Searching for soft relativistic jets in core-collapse supernovae with the IceCube optical follow-up program

R. Abbasi, Y. Abdou, T. Abu-Zayyad, M. Ackermann, J. Adams, J. A. Aguilar, M. Ahlers, M. M. Allen, D. Altmann, K. Andeen, J. Auffenberg, X. Bai, M. Baker, S. W. Barwick, R. Bay, J. L. Bazo Alba, K. Beattie, J. J. Beatty, S. Bechet, J. K. Becker & 243 others K. H. Becker, Mohamed Lotfi Benabderrhmane, S. Benzvi, J. Berdermann, P. Berghaus, D. Berley, E. Bernardini, D. Bertrand, D. Z. Besson, D. Bindig, M. Bissok, E. Blaufuss, J. Blumenthal, D. J. Boersma, C. Bohm, D. Bose, S. Böser, O. Botner, A. M. Brown, S. Buitink, K. S. Caballero-Mora, M. Carson, D. Chirkin, B. Christy, F. Clevermann, S. Cohen, C. Colnard, D. F. Cowen, A. H. Cruz Silva, M. V. D'Agostino, M. Danninger, J. Daughhetee, J. C. Davis, C. De Clercq, T. Degner, L. Demirörs, F. Descamps, P. Desiati, G. De Vries-Uiterweerd, T. Deyoung, J. C. Díaz-Vélez, M. Dierckxsens, J. Dreyer, J. P. Dumm, M. Dunkman, J. Eisch, R. W. Ellsworth, O. Engdegård, S. Euler, P. A. Evenson, O. Fadiran, A. R. Fazely, A. Fedynitch, J. Feintzeig, T. Feusels, K. Filimonov, C. Finley, T. Fischer-Wasels, B. D. Fox, A. Franckowiak, R. Franke, T. K. Gaisser, J. Gallagher, L. Gerhardt, L. Gladstone, T. Glüsenkamp, A. Goldschmidt, J. A. Goodman, D. Góra, D. Grant, T. Griesel, A. Groß, S. Grullon, M. Gurtner, C. Ha, A. Haj Ismail, A. Hallgren, F. Halzen, K. Han, K. Hanson, D. Heinen, K. Helbing, R. Hellauer, P. Herquet, S. Hickford, G. C. Hill, K. D. Hoffman, B. Hoffmann, A. Homeier, K. Hoshina, W. Huelsnitz, J. P. Hülß, P. O. Hulth, K. Hultqvist, S. Hussain, A. Ishihara, E. Jacobi, J. Jacobsen, G. S. Japaridze, H. Johansson, K. H. Kampert, A. Kappes, T. Karg, A. Karle, P. Kenny, J. Kiryluk, F. Kislat, S. R. Klein, J. H. Köhne, G. Kohnen, H. Kolanoski, L. Köpke, S. Kopper, D. J. Koskinen, M. Kowalski, T. Kowarik, M. Krasberg, G. Kroll, N. Kurahashi, T. Kuwabara, M. Labare, K. Laihem, H. Landsman, M. J. Larson, R. Lauer, J. Lünemann, J. Madsen, A. Marotta, R. Maruyama, K. Mase, H. S. Matis, K. Meagher, M. Merck, P. Mészáros, T. Meures, S. Miarecki, E. Middell, N. Milke, J. Miller, T. Montaruli, R. Morse, S. M. Movit, R. Nahnhauer, J. W. Nam, U. Naumann, D. R. Nygren, S. Odrowski, A. Olivas, M. Olivo, A. O'Murchadha, S. Panknin, L. Paul, C. Pérez De Los Heros, J. Petrovic, A. Piegsa, D. Pieloth, R. Porrata, J. Posselt, P. B. Price, G. T. Przybylski, K. Rawlins, P. Redl, E. Resconi, W. Rhode, M. Ribordy, M. Richman, J. P. Rodrigues, F. Rothmaier, C. Rott, T. Ruhe, D. Rutledge, B. Ruzybayev, D. Ryckbosch, H. G. Sander, M. Santander, S. Sarkar, K. Schatto, T. Schmidt, A. Schönwald, A. Schukraft, A. Schultes, O. Schulz, M. Schunck, D. Seckel, B. Semburg, S. H. Seo, Y. Sestayo, S. Seunarine, A. Silvestri, G. M. Spiczak, C. Spiering, M. Stamatikos, T. Stanev, T. Stezelberger, R. G. Stokstad, A. Stössl, E. A. Strahler, R. Ström, M. Stüer, G. W. Sullivan, Q. Swillens, H. Taavola, I. Taboada, A. Tamburro, S. Ter-Antonyan, S. Tilav, P. A. Toale, S. Toscano, D. Tosi, N. Van Eijndhoven, J. Vandenbroucke, A. Van Overloop, J. Van Santen, M. Vehring, M. Voge, C. Walck, T. Waldenmaier, M. Wallraff, M. Walter, Ch Weaver, C. Wendt, S. Westerhoff, N. Whitehorn, K. Wiebe, C. H. Wiebusch, D. R. Williams, R. Wischnewski, H. Wissing, M. Wolf, T. R. Wood, K. Woschnagg, C. Xu, D. L. Xu, X. W. Xu, J. P. Yanez, G. Yodh, S. Yoshida, P. Zarzhitsky, M. Zoll, C. W. Akerlof, S. B. Pandey, F. Yuan, W. Zheng

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Context. Transient neutrino sources such as gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) and supernovae (SNe) are hypothesized to emit bursts of high-energy neutrinos on a time-scale of ≲ 100 s. While GRB neutrinos would be produced in high relativistic jets, core-collapse SNe might host soft-relativistic jets, which become stalled in the outer layers of the progenitor star leading to an efficient production of high-energy neutrinos. Aims. To increase the sensitivity to these neutrinos and identify their sources, a low-threshold optical follow-up program for neutrino multiplets detected with the IceCube observatory has been implemented. Methods. If a neutrino multiplet, i.e. two or more neutrinos from the same direction within 100 s, is found by IceCube a trigger is sent to the Robotic Optical Transient Search Experiment, ROTSE. The 4 ROTSE telescopes immediately start an observation program of the corresponding region of the sky in order to detect an optical counterpart to the neutrino events. Results. No statistically significant excess in the rate of neutrino multiplets has been observed and furthermore no coincidence with an optical counterpart was found. Conclusions. The search allows, for the first time, to set stringent limits on current models predicting a high-energy neutrino flux from soft relativistic hadronic jets in core-collapse SNe. We conclude that a sub-population of SNe with typical Lorentz boost factor and jet energy of 10 and 3 × 1051 erg, respectively, does not exceed 4.2% at 90% confidence.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Article numberA60
    JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
    Volume539
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jan 1 2012

    Fingerprint

    supernovae
    neutrinos
    energy
    robotics
    energy flux
    subpopulation
    erg
    fine structure
    observatory
    gamma ray bursts
    timescale
    programme
    experiment
    acceleration (physics)
    sky
    confidence
    bursts
    observatories
    actuators
    telescopes

    Keywords

    • Gamma-ray burst: general
    • Neutrinos
    • Supernovae: general

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Astronomy and Astrophysics
    • Space and Planetary Science

    Cite this

    Abbasi, R., Abdou, Y., Abu-Zayyad, T., Ackermann, M., Adams, J., Aguilar, J. A., ... Zheng, W. (2012). Searching for soft relativistic jets in core-collapse supernovae with the IceCube optical follow-up program. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 539, [A60]. https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201118071

    Searching for soft relativistic jets in core-collapse supernovae with the IceCube optical follow-up program. / Abbasi, R.; Abdou, Y.; Abu-Zayyad, T.; Ackermann, M.; Adams, J.; Aguilar, J. A.; Ahlers, M.; Allen, M. M.; Altmann, D.; Andeen, K.; Auffenberg, J.; Bai, X.; Baker, M.; Barwick, S. W.; Bay, R.; Bazo Alba, J. L.; Beattie, K.; Beatty, J. J.; Bechet, S.; Becker, J. K.; Becker, K. H.; Lotfi Benabderrhmane, Mohamed; Benzvi, S.; Berdermann, J.; Berghaus, P.; Berley, D.; Bernardini, E.; Bertrand, D.; Besson, D. Z.; Bindig, D.; Bissok, M.; Blaufuss, E.; Blumenthal, J.; Boersma, D. J.; Bohm, C.; Bose, D.; Böser, S.; Botner, O.; Brown, A. M.; Buitink, S.; Caballero-Mora, K. S.; Carson, M.; Chirkin, D.; Christy, B.; Clevermann, F.; Cohen, S.; Colnard, C.; Cowen, D. F.; Cruz Silva, A. H.; D'Agostino, M. V.; Danninger, M.; Daughhetee, J.; Davis, J. C.; De Clercq, C.; Degner, T.; Demirörs, L.; Descamps, F.; Desiati, P.; De Vries-Uiterweerd, G.; Deyoung, T.; Díaz-Vélez, J. C.; Dierckxsens, M.; Dreyer, J.; Dumm, J. P.; Dunkman, M.; Eisch, J.; Ellsworth, R. W.; Engdegård, O.; Euler, S.; Evenson, P. A.; Fadiran, O.; Fazely, A. R.; Fedynitch, A.; Feintzeig, J.; Feusels, T.; Filimonov, K.; Finley, C.; Fischer-Wasels, T.; Fox, B. D.; Franckowiak, A.; Franke, R.; Gaisser, T. K.; Gallagher, J.; Gerhardt, L.; Gladstone, L.; Glüsenkamp, T.; Goldschmidt, A.; Goodman, J. A.; Góra, D.; Grant, D.; Griesel, T.; Groß, A.; Grullon, S.; Gurtner, M.; Ha, C.; Haj Ismail, A.; Hallgren, A.; Halzen, F.; Han, K.; Hanson, K.; Heinen, D.; Helbing, K.; Hellauer, R.; Herquet, P.; Hickford, S.; Hill, G. C.; Hoffman, K. D.; Hoffmann, B.; Homeier, A.; Hoshina, K.; Huelsnitz, W.; Hülß, J. P.; Hulth, P. O.; Hultqvist, K.; Hussain, S.; Ishihara, A.; Jacobi, E.; Jacobsen, J.; Japaridze, G. S.; Johansson, H.; Kampert, K. H.; Kappes, A.; Karg, T.; Karle, A.; Kenny, P.; Kiryluk, J.; Kislat, F.; Klein, S. R.; Köhne, J. H.; Kohnen, G.; Kolanoski, H.; Köpke, L.; Kopper, S.; Koskinen, D. J.; Kowalski, M.; Kowarik, T.; Krasberg, M.; Kroll, G.; Kurahashi, N.; Kuwabara, T.; Labare, M.; Laihem, K.; Landsman, H.; Larson, M. J.; Lauer, R.; Lünemann, J.; Madsen, J.; Marotta, A.; Maruyama, R.; Mase, K.; Matis, H. S.; Meagher, K.; Merck, M.; Mészáros, P.; Meures, T.; Miarecki, S.; Middell, E.; Milke, N.; Miller, J.; Montaruli, T.; Morse, R.; Movit, S. M.; Nahnhauer, R.; Nam, J. W.; Naumann, U.; Nygren, D. R.; Odrowski, S.; Olivas, A.; Olivo, M.; O'Murchadha, A.; Panknin, S.; Paul, L.; Pérez De Los Heros, C.; Petrovic, J.; Piegsa, A.; Pieloth, D.; Porrata, R.; Posselt, J.; Price, P. B.; Przybylski, G. T.; Rawlins, K.; Redl, P.; Resconi, E.; Rhode, W.; Ribordy, M.; Richman, M.; Rodrigues, J. P.; Rothmaier, F.; Rott, C.; Ruhe, T.; Rutledge, D.; Ruzybayev, B.; Ryckbosch, D.; Sander, H. G.; Santander, M.; Sarkar, S.; Schatto, K.; Schmidt, T.; Schönwald, A.; Schukraft, A.; Schultes, A.; Schulz, O.; Schunck, M.; Seckel, D.; Semburg, B.; Seo, S. H.; Sestayo, Y.; Seunarine, S.; Silvestri, A.; Spiczak, G. M.; Spiering, C.; Stamatikos, M.; Stanev, T.; Stezelberger, T.; Stokstad, R. G.; Stössl, A.; Strahler, E. A.; Ström, R.; Stüer, M.; Sullivan, G. W.; Swillens, Q.; Taavola, H.; Taboada, I.; Tamburro, A.; Ter-Antonyan, S.; Tilav, S.; Toale, P. A.; Toscano, S.; Tosi, D.; Van Eijndhoven, N.; Vandenbroucke, J.; Van Overloop, A.; Van Santen, J.; Vehring, M.; Voge, M.; Walck, C.; Waldenmaier, T.; Wallraff, M.; Walter, M.; Weaver, Ch; Wendt, C.; Westerhoff, S.; Whitehorn, N.; Wiebe, K.; Wiebusch, C. H.; Williams, D. R.; Wischnewski, R.; Wissing, H.; Wolf, M.; Wood, T. R.; Woschnagg, K.; Xu, C.; Xu, D. L.; Xu, X. W.; Yanez, J. P.; Yodh, G.; Yoshida, S.; Zarzhitsky, P.; Zoll, M.; Akerlof, C. W.; Pandey, S. B.; Yuan, F.; Zheng, W.

    In: Astronomy and Astrophysics, Vol. 539, A60, 01.01.2012.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abbasi, R, Abdou, Y, Abu-Zayyad, T, Ackermann, M, Adams, J, Aguilar, JA, Ahlers, M, Allen, MM, Altmann, D, Andeen, K, Auffenberg, J, Bai, X, Baker, M, Barwick, SW, Bay, R, Bazo Alba, JL, Beattie, K, Beatty, JJ, Bechet, S, Becker, JK, Becker, KH, Lotfi Benabderrhmane, M, Benzvi, S, Berdermann, J, Berghaus, P, Berley, D, Bernardini, E, Bertrand, D, Besson, DZ, Bindig, D, Bissok, M, Blaufuss, E, Blumenthal, J, Boersma, DJ, Bohm, C, Bose, D, Böser, S, Botner, O, Brown, AM, Buitink, S, Caballero-Mora, KS, Carson, M, Chirkin, D, Christy, B, Clevermann, F, Cohen, S, Colnard, C, Cowen, DF, Cruz Silva, AH, D'Agostino, MV, Danninger, M, Daughhetee, J, Davis, JC, De Clercq, C, Degner, T, Demirörs, L, Descamps, F, Desiati, P, De Vries-Uiterweerd, G, Deyoung, T, Díaz-Vélez, JC, Dierckxsens, M, Dreyer, J, Dumm, JP, Dunkman, M, Eisch, J, Ellsworth, RW, Engdegård, O, Euler, S, Evenson, PA, Fadiran, O, Fazely, AR, Fedynitch, A, Feintzeig, J, Feusels, T, Filimonov, K, Finley, C, Fischer-Wasels, T, Fox, BD, Franckowiak, A, Franke, R, Gaisser, TK, Gallagher, J, Gerhardt, L, Gladstone, L, Glüsenkamp, T, Goldschmidt, A, Goodman, JA, Góra, D, Grant, D, Griesel, T, Groß, A, Grullon, S, Gurtner, M, Ha, C, Haj Ismail, A, Hallgren, A, Halzen, F, Han, K, Hanson, K, Heinen, D, Helbing, K, Hellauer, R, Herquet, P, Hickford, S, Hill, GC, Hoffman, KD, Hoffmann, B, Homeier, A, Hoshina, K, Huelsnitz, W, Hülß, JP, Hulth, PO, Hultqvist, K, Hussain, S, Ishihara, A, Jacobi, E, Jacobsen, J, Japaridze, GS, Johansson, H, Kampert, KH, Kappes, A, Karg, T, Karle, A, Kenny, P, Kiryluk, J, Kislat, F, Klein, SR, Köhne, JH, Kohnen, G, Kolanoski, H, Köpke, L, Kopper, S, Koskinen, DJ, Kowalski, M, Kowarik, T, Krasberg, M, Kroll, G, Kurahashi, N, Kuwabara, T, Labare, M, Laihem, K, Landsman, H, Larson, MJ, Lauer, R, Lünemann, J, Madsen, J, Marotta, A, Maruyama, R, Mase, K, Matis, HS, Meagher, K, Merck, M, Mészáros, P, Meures, T, Miarecki, S, Middell, E, Milke, N, Miller, J, Montaruli, T, Morse, R, Movit, SM, Nahnhauer, R, Nam, JW, Naumann, U, Nygren, DR, Odrowski, S, Olivas, A, Olivo, M, O'Murchadha, A, Panknin, S, Paul, L, Pérez De Los Heros, C, Petrovic, J, Piegsa, A, Pieloth, D, Porrata, R, Posselt, J, Price, PB, Przybylski, GT, Rawlins, K, Redl, P, Resconi, E, Rhode, W, Ribordy, M, Richman, M, Rodrigues, JP, Rothmaier, F, Rott, C, Ruhe, T, Rutledge, D, Ruzybayev, B, Ryckbosch, D, Sander, HG, Santander, M, Sarkar, S, Schatto, K, Schmidt, T, Schönwald, A, Schukraft, A, Schultes, A, Schulz, O, Schunck, M, Seckel, D, Semburg, B, Seo, SH, Sestayo, Y, Seunarine, S, Silvestri, A, Spiczak, GM, Spiering, C, Stamatikos, M, Stanev, T, Stezelberger, T, Stokstad, RG, Stössl, A, Strahler, EA, Ström, R, Stüer, M, Sullivan, GW, Swillens, Q, Taavola, H, Taboada, I, Tamburro, A, Ter-Antonyan, S, Tilav, S, Toale, PA, Toscano, S, Tosi, D, Van Eijndhoven, N, Vandenbroucke, J, Van Overloop, A, Van Santen, J, Vehring, M, Voge, M, Walck, C, Waldenmaier, T, Wallraff, M, Walter, M, Weaver, C, Wendt, C, Westerhoff, S, Whitehorn, N, Wiebe, K, Wiebusch, CH, Williams, DR, Wischnewski, R, Wissing, H, Wolf, M, Wood, TR, Woschnagg, K, Xu, C, Xu, DL, Xu, XW, Yanez, JP, Yodh, G, Yoshida, S, Zarzhitsky, P, Zoll, M, Akerlof, CW, Pandey, SB, Yuan, F & Zheng, W 2012, 'Searching for soft relativistic jets in core-collapse supernovae with the IceCube optical follow-up program', Astronomy and Astrophysics, vol. 539, A60. https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201118071
    Abbasi, R. ; Abdou, Y. ; Abu-Zayyad, T. ; Ackermann, M. ; Adams, J. ; Aguilar, J. A. ; Ahlers, M. ; Allen, M. M. ; Altmann, D. ; Andeen, K. ; Auffenberg, J. ; Bai, X. ; Baker, M. ; Barwick, S. W. ; Bay, R. ; Bazo Alba, J. L. ; Beattie, K. ; Beatty, J. J. ; Bechet, S. ; Becker, J. K. ; Becker, K. H. ; Lotfi Benabderrhmane, Mohamed ; Benzvi, S. ; Berdermann, J. ; Berghaus, P. ; Berley, D. ; Bernardini, E. ; Bertrand, D. ; Besson, D. Z. ; Bindig, D. ; Bissok, M. ; Blaufuss, E. ; Blumenthal, J. ; Boersma, D. J. ; Bohm, C. ; Bose, D. ; Böser, S. ; Botner, O. ; Brown, A. M. ; Buitink, S. ; Caballero-Mora, K. S. ; Carson, M. ; Chirkin, D. ; Christy, B. ; Clevermann, F. ; Cohen, S. ; Colnard, C. ; Cowen, D. F. ; Cruz Silva, A. H. ; D'Agostino, M. V. ; Danninger, M. ; Daughhetee, J. ; Davis, J. C. ; De Clercq, C. ; Degner, T. ; Demirörs, L. ; Descamps, F. ; Desiati, P. ; De Vries-Uiterweerd, G. ; Deyoung, T. ; Díaz-Vélez, J. C. ; Dierckxsens, M. ; Dreyer, J. ; Dumm, J. P. ; Dunkman, M. ; Eisch, J. ; Ellsworth, R. W. ; Engdegård, O. ; Euler, S. ; Evenson, P. A. ; Fadiran, O. ; Fazely, A. R. ; Fedynitch, A. ; Feintzeig, J. ; Feusels, T. ; Filimonov, K. ; Finley, C. ; Fischer-Wasels, T. ; Fox, B. D. ; Franckowiak, A. ; Franke, R. ; Gaisser, T. K. ; Gallagher, J. ; Gerhardt, L. ; Gladstone, L. ; Glüsenkamp, T. ; Goldschmidt, A. ; Goodman, J. A. ; Góra, D. ; Grant, D. ; Griesel, T. ; Groß, A. ; Grullon, S. ; Gurtner, M. ; Ha, C. ; Haj Ismail, A. ; Hallgren, A. ; Halzen, F. ; Han, K. ; Hanson, K. ; Heinen, D. ; Helbing, K. ; Hellauer, R. ; Herquet, P. ; Hickford, S. ; Hill, G. C. ; Hoffman, K. D. ; Hoffmann, B. ; Homeier, A. ; Hoshina, K. ; Huelsnitz, W. ; Hülß, J. P. ; Hulth, P. O. ; Hultqvist, K. ; Hussain, S. ; Ishihara, A. ; Jacobi, E. ; Jacobsen, J. ; Japaridze, G. S. ; Johansson, H. ; Kampert, K. H. ; Kappes, A. ; Karg, T. ; Karle, A. ; Kenny, P. ; Kiryluk, J. ; Kislat, F. ; Klein, S. R. ; Köhne, J. H. ; Kohnen, G. ; Kolanoski, H. ; Köpke, L. ; Kopper, S. ; Koskinen, D. J. ; Kowalski, M. ; Kowarik, T. ; Krasberg, M. ; Kroll, G. ; Kurahashi, N. ; Kuwabara, T. ; Labare, M. ; Laihem, K. ; Landsman, H. ; Larson, M. J. ; Lauer, R. ; Lünemann, J. ; Madsen, J. ; Marotta, A. ; Maruyama, R. ; Mase, K. ; Matis, H. S. ; Meagher, K. ; Merck, M. ; Mészáros, P. ; Meures, T. ; Miarecki, S. ; Middell, E. ; Milke, N. ; Miller, J. ; Montaruli, T. ; Morse, R. ; Movit, S. M. ; Nahnhauer, R. ; Nam, J. W. ; Naumann, U. ; Nygren, D. R. ; Odrowski, S. ; Olivas, A. ; Olivo, M. ; O'Murchadha, A. ; Panknin, S. ; Paul, L. ; Pérez De Los Heros, C. ; Petrovic, J. ; Piegsa, A. ; Pieloth, D. ; Porrata, R. ; Posselt, J. ; Price, P. B. ; Przybylski, G. T. ; Rawlins, K. ; Redl, P. ; Resconi, E. ; Rhode, W. ; Ribordy, M. ; Richman, M. ; Rodrigues, J. P. ; Rothmaier, F. ; Rott, C. ; Ruhe, T. ; Rutledge, D. ; Ruzybayev, B. ; Ryckbosch, D. ; Sander, H. G. ; Santander, M. ; Sarkar, S. ; Schatto, K. ; Schmidt, T. ; Schönwald, A. ; Schukraft, A. ; Schultes, A. ; Schulz, O. ; Schunck, M. ; Seckel, D. ; Semburg, B. ; Seo, S. H. ; Sestayo, Y. ; Seunarine, S. ; Silvestri, A. ; Spiczak, G. M. ; Spiering, C. ; Stamatikos, M. ; Stanev, T. ; Stezelberger, T. ; Stokstad, R. G. ; Stössl, A. ; Strahler, E. A. ; Ström, R. ; Stüer, M. ; Sullivan, G. W. ; Swillens, Q. ; Taavola, H. ; Taboada, I. ; Tamburro, A. ; Ter-Antonyan, S. ; Tilav, S. ; Toale, P. A. ; Toscano, S. ; Tosi, D. ; Van Eijndhoven, N. ; Vandenbroucke, J. ; Van Overloop, A. ; Van Santen, J. ; Vehring, M. ; Voge, M. ; Walck, C. ; Waldenmaier, T. ; Wallraff, M. ; Walter, M. ; Weaver, Ch ; Wendt, C. ; Westerhoff, S. ; Whitehorn, N. ; Wiebe, K. ; Wiebusch, C. H. ; Williams, D. R. ; Wischnewski, R. ; Wissing, H. ; Wolf, M. ; Wood, T. R. ; Woschnagg, K. ; Xu, C. ; Xu, D. L. ; Xu, X. W. ; Yanez, J. P. ; Yodh, G. ; Yoshida, S. ; Zarzhitsky, P. ; Zoll, M. ; Akerlof, C. W. ; Pandey, S. B. ; Yuan, F. ; Zheng, W. / Searching for soft relativistic jets in core-collapse supernovae with the IceCube optical follow-up program. In: Astronomy and Astrophysics. 2012 ; Vol. 539.
    @article{0c3168429d8f4adab50dc6c1bb06ee5d,
    title = "Searching for soft relativistic jets in core-collapse supernovae with the IceCube optical follow-up program",
    abstract = "Context. Transient neutrino sources such as gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) and supernovae (SNe) are hypothesized to emit bursts of high-energy neutrinos on a time-scale of ≲ 100 s. While GRB neutrinos would be produced in high relativistic jets, core-collapse SNe might host soft-relativistic jets, which become stalled in the outer layers of the progenitor star leading to an efficient production of high-energy neutrinos. Aims. To increase the sensitivity to these neutrinos and identify their sources, a low-threshold optical follow-up program for neutrino multiplets detected with the IceCube observatory has been implemented. Methods. If a neutrino multiplet, i.e. two or more neutrinos from the same direction within 100 s, is found by IceCube a trigger is sent to the Robotic Optical Transient Search Experiment, ROTSE. The 4 ROTSE telescopes immediately start an observation program of the corresponding region of the sky in order to detect an optical counterpart to the neutrino events. Results. No statistically significant excess in the rate of neutrino multiplets has been observed and furthermore no coincidence with an optical counterpart was found. Conclusions. The search allows, for the first time, to set stringent limits on current models predicting a high-energy neutrino flux from soft relativistic hadronic jets in core-collapse SNe. We conclude that a sub-population of SNe with typical Lorentz boost factor and jet energy of 10 and 3 × 1051 erg, respectively, does not exceed 4.2{\%} at 90{\%} confidence.",
    keywords = "Gamma-ray burst: general, Neutrinos, Supernovae: general",
    author = "R. Abbasi and Y. Abdou and T. Abu-Zayyad and M. Ackermann and J. Adams and Aguilar, {J. A.} and M. Ahlers and Allen, {M. M.} and D. Altmann and K. Andeen and J. Auffenberg and X. Bai and M. Baker and Barwick, {S. W.} and R. Bay and {Bazo Alba}, {J. L.} and K. Beattie and Beatty, {J. J.} and S. Bechet and Becker, {J. K.} and Becker, {K. H.} and {Lotfi Benabderrhmane}, Mohamed and S. Benzvi and J. Berdermann and P. Berghaus and D. Berley and E. Bernardini and D. Bertrand and Besson, {D. Z.} and D. Bindig and M. Bissok and E. Blaufuss and J. Blumenthal and Boersma, {D. J.} and C. Bohm and D. Bose and S. B{\"o}ser and O. Botner and Brown, {A. M.} and S. Buitink and Caballero-Mora, {K. S.} and M. Carson and D. Chirkin and B. Christy and F. Clevermann and S. Cohen and C. Colnard and Cowen, {D. F.} and {Cruz Silva}, {A. H.} and D'Agostino, {M. V.} and M. Danninger and J. Daughhetee and Davis, {J. C.} and {De Clercq}, C. and T. Degner and L. Demir{\"o}rs and F. Descamps and P. Desiati and {De Vries-Uiterweerd}, G. and T. Deyoung and D{\'i}az-V{\'e}lez, {J. C.} and M. Dierckxsens and J. Dreyer and Dumm, {J. P.} and M. Dunkman and J. Eisch and Ellsworth, {R. W.} and O. Engdeg{\aa}rd and S. Euler and Evenson, {P. A.} and O. Fadiran and Fazely, {A. R.} and A. Fedynitch and J. Feintzeig and T. Feusels and K. Filimonov and C. Finley and T. Fischer-Wasels and Fox, {B. D.} and A. Franckowiak and R. Franke and Gaisser, {T. K.} and J. Gallagher and L. Gerhardt and L. Gladstone and T. Gl{\"u}senkamp and A. Goldschmidt and Goodman, {J. A.} and D. G{\'o}ra and D. Grant and T. Griesel and A. Gro{\ss} and S. Grullon and M. Gurtner and C. Ha and {Haj Ismail}, A. and A. Hallgren and F. Halzen and K. Han and K. Hanson and D. Heinen and K. Helbing and R. Hellauer and P. Herquet and S. Hickford and Hill, {G. C.} and Hoffman, {K. D.} and B. Hoffmann and A. Homeier and K. Hoshina and W. Huelsnitz and H{\"u}l{\ss}, {J. P.} and Hulth, {P. O.} and K. Hultqvist and S. Hussain and A. Ishihara and E. Jacobi and J. Jacobsen and Japaridze, {G. S.} and H. Johansson and Kampert, {K. H.} and A. Kappes and T. Karg and A. Karle and P. Kenny and J. Kiryluk and F. Kislat and Klein, {S. R.} and K{\"o}hne, {J. H.} and G. Kohnen and H. Kolanoski and L. K{\"o}pke and S. Kopper and Koskinen, {D. J.} and M. Kowalski and T. Kowarik and M. Krasberg and G. Kroll and N. Kurahashi and T. Kuwabara and M. Labare and K. Laihem and H. Landsman and Larson, {M. J.} and R. Lauer and J. L{\"u}nemann and J. Madsen and A. Marotta and R. Maruyama and K. Mase and Matis, {H. S.} and K. Meagher and M. Merck and P. M{\'e}sz{\'a}ros and T. Meures and S. Miarecki and E. Middell and N. Milke and J. Miller and T. Montaruli and R. Morse and Movit, {S. M.} and R. Nahnhauer and Nam, {J. W.} and U. Naumann and Nygren, {D. R.} and S. Odrowski and A. Olivas and M. Olivo and A. O'Murchadha and S. Panknin and L. Paul and {P{\'e}rez De Los Heros}, C. and J. Petrovic and A. Piegsa and D. Pieloth and R. Porrata and J. Posselt and Price, {P. B.} and Przybylski, {G. T.} and K. Rawlins and P. Redl and E. Resconi and W. Rhode and M. Ribordy and M. Richman and Rodrigues, {J. P.} and F. Rothmaier and C. Rott and T. Ruhe and D. Rutledge and B. Ruzybayev and D. Ryckbosch and Sander, {H. G.} and M. Santander and S. Sarkar and K. Schatto and T. Schmidt and A. Sch{\"o}nwald and A. Schukraft and A. Schultes and O. Schulz and M. Schunck and D. Seckel and B. Semburg and Seo, {S. H.} and Y. Sestayo and S. Seunarine and A. Silvestri and Spiczak, {G. M.} and C. Spiering and M. Stamatikos and T. Stanev and T. Stezelberger and Stokstad, {R. G.} and A. St{\"o}ssl and Strahler, {E. A.} and R. Str{\"o}m and M. St{\"u}er and Sullivan, {G. W.} and Q. Swillens and H. Taavola and I. Taboada and A. Tamburro and S. Ter-Antonyan and S. Tilav and Toale, {P. A.} and S. Toscano and D. Tosi and {Van Eijndhoven}, N. and J. Vandenbroucke and {Van Overloop}, A. and {Van Santen}, J. and M. Vehring and M. Voge and C. Walck and T. Waldenmaier and M. Wallraff and M. Walter and Ch Weaver and C. Wendt and S. Westerhoff and N. Whitehorn and K. Wiebe and Wiebusch, {C. H.} and Williams, {D. R.} and R. Wischnewski and H. Wissing and M. Wolf and Wood, {T. R.} and K. Woschnagg and C. Xu and Xu, {D. L.} and Xu, {X. W.} and Yanez, {J. P.} and G. Yodh and S. Yoshida and P. Zarzhitsky and M. Zoll and Akerlof, {C. W.} and Pandey, {S. B.} and F. Yuan and W. Zheng",
    year = "2012",
    month = "1",
    day = "1",
    doi = "10.1051/0004-6361/201118071",
    language = "English (US)",
    volume = "539",
    journal = "Astronomy and Astrophysics",
    issn = "0004-6361",
    publisher = "EDP Sciences",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Searching for soft relativistic jets in core-collapse supernovae with the IceCube optical follow-up program

    AU - Abbasi, R.

    AU - Abdou, Y.

    AU - Abu-Zayyad, T.

    AU - Ackermann, M.

    AU - Adams, J.

    AU - Aguilar, J. A.

    AU - Ahlers, M.

    AU - Allen, M. M.

    AU - Altmann, D.

    AU - Andeen, K.

    AU - Auffenberg, J.

    AU - Bai, X.

    AU - Baker, M.

    AU - Barwick, S. W.

    AU - Bay, R.

    AU - Bazo Alba, J. L.

    AU - Beattie, K.

    AU - Beatty, J. J.

    AU - Bechet, S.

    AU - Becker, J. K.

    AU - Becker, K. H.

    AU - Lotfi Benabderrhmane, Mohamed

    AU - Benzvi, S.

    AU - Berdermann, J.

    AU - Berghaus, P.

    AU - Berley, D.

    AU - Bernardini, E.

    AU - Bertrand, D.

    AU - Besson, D. Z.

    AU - Bindig, D.

    AU - Bissok, M.

    AU - Blaufuss, E.

    AU - Blumenthal, J.

    AU - Boersma, D. J.

    AU - Bohm, C.

    AU - Bose, D.

    AU - Böser, S.

    AU - Botner, O.

    AU - Brown, A. M.

    AU - Buitink, S.

    AU - Caballero-Mora, K. S.

    AU - Carson, M.

    AU - Chirkin, D.

    AU - Christy, B.

    AU - Clevermann, F.

    AU - Cohen, S.

    AU - Colnard, C.

    AU - Cowen, D. F.

    AU - Cruz Silva, A. H.

    AU - D'Agostino, M. V.

    AU - Danninger, M.

    AU - Daughhetee, J.

    AU - Davis, J. C.

    AU - De Clercq, C.

    AU - Degner, T.

    AU - Demirörs, L.

    AU - Descamps, F.

    AU - Desiati, P.

    AU - De Vries-Uiterweerd, G.

    AU - Deyoung, T.

    AU - Díaz-Vélez, J. C.

    AU - Dierckxsens, M.

    AU - Dreyer, J.

    AU - Dumm, J. P.

    AU - Dunkman, M.

    AU - Eisch, J.

    AU - Ellsworth, R. W.

    AU - Engdegård, O.

    AU - Euler, S.

    AU - Evenson, P. A.

    AU - Fadiran, O.

    AU - Fazely, A. R.

    AU - Fedynitch, A.

    AU - Feintzeig, J.

    AU - Feusels, T.

    AU - Filimonov, K.

    AU - Finley, C.

    AU - Fischer-Wasels, T.

    AU - Fox, B. D.

    AU - Franckowiak, A.

    AU - Franke, R.

    AU - Gaisser, T. K.

    AU - Gallagher, J.

    AU - Gerhardt, L.

    AU - Gladstone, L.

    AU - Glüsenkamp, T.

    AU - Goldschmidt, A.

    AU - Goodman, J. A.

    AU - Góra, D.

    AU - Grant, D.

    AU - Griesel, T.

    AU - Groß, A.

    AU - Grullon, S.

    AU - Gurtner, M.

    AU - Ha, C.

    AU - Haj Ismail, A.

    AU - Hallgren, A.

    AU - Halzen, F.

    AU - Han, K.

    AU - Hanson, K.

    AU - Heinen, D.

    AU - Helbing, K.

    AU - Hellauer, R.

    AU - Herquet, P.

    AU - Hickford, S.

    AU - Hill, G. C.

    AU - Hoffman, K. D.

    AU - Hoffmann, B.

    AU - Homeier, A.

    AU - Hoshina, K.

    AU - Huelsnitz, W.

    AU - Hülß, J. P.

    AU - Hulth, P. O.

    AU - Hultqvist, K.

    AU - Hussain, S.

    AU - Ishihara, A.

    AU - Jacobi, E.

    AU - Jacobsen, J.

    AU - Japaridze, G. S.

    AU - Johansson, H.

    AU - Kampert, K. H.

    AU - Kappes, A.

    AU - Karg, T.

    AU - Karle, A.

    AU - Kenny, P.

    AU - Kiryluk, J.

    AU - Kislat, F.

    AU - Klein, S. R.

    AU - Köhne, J. H.

    AU - Kohnen, G.

    AU - Kolanoski, H.

    AU - Köpke, L.

    AU - Kopper, S.

    AU - Koskinen, D. J.

    AU - Kowalski, M.

    AU - Kowarik, T.

    AU - Krasberg, M.

    AU - Kroll, G.

    AU - Kurahashi, N.

    AU - Kuwabara, T.

    AU - Labare, M.

    AU - Laihem, K.

    AU - Landsman, H.

    AU - Larson, M. J.

    AU - Lauer, R.

    AU - Lünemann, J.

    AU - Madsen, J.

    AU - Marotta, A.

    AU - Maruyama, R.

    AU - Mase, K.

    AU - Matis, H. S.

    AU - Meagher, K.

    AU - Merck, M.

    AU - Mészáros, P.

    AU - Meures, T.

    AU - Miarecki, S.

    AU - Middell, E.

    AU - Milke, N.

    AU - Miller, J.

    AU - Montaruli, T.

    AU - Morse, R.

    AU - Movit, S. M.

    AU - Nahnhauer, R.

    AU - Nam, J. W.

    AU - Naumann, U.

    AU - Nygren, D. R.

    AU - Odrowski, S.

    AU - Olivas, A.

    AU - Olivo, M.

    AU - O'Murchadha, A.

    AU - Panknin, S.

    AU - Paul, L.

    AU - Pérez De Los Heros, C.

    AU - Petrovic, J.

    AU - Piegsa, A.

    AU - Pieloth, D.

    AU - Porrata, R.

    AU - Posselt, J.

    AU - Price, P. B.

    AU - Przybylski, G. T.

    AU - Rawlins, K.

    AU - Redl, P.

    AU - Resconi, E.

    AU - Rhode, W.

    AU - Ribordy, M.

    AU - Richman, M.

    AU - Rodrigues, J. P.

    AU - Rothmaier, F.

    AU - Rott, C.

    AU - Ruhe, T.

    AU - Rutledge, D.

    AU - Ruzybayev, B.

    AU - Ryckbosch, D.

    AU - Sander, H. G.

    AU - Santander, M.

    AU - Sarkar, S.

    AU - Schatto, K.

    AU - Schmidt, T.

    AU - Schönwald, A.

    AU - Schukraft, A.

    AU - Schultes, A.

    AU - Schulz, O.

    AU - Schunck, M.

    AU - Seckel, D.

    AU - Semburg, B.

    AU - Seo, S. H.

    AU - Sestayo, Y.

    AU - Seunarine, S.

    AU - Silvestri, A.

    AU - Spiczak, G. M.

    AU - Spiering, C.

    AU - Stamatikos, M.

    AU - Stanev, T.

    AU - Stezelberger, T.

    AU - Stokstad, R. G.

    AU - Stössl, A.

    AU - Strahler, E. A.

    AU - Ström, R.

    AU - Stüer, M.

    AU - Sullivan, G. W.

    AU - Swillens, Q.

    AU - Taavola, H.

    AU - Taboada, I.

    AU - Tamburro, A.

    AU - Ter-Antonyan, S.

    AU - Tilav, S.

    AU - Toale, P. A.

    AU - Toscano, S.

    AU - Tosi, D.

    AU - Van Eijndhoven, N.

    AU - Vandenbroucke, J.

    AU - Van Overloop, A.

    AU - Van Santen, J.

    AU - Vehring, M.

    AU - Voge, M.

    AU - Walck, C.

    AU - Waldenmaier, T.

    AU - Wallraff, M.

    AU - Walter, M.

    AU - Weaver, Ch

    AU - Wendt, C.

    AU - Westerhoff, S.

    AU - Whitehorn, N.

    AU - Wiebe, K.

    AU - Wiebusch, C. H.

    AU - Williams, D. R.

    AU - Wischnewski, R.

    AU - Wissing, H.

    AU - Wolf, M.

    AU - Wood, T. R.

    AU - Woschnagg, K.

    AU - Xu, C.

    AU - Xu, D. L.

    AU - Xu, X. W.

    AU - Yanez, J. P.

    AU - Yodh, G.

    AU - Yoshida, S.

    AU - Zarzhitsky, P.

    AU - Zoll, M.

    AU - Akerlof, C. W.

    AU - Pandey, S. B.

    AU - Yuan, F.

    AU - Zheng, W.

    PY - 2012/1/1

    Y1 - 2012/1/1

    N2 - Context. Transient neutrino sources such as gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) and supernovae (SNe) are hypothesized to emit bursts of high-energy neutrinos on a time-scale of ≲ 100 s. While GRB neutrinos would be produced in high relativistic jets, core-collapse SNe might host soft-relativistic jets, which become stalled in the outer layers of the progenitor star leading to an efficient production of high-energy neutrinos. Aims. To increase the sensitivity to these neutrinos and identify their sources, a low-threshold optical follow-up program for neutrino multiplets detected with the IceCube observatory has been implemented. Methods. If a neutrino multiplet, i.e. two or more neutrinos from the same direction within 100 s, is found by IceCube a trigger is sent to the Robotic Optical Transient Search Experiment, ROTSE. The 4 ROTSE telescopes immediately start an observation program of the corresponding region of the sky in order to detect an optical counterpart to the neutrino events. Results. No statistically significant excess in the rate of neutrino multiplets has been observed and furthermore no coincidence with an optical counterpart was found. Conclusions. The search allows, for the first time, to set stringent limits on current models predicting a high-energy neutrino flux from soft relativistic hadronic jets in core-collapse SNe. We conclude that a sub-population of SNe with typical Lorentz boost factor and jet energy of 10 and 3 × 1051 erg, respectively, does not exceed 4.2% at 90% confidence.

    AB - Context. Transient neutrino sources such as gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) and supernovae (SNe) are hypothesized to emit bursts of high-energy neutrinos on a time-scale of ≲ 100 s. While GRB neutrinos would be produced in high relativistic jets, core-collapse SNe might host soft-relativistic jets, which become stalled in the outer layers of the progenitor star leading to an efficient production of high-energy neutrinos. Aims. To increase the sensitivity to these neutrinos and identify their sources, a low-threshold optical follow-up program for neutrino multiplets detected with the IceCube observatory has been implemented. Methods. If a neutrino multiplet, i.e. two or more neutrinos from the same direction within 100 s, is found by IceCube a trigger is sent to the Robotic Optical Transient Search Experiment, ROTSE. The 4 ROTSE telescopes immediately start an observation program of the corresponding region of the sky in order to detect an optical counterpart to the neutrino events. Results. No statistically significant excess in the rate of neutrino multiplets has been observed and furthermore no coincidence with an optical counterpart was found. Conclusions. The search allows, for the first time, to set stringent limits on current models predicting a high-energy neutrino flux from soft relativistic hadronic jets in core-collapse SNe. We conclude that a sub-population of SNe with typical Lorentz boost factor and jet energy of 10 and 3 × 1051 erg, respectively, does not exceed 4.2% at 90% confidence.

    KW - Gamma-ray burst: general

    KW - Neutrinos

    KW - Supernovae: general

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84863295832&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84863295832&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1051/0004-6361/201118071

    DO - 10.1051/0004-6361/201118071

    M3 - Article

    VL - 539

    JO - Astronomy and Astrophysics

    JF - Astronomy and Astrophysics

    SN - 0004-6361

    M1 - A60

    ER -