN, United States
Duration: Jun 17 2007Jun 22 2007

Other

Other2007 IEEE Computer Society Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, CVPR'07
CountryUnited States
CityMinneapolis, MN
Period6/17/076/22/07

Fingerprint

Biometrics
Authentication
Singular value decomposition
Fusion reactions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Software
  • Control and Systems Engineering

Cite this

Sutcu, Y., Li, Q., & Memon, N. (2007). Secure biometric templates from fingerprint-face features. In 2007 IEEE Computer Society Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, CVPR'07 [4270383] https://doi.org/10.1109/CVPR.2007.383385

Secure biometric templates from fingerprint-face features. / Sutcu, Yagiz; Li, Qiming; Memon, Nasir.

2007 IEEE Computer Society Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, CVPR'07. 2007. 4270383.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Sutcu, Y, Li, Q & Memon, N 2007, Secure biometric templates from fingerprint-face features. in 2007 IEEE Computer Society Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, CVPR'07., 4270383, 2007 IEEE Computer Society Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, CVPR'07, Minneapolis, MN, United States, 6/17/07. https://doi.org/10.1109/CVPR.2007.383385
Sutcu Y, Li Q, Memon N. Secure biometric templates from fingerprint-face features. In 2007 IEEE Computer Society Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, CVPR'07. 2007. 4270383 https://doi.org/10.1109/CVPR.2007.383385
Sutcu, Yagiz ; Li, Qiming ; Memon, Nasir. / Secure biometric templates from fingerprint-face features. 2007 IEEE Computer Society Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, CVPR'07. 2007.
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