Searches for high-energy neutrino emission in the galaxy with the combined icecube-amanda detector

R. Abbasi, Y. Abdou, M. Ackermann, J. Adams, J. A. Aguilar, M. Ahlers, D. Altmann, K. Andeen, J. Auffenberg, X. Bai, M. Baker, S. W. Barwick, V. Baum, R. Bay, K. Beattie, J. J. Beatty, S. Bechet, J. Becker Tjus, K. H. Becker, M. Bell & 250 others Mohamed Lotfi Benabderrhmane, S. Benzvi, J. Berdermann, P. Berghaus, D. Berley, E. Bernardini, D. Bertrand, D. Z. Besson, D. Bindig, M. Bissok, E. Blaufuss, J. Blumenthal, D. J. Boersma, C. Bohm, D. Bose, S. Böser, O. Botner, L. Brayeur, A. M. Brown, R. Bruijn, J. Brunner, S. Buitink, M. Carson, J. Casey, M. Casier, D. Chirkin, B. Christy, F. Clevermann, S. Cohen, D. F. Cowen, A. H.Cruz Silva, M. Danninger, J. Daughhetee, J. C. Davis, C. De Clercq, F. Descamps, P. Desiati, G. De Vries-Uiterweerd, T. Deyoung, J. C. Díaz-Vélez, J. Dreyer, J. P. Dumm, M. Dunkman, R. Eagan, J. Eisch, R. W. Ellsworth, O. Engdegård, S. Euler, P. A. Evenson, O. Fadiran, A. R. Fazely, A. Fedynitch, J. Feintzeig, T. Feusels, K. Filimonov, C. Finley, T. Fischer-Wasels, S. Flis, A. Franckowiak, R. Franke, K. Frantzen, T. Fuchs, T. K. Gaisser, J. Gallagher, L. Gerhardt, L. Gladstone, T. Glüsenkamp, A. Goldschmidt, J. A. Goodman, D. Góra, D. Grant, A. Groß, S. Grullon, M. Gurtner, C. Ha, A. Haj Ismail, A. Hallgren, F. Halzen, K. Hanson, D. Heereman, P. Heimann, D. Heinen, K. Helbing, R. Hellauer, S. Hickford, G. C. Hill, K. D. Hoffman, R. Hoffmann, A. Homeier, K. Hoshina, W. Huelsnitz, P. O. Hulth, K. Hultqvist, S. Hussain, A. Ishihara, E. Jacobi, J. Jacobsen, G. S. Japaridze, O. Jlelati, A. Kappes, T. Karg, A. Karle, J. Kiryluk, F. Kislat, J. Kläs, S. R. Klein, J. H. Köhne, G. Kohnen, H. Kolanoski, L. Köpke, C. Kopper, S. Kopper, D. J. Koskinen, M. Kowalski, M. Krasberg, G. Kroll, J. Kunnen, N. Kurahashi, T. Kuwabara, M. Labare, K. Laihem, H. Landsman, M. J. Larson, R. Lauer, M. Lesiak-Bzdak, J. Lünemann, J. Madsen, R. Maruyama, K. Mase, H. S. Matis, F. McNally, K. Meagher, M. Merck, P. Mészáros, T. Meures, S. Miarecki, E. Middell, N. Milke, J. Miller, L. Mohrmann, T. Montaruli, R. Morse, S. M. Movit, R. Nahnhauer, U. Naumann, S. C. Nowicki, D. R. Nygren, A. Obertacke, S. Odrowski, A. Olivas, M. Olivo, A. O'Murchadha, S. Panknin, L. Paul, J. A. Pepper, C. Pérez De Los Heros, D. Pieloth, N. Pirk, J. Posselt, P. B. Price, G. T. Przybylski, L. Rädel, K. Rawlins, P. Redl, E. Resconi, W. Rhode, M. Ribordy, M. Richman, B. Riedel, J. P. Rodrigues, F. Rothmaier, C. Rott, T. Ruhe, B. Ruzybayev, D. Ryckbosch, S. M. Saba, T. Salameh, H. G. Sander, M. Santander, S. Sarkar, K. Schatto, M. Scheel, F. Scheriau, T. Schmidt, M. Schmitz, S. Schoenen, S. Schöneberg, L. Schönherr, A. Schönwald, A. Schukraft, L. Schulte, O. Schulz, D. Seckel, S. H. Seo, Y. Sestayo, S. Seunarine, M. W.E. Smith, M. Soiron, D. Soldin, G. M. Spiczak, C. Spiering, M. Stamatikos, T. Stanev, A. Stasik, T. Stezelberger, R. G. Stokstad, A. Stößl, E. A. Strahler, R. Ström, G. W. Sullivan, H. Taavola, I. Taboada, A. Tamburro, S. Ter-Antonyan, S. Tilav, P. A. Toale, S. Toscano, M. Usner, D. Van Der Drift, N. Van Eijndhoven, A. Van Overloop, J. Van Santen, M. Vehring, M. Voge, C. Walck, T. Waldenmaier, M. Wallraff, M. Walter, R. Wasserman, Ch Weaver, C. Wendt, S. Westerhoff, N. Whitehorn, K. Wiebe, C. H. Wiebusch, D. R. Williams, H. Wissing, M. Wolf, T. R. Wood, K. Woschnagg, C. Xu, D. L. Xu, X. W. Xu, J. P. Yanez, G. Yodh, S. Yoshida, P. Zarzhitsky, J. Ziemann, A. Zilles, M. Zoll

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We report on searches for neutrino sources at energies above 200 GeV in the Northern sky of the Galactic plane, using the data collected by the South Pole neutrino telescope, IceCube, and AMANDA. The Galactic region considered in this work includes the local arm toward the Cygnus region and our closest approach to the Perseus Arm. The searches are based on the data collected between 2007 and 2009. During this time AMANDA was an integrated part of IceCube, which was still under construction and operated with 22 strings (2007-2008) and 40 strings (2008-2009) of optical modules deployed in the ice. By combining the advantages of the larger IceCube detector with the lower energy threshold of the more compact AMANDA detector, we obtain an improved sensitivity at energies below ∼10 TeV with respect to previous searches. The analyses presented here are a scan for point sources within the Galactic plane, a search optimized for multiple and extended sources in the Cygnus region, which might be below the sensitivity of the point source scan, and studies of seven pre-selected neutrino source candidates. For one of them, Cygnus X-3, a time-dependent search for neutrino emission in coincidence with observed radio and X-ray flares has been performed. No evidence of a signal is found, and upper limits are reported for each of the searches. We investigate neutrino spectra proportional to E -2 and E -3 in order to cover the entire range of possible neutrino spectra. The steeply falling E -3 neutrino spectrum can also be used to approximate neutrino energy spectra with energy cutoffs below 50 TeV since these result in a similar energy distribution of events in the detector. For the region of the Galactic plane visible in the Northern sky, the 90% confidence level muon neutrino flux upper limits are in the range E 3 dN/dE ∼ 5.4-19.5 × 10-11 TeV2 cm-2 s-1 for point-like neutrino sources in the energy region [180.0 GeV-20.5 TeV]. These represent the most stringent upper limits for soft-spectra neutrino sources within the Galaxy reported to date.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number33
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume763
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 20 2013

Fingerprint

neutrinos
galaxies
detectors
energy
northern sky
point source
point sources
detector
strings
sensitivity
radio
ice
falling
flares
muons
confidence
energy distribution
energy spectra
poles
cut-off

Keywords

  • acceleration of particles
  • cosmic rays
  • neutrinos

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Abbasi, R., Abdou, Y., Ackermann, M., Adams, J., Aguilar, J. A., Ahlers, M., ... Zoll, M. (2013). Searches for high-energy neutrino emission in the galaxy with the combined icecube-amanda detector. Astrophysical Journal, 763(1), [33]. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/763/1/33

Searches for high-energy neutrino emission in the galaxy with the combined icecube-amanda detector. / Abbasi, R.; Abdou, Y.; Ackermann, M.; Adams, J.; Aguilar, J. A.; Ahlers, M.; Altmann, D.; Andeen, K.; Auffenberg, J.; Bai, X.; Baker, M.; Barwick, S. W.; Baum, V.; Bay, R.; Beattie, K.; Beatty, J. J.; Bechet, S.; Becker Tjus, J.; Becker, K. H.; Bell, M.; Lotfi Benabderrhmane, Mohamed; Benzvi, S.; Berdermann, J.; Berghaus, P.; Berley, D.; Bernardini, E.; Bertrand, D.; Besson, D. Z.; Bindig, D.; Bissok, M.; Blaufuss, E.; Blumenthal, J.; Boersma, D. J.; Bohm, C.; Bose, D.; Böser, S.; Botner, O.; Brayeur, L.; Brown, A. M.; Bruijn, R.; Brunner, J.; Buitink, S.; Carson, M.; Casey, J.; Casier, M.; Chirkin, D.; Christy, B.; Clevermann, F.; Cohen, S.; Cowen, D. F.; Silva, A. H.Cruz; Danninger, M.; Daughhetee, J.; Davis, J. C.; De Clercq, C.; Descamps, F.; Desiati, P.; De Vries-Uiterweerd, G.; Deyoung, T.; Díaz-Vélez, J. C.; Dreyer, J.; Dumm, J. P.; Dunkman, M.; Eagan, R.; Eisch, J.; Ellsworth, R. W.; Engdegård, O.; Euler, S.; Evenson, P. A.; Fadiran, O.; Fazely, A. R.; Fedynitch, A.; Feintzeig, J.; Feusels, T.; Filimonov, K.; Finley, C.; Fischer-Wasels, T.; Flis, S.; Franckowiak, A.; Franke, R.; Frantzen, K.; Fuchs, T.; Gaisser, T. K.; Gallagher, J.; Gerhardt, L.; Gladstone, L.; Glüsenkamp, T.; Goldschmidt, A.; Goodman, J. A.; Góra, D.; Grant, D.; Groß, A.; Grullon, S.; Gurtner, M.; Ha, C.; Ismail, A. Haj; Hallgren, A.; Halzen, F.; Hanson, K.; Heereman, D.; Heimann, P.; Heinen, D.; Helbing, K.; Hellauer, R.; Hickford, S.; Hill, G. C.; Hoffman, K. D.; Hoffmann, R.; Homeier, A.; Hoshina, K.; Huelsnitz, W.; Hulth, P. O.; Hultqvist, K.; Hussain, S.; Ishihara, A.; Jacobi, E.; Jacobsen, J.; Japaridze, G. S.; Jlelati, O.; Kappes, A.; Karg, T.; Karle, A.; Kiryluk, J.; Kislat, F.; Kläs, J.; Klein, S. R.; Köhne, J. H.; Kohnen, G.; Kolanoski, H.; Köpke, L.; Kopper, C.; Kopper, S.; Koskinen, D. J.; Kowalski, M.; Krasberg, M.; Kroll, G.; Kunnen, J.; Kurahashi, N.; Kuwabara, T.; Labare, M.; Laihem, K.; Landsman, H.; Larson, M. J.; Lauer, R.; Lesiak-Bzdak, M.; Lünemann, J.; Madsen, J.; Maruyama, R.; Mase, K.; Matis, H. S.; McNally, F.; Meagher, K.; Merck, M.; Mészáros, P.; Meures, T.; Miarecki, S.; Middell, E.; Milke, N.; Miller, J.; Mohrmann, L.; Montaruli, T.; Morse, R.; Movit, S. M.; Nahnhauer, R.; Naumann, U.; Nowicki, S. C.; Nygren, D. R.; Obertacke, A.; Odrowski, S.; Olivas, A.; Olivo, M.; O'Murchadha, A.; Panknin, S.; Paul, L.; Pepper, J. A.; Pérez De Los Heros, C.; Pieloth, D.; Pirk, N.; Posselt, J.; Price, P. B.; Przybylski, G. T.; Rädel, L.; Rawlins, K.; Redl, P.; Resconi, E.; Rhode, W.; Ribordy, M.; Richman, M.; Riedel, B.; Rodrigues, J. P.; Rothmaier, F.; Rott, C.; Ruhe, T.; Ruzybayev, B.; Ryckbosch, D.; Saba, S. M.; Salameh, T.; Sander, H. G.; Santander, M.; Sarkar, S.; Schatto, K.; Scheel, M.; Scheriau, F.; Schmidt, T.; Schmitz, M.; Schoenen, S.; Schöneberg, S.; Schönherr, L.; Schönwald, A.; Schukraft, A.; Schulte, L.; Schulz, O.; Seckel, D.; Seo, S. H.; Sestayo, Y.; Seunarine, S.; Smith, M. W.E.; Soiron, M.; Soldin, D.; Spiczak, G. M.; Spiering, C.; Stamatikos, M.; Stanev, T.; Stasik, A.; Stezelberger, T.; Stokstad, R. G.; Stößl, A.; Strahler, E. A.; Ström, R.; Sullivan, G. W.; Taavola, H.; Taboada, I.; Tamburro, A.; Ter-Antonyan, S.; Tilav, S.; Toale, P. A.; Toscano, S.; Usner, M.; Van Der Drift, D.; Van Eijndhoven, N.; Van Overloop, A.; Van Santen, J.; Vehring, M.; Voge, M.; Walck, C.; Waldenmaier, T.; Wallraff, M.; Walter, M.; Wasserman, R.; Weaver, Ch; Wendt, C.; Westerhoff, S.; Whitehorn, N.; Wiebe, K.; Wiebusch, C. H.; Williams, D. R.; Wissing, H.; Wolf, M.; Wood, T. R.; Woschnagg, K.; Xu, C.; Xu, D. L.; Xu, X. W.; Yanez, J. P.; Yodh, G.; Yoshida, S.; Zarzhitsky, P.; Ziemann, J.; Zilles, A.; Zoll, M.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 763, No. 1, 33, 20.01.2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abbasi, R, Abdou, Y, Ackermann, M, Adams, J, Aguilar, JA, Ahlers, M, Altmann, D, Andeen, K, Auffenberg, J, Bai, X, Baker, M, Barwick, SW, Baum, V, Bay, R, Beattie, K, Beatty, JJ, Bechet, S, Becker Tjus, J, Becker, KH, Bell, M, Lotfi Benabderrhmane, M, Benzvi, S, Berdermann, J, Berghaus, P, Berley, D, Bernardini, E, Bertrand, D, Besson, DZ, Bindig, D, Bissok, M, Blaufuss, E, Blumenthal, J, Boersma, DJ, Bohm, C, Bose, D, Böser, S, Botner, O, Brayeur, L, Brown, AM, Bruijn, R, Brunner, J, Buitink, S, Carson, M, Casey, J, Casier, M, Chirkin, D, Christy, B, Clevermann, F, Cohen, S, Cowen, DF, Silva, AHC, Danninger, M, Daughhetee, J, Davis, JC, De Clercq, C, Descamps, F, Desiati, P, De Vries-Uiterweerd, G, Deyoung, T, Díaz-Vélez, JC, Dreyer, J, Dumm, JP, Dunkman, M, Eagan, R, Eisch, J, Ellsworth, RW, Engdegård, O, Euler, S, Evenson, PA, Fadiran, O, Fazely, AR, Fedynitch, A, Feintzeig, J, Feusels, T, Filimonov, K, Finley, C, Fischer-Wasels, T, Flis, S, Franckowiak, A, Franke, R, Frantzen, K, Fuchs, T, Gaisser, TK, Gallagher, J, Gerhardt, L, Gladstone, L, Glüsenkamp, T, Goldschmidt, A, Goodman, JA, Góra, D, Grant, D, Groß, A, Grullon, S, Gurtner, M, Ha, C, Ismail, AH, Hallgren, A, Halzen, F, Hanson, K, Heereman, D, Heimann, P, Heinen, D, Helbing, K, Hellauer, R, Hickford, S, Hill, GC, Hoffman, KD, Hoffmann, R, Homeier, A, Hoshina, K, Huelsnitz, W, Hulth, PO, Hultqvist, K, Hussain, S, Ishihara, A, Jacobi, E, Jacobsen, J, Japaridze, GS, Jlelati, O, Kappes, A, Karg, T, Karle, A, Kiryluk, J, Kislat, F, Kläs, J, Klein, SR, Köhne, JH, Kohnen, G, Kolanoski, H, Köpke, L, Kopper, C, Kopper, S, Koskinen, DJ, Kowalski, M, Krasberg, M, Kroll, G, Kunnen, J, Kurahashi, N, Kuwabara, T, Labare, M, Laihem, K, Landsman, H, Larson, MJ, Lauer, R, Lesiak-Bzdak, M, Lünemann, J, Madsen, J, Maruyama, R, Mase, K, Matis, HS, McNally, F, Meagher, K, Merck, M, Mészáros, P, Meures, T, Miarecki, S, Middell, E, Milke, N, Miller, J, Mohrmann, L, Montaruli, T, Morse, R, Movit, SM, Nahnhauer, R, Naumann, U, Nowicki, SC, Nygren, DR, Obertacke, A, Odrowski, S, Olivas, A, Olivo, M, O'Murchadha, A, Panknin, S, Paul, L, Pepper, JA, Pérez De Los Heros, C, Pieloth, D, Pirk, N, Posselt, J, Price, PB, Przybylski, GT, Rädel, L, Rawlins, K, Redl, P, Resconi, E, Rhode, W, Ribordy, M, Richman, M, Riedel, B, Rodrigues, JP, Rothmaier, F, Rott, C, Ruhe, T, Ruzybayev, B, Ryckbosch, D, Saba, SM, Salameh, T, Sander, HG, Santander, M, Sarkar, S, Schatto, K, Scheel, M, Scheriau, F, Schmidt, T, Schmitz, M, Schoenen, S, Schöneberg, S, Schönherr, L, Schönwald, A, Schukraft, A, Schulte, L, Schulz, O, Seckel, D, Seo, SH, Sestayo, Y, Seunarine, S, Smith, MWE, Soiron, M, Soldin, D, Spiczak, GM, Spiering, C, Stamatikos, M, Stanev, T, Stasik, A, Stezelberger, T, Stokstad, RG, Stößl, A, Strahler, EA, Ström, R, Sullivan, GW, Taavola, H, Taboada, I, Tamburro, A, Ter-Antonyan, S, Tilav, S, Toale, PA, Toscano, S, Usner, M, Van Der Drift, D, Van Eijndhoven, N, Van Overloop, A, Van Santen, J, Vehring, M, Voge, M, Walck, C, Waldenmaier, T, Wallraff, M, Walter, M, Wasserman, R, Weaver, C, Wendt, C, Westerhoff, S, Whitehorn, N, Wiebe, K, Wiebusch, CH, Williams, DR, Wissing, H, Wolf, M, Wood, TR, Woschnagg, K, Xu, C, Xu, DL, Xu, XW, Yanez, JP, Yodh, G, Yoshida, S, Zarzhitsky, P, Ziemann, J, Zilles, A & Zoll, M 2013, 'Searches for high-energy neutrino emission in the galaxy with the combined icecube-amanda detector', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 763, no. 1, 33. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/763/1/33
Abbasi, R. ; Abdou, Y. ; Ackermann, M. ; Adams, J. ; Aguilar, J. A. ; Ahlers, M. ; Altmann, D. ; Andeen, K. ; Auffenberg, J. ; Bai, X. ; Baker, M. ; Barwick, S. W. ; Baum, V. ; Bay, R. ; Beattie, K. ; Beatty, J. J. ; Bechet, S. ; Becker Tjus, J. ; Becker, K. H. ; Bell, M. ; Lotfi Benabderrhmane, Mohamed ; Benzvi, S. ; Berdermann, J. ; Berghaus, P. ; Berley, D. ; Bernardini, E. ; Bertrand, D. ; Besson, D. Z. ; Bindig, D. ; Bissok, M. ; Blaufuss, E. ; Blumenthal, J. ; Boersma, D. J. ; Bohm, C. ; Bose, D. ; Böser, S. ; Botner, O. ; Brayeur, L. ; Brown, A. M. ; Bruijn, R. ; Brunner, J. ; Buitink, S. ; Carson, M. ; Casey, J. ; Casier, M. ; Chirkin, D. ; Christy, B. ; Clevermann, F. ; Cohen, S. ; Cowen, D. F. ; Silva, A. H.Cruz ; Danninger, M. ; Daughhetee, J. ; Davis, J. C. ; De Clercq, C. ; Descamps, F. ; Desiati, P. ; De Vries-Uiterweerd, G. ; Deyoung, T. ; Díaz-Vélez, J. C. ; Dreyer, J. ; Dumm, J. P. ; Dunkman, M. ; Eagan, R. ; Eisch, J. ; Ellsworth, R. W. ; Engdegård, O. ; Euler, S. ; Evenson, P. A. ; Fadiran, O. ; Fazely, A. R. ; Fedynitch, A. ; Feintzeig, J. ; Feusels, T. ; Filimonov, K. ; Finley, C. ; Fischer-Wasels, T. ; Flis, S. ; Franckowiak, A. ; Franke, R. ; Frantzen, K. ; Fuchs, T. ; Gaisser, T. K. ; Gallagher, J. ; Gerhardt, L. ; Gladstone, L. ; Glüsenkamp, T. ; Goldschmidt, A. ; Goodman, J. A. ; Góra, D. ; Grant, D. ; Groß, A. ; Grullon, S. ; Gurtner, M. ; Ha, C. ; Ismail, A. Haj ; Hallgren, A. ; Halzen, F. ; Hanson, K. ; Heereman, D. ; Heimann, P. ; Heinen, D. ; Helbing, K. ; Hellauer, R. ; Hickford, S. ; Hill, G. C. ; Hoffman, K. D. ; Hoffmann, R. ; Homeier, A. ; Hoshina, K. ; Huelsnitz, W. ; Hulth, P. O. ; Hultqvist, K. ; Hussain, S. ; Ishihara, A. ; Jacobi, E. ; Jacobsen, J. ; Japaridze, G. S. ; Jlelati, O. ; Kappes, A. ; Karg, T. ; Karle, A. ; Kiryluk, J. ; Kislat, F. ; Kläs, J. ; Klein, S. R. ; Köhne, J. H. ; Kohnen, G. ; Kolanoski, H. ; Köpke, L. ; Kopper, C. ; Kopper, S. ; Koskinen, D. J. ; Kowalski, M. ; Krasberg, M. ; Kroll, G. ; Kunnen, J. ; Kurahashi, N. ; Kuwabara, T. ; Labare, M. ; Laihem, K. ; Landsman, H. ; Larson, M. J. ; Lauer, R. ; Lesiak-Bzdak, M. ; Lünemann, J. ; Madsen, J. ; Maruyama, R. ; Mase, K. ; Matis, H. S. ; McNally, F. ; Meagher, K. ; Merck, M. ; Mészáros, P. ; Meures, T. ; Miarecki, S. ; Middell, E. ; Milke, N. ; Miller, J. ; Mohrmann, L. ; Montaruli, T. ; Morse, R. ; Movit, S. M. ; Nahnhauer, R. ; Naumann, U. ; Nowicki, S. C. ; Nygren, D. R. ; Obertacke, A. ; Odrowski, S. ; Olivas, A. ; Olivo, M. ; O'Murchadha, A. ; Panknin, S. ; Paul, L. ; Pepper, J. A. ; Pérez De Los Heros, C. ; Pieloth, D. ; Pirk, N. ; Posselt, J. ; Price, P. B. ; Przybylski, G. T. ; Rädel, L. ; Rawlins, K. ; Redl, P. ; Resconi, E. ; Rhode, W. ; Ribordy, M. ; Richman, M. ; Riedel, B. ; Rodrigues, J. P. ; Rothmaier, F. ; Rott, C. ; Ruhe, T. ; Ruzybayev, B. ; Ryckbosch, D. ; Saba, S. M. ; Salameh, T. ; Sander, H. G. ; Santander, M. ; Sarkar, S. ; Schatto, K. ; Scheel, M. ; Scheriau, F. ; Schmidt, T. ; Schmitz, M. ; Schoenen, S. ; Schöneberg, S. ; Schönherr, L. ; Schönwald, A. ; Schukraft, A. ; Schulte, L. ; Schulz, O. ; Seckel, D. ; Seo, S. H. ; Sestayo, Y. ; Seunarine, S. ; Smith, M. W.E. ; Soiron, M. ; Soldin, D. ; Spiczak, G. M. ; Spiering, C. ; Stamatikos, M. ; Stanev, T. ; Stasik, A. ; Stezelberger, T. ; Stokstad, R. G. ; Stößl, A. ; Strahler, E. A. ; Ström, R. ; Sullivan, G. W. ; Taavola, H. ; Taboada, I. ; Tamburro, A. ; Ter-Antonyan, S. ; Tilav, S. ; Toale, P. A. ; Toscano, S. ; Usner, M. ; Van Der Drift, D. ; Van Eijndhoven, N. ; Van Overloop, A. ; Van Santen, J. ; Vehring, M. ; Voge, M. ; Walck, C. ; Waldenmaier, T. ; Wallraff, M. ; Walter, M. ; Wasserman, R. ; Weaver, Ch ; Wendt, C. ; Westerhoff, S. ; Whitehorn, N. ; Wiebe, K. ; Wiebusch, C. H. ; Williams, D. R. ; Wissing, H. ; Wolf, M. ; Wood, T. R. ; Woschnagg, K. ; Xu, C. ; Xu, D. L. ; Xu, X. W. ; Yanez, J. P. ; Yodh, G. ; Yoshida, S. ; Zarzhitsky, P. ; Ziemann, J. ; Zilles, A. ; Zoll, M. / Searches for high-energy neutrino emission in the galaxy with the combined icecube-amanda detector. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2013 ; Vol. 763, No. 1.
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title = "Searches for high-energy neutrino emission in the galaxy with the combined icecube-amanda detector",
abstract = "We report on searches for neutrino sources at energies above 200 GeV in the Northern sky of the Galactic plane, using the data collected by the South Pole neutrino telescope, IceCube, and AMANDA. The Galactic region considered in this work includes the local arm toward the Cygnus region and our closest approach to the Perseus Arm. The searches are based on the data collected between 2007 and 2009. During this time AMANDA was an integrated part of IceCube, which was still under construction and operated with 22 strings (2007-2008) and 40 strings (2008-2009) of optical modules deployed in the ice. By combining the advantages of the larger IceCube detector with the lower energy threshold of the more compact AMANDA detector, we obtain an improved sensitivity at energies below ∼10 TeV with respect to previous searches. The analyses presented here are a scan for point sources within the Galactic plane, a search optimized for multiple and extended sources in the Cygnus region, which might be below the sensitivity of the point source scan, and studies of seven pre-selected neutrino source candidates. For one of them, Cygnus X-3, a time-dependent search for neutrino emission in coincidence with observed radio and X-ray flares has been performed. No evidence of a signal is found, and upper limits are reported for each of the searches. We investigate neutrino spectra proportional to E -2 and E -3 in order to cover the entire range of possible neutrino spectra. The steeply falling E -3 neutrino spectrum can also be used to approximate neutrino energy spectra with energy cutoffs below 50 TeV since these result in a similar energy distribution of events in the detector. For the region of the Galactic plane visible in the Northern sky, the 90{\%} confidence level muon neutrino flux upper limits are in the range E 3 dN/dE ∼ 5.4-19.5 × 10-11 TeV2 cm-2 s-1 for point-like neutrino sources in the energy region [180.0 GeV-20.5 TeV]. These represent the most stringent upper limits for soft-spectra neutrino sources within the Galaxy reported to date.",
keywords = "acceleration of particles, cosmic rays, neutrinos",
author = "R. Abbasi and Y. Abdou and M. Ackermann and J. Adams and Aguilar, {J. A.} and M. Ahlers and D. Altmann and K. Andeen and J. Auffenberg and X. Bai and M. Baker and Barwick, {S. W.} and V. Baum and R. Bay and K. Beattie and Beatty, {J. J.} and S. Bechet and {Becker Tjus}, J. and Becker, {K. H.} and M. Bell and {Lotfi Benabderrhmane}, Mohamed and S. Benzvi and J. Berdermann and P. Berghaus and D. Berley and E. Bernardini and D. Bertrand and Besson, {D. Z.} and D. Bindig and M. Bissok and E. Blaufuss and J. Blumenthal and Boersma, {D. J.} and C. Bohm and D. Bose and S. B{\"o}ser and O. Botner and L. Brayeur and Brown, {A. M.} and R. Bruijn and J. Brunner and S. Buitink and M. Carson and J. Casey and M. Casier and D. Chirkin and B. Christy and F. Clevermann and S. Cohen and Cowen, {D. F.} and Silva, {A. H.Cruz} and M. Danninger and J. Daughhetee and Davis, {J. C.} and {De Clercq}, C. and F. Descamps and P. Desiati and {De Vries-Uiterweerd}, G. and T. Deyoung and D{\'i}az-V{\'e}lez, {J. C.} and J. Dreyer and Dumm, {J. P.} and M. Dunkman and R. Eagan and J. Eisch and Ellsworth, {R. W.} and O. Engdeg{\aa}rd and S. Euler and Evenson, {P. A.} and O. Fadiran and Fazely, {A. R.} and A. Fedynitch and J. Feintzeig and T. Feusels and K. Filimonov and C. Finley and T. Fischer-Wasels and S. Flis and A. Franckowiak and R. Franke and K. Frantzen and T. Fuchs and Gaisser, {T. K.} and J. Gallagher and L. Gerhardt and L. Gladstone and T. Gl{\"u}senkamp and A. Goldschmidt and Goodman, {J. A.} and D. G{\'o}ra and D. Grant and A. Gro{\ss} and S. Grullon and M. Gurtner and C. Ha and Ismail, {A. Haj} and A. Hallgren and F. Halzen and K. Hanson and D. Heereman and P. Heimann and D. Heinen and K. Helbing and R. Hellauer and S. Hickford and Hill, {G. C.} and Hoffman, {K. D.} and R. Hoffmann and A. Homeier and K. Hoshina and W. Huelsnitz and Hulth, {P. O.} and K. Hultqvist and S. Hussain and A. Ishihara and E. Jacobi and J. Jacobsen and Japaridze, {G. S.} and O. Jlelati and A. Kappes and T. Karg and A. Karle and J. Kiryluk and F. Kislat and J. Kl{\"a}s and Klein, {S. R.} and K{\"o}hne, {J. H.} and G. Kohnen and H. Kolanoski and L. K{\"o}pke and C. Kopper and S. Kopper and Koskinen, {D. J.} and M. Kowalski and M. Krasberg and G. Kroll and J. Kunnen and N. Kurahashi and T. Kuwabara and M. Labare and K. Laihem and H. Landsman and Larson, {M. J.} and R. Lauer and M. Lesiak-Bzdak and J. L{\"u}nemann and J. Madsen and R. Maruyama and K. Mase and Matis, {H. S.} and F. McNally and K. Meagher and M. Merck and P. M{\'e}sz{\'a}ros and T. Meures and S. Miarecki and E. Middell and N. Milke and J. Miller and L. Mohrmann and T. Montaruli and R. Morse and Movit, {S. M.} and R. Nahnhauer and U. Naumann and Nowicki, {S. C.} and Nygren, {D. R.} and A. Obertacke and S. Odrowski and A. Olivas and M. Olivo and A. O'Murchadha and S. Panknin and L. Paul and Pepper, {J. A.} and {P{\'e}rez De Los Heros}, C. and D. Pieloth and N. Pirk and J. Posselt and Price, {P. B.} and Przybylski, {G. T.} and L. R{\"a}del and K. Rawlins and P. Redl and E. Resconi and W. Rhode and M. Ribordy and M. Richman and B. Riedel and Rodrigues, {J. P.} and F. Rothmaier and C. Rott and T. Ruhe and B. Ruzybayev and D. Ryckbosch and Saba, {S. M.} and T. Salameh and Sander, {H. G.} and M. Santander and S. Sarkar and K. Schatto and M. Scheel and F. Scheriau and T. Schmidt and M. Schmitz and S. Schoenen and S. Sch{\"o}neberg and L. Sch{\"o}nherr and A. Sch{\"o}nwald and A. Schukraft and L. Schulte and O. Schulz and D. Seckel and Seo, {S. H.} and Y. Sestayo and S. Seunarine and Smith, {M. W.E.} and M. Soiron and D. Soldin and Spiczak, {G. M.} and C. Spiering and M. Stamatikos and T. Stanev and A. Stasik and T. Stezelberger and Stokstad, {R. G.} and A. St{\"o}{\ss}l and Strahler, {E. A.} and R. Str{\"o}m and Sullivan, {G. W.} and H. Taavola and I. Taboada and A. Tamburro and S. Ter-Antonyan and S. Tilav and Toale, {P. A.} and S. Toscano and M. Usner and {Van Der Drift}, D. and {Van Eijndhoven}, N. and {Van Overloop}, A. and {Van Santen}, J. and M. Vehring and M. Voge and C. Walck and T. Waldenmaier and M. Wallraff and M. Walter and R. Wasserman and Ch Weaver and C. Wendt and S. Westerhoff and N. Whitehorn and K. Wiebe and Wiebusch, {C. H.} and Williams, {D. R.} and H. Wissing and M. Wolf and Wood, {T. R.} and K. Woschnagg and C. Xu and Xu, {D. L.} and Xu, {X. W.} and Yanez, {J. P.} and G. Yodh and S. Yoshida and P. Zarzhitsky and J. Ziemann and A. Zilles and M. Zoll",
year = "2013",
month = "1",
day = "20",
doi = "10.1088/0004-637X/763/1/33",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "763",
journal = "Astrophysical Journal",
issn = "0004-637X",
publisher = "IOP Publishing Ltd.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Searches for high-energy neutrino emission in the galaxy with the combined icecube-amanda detector

AU - Abbasi, R.

AU - Abdou, Y.

AU - Ackermann, M.

AU - Adams, J.

AU - Aguilar, J. A.

AU - Ahlers, M.

AU - Altmann, D.

AU - Andeen, K.

AU - Auffenberg, J.

AU - Bai, X.

AU - Baker, M.

AU - Barwick, S. W.

AU - Baum, V.

AU - Bay, R.

AU - Beattie, K.

AU - Beatty, J. J.

AU - Bechet, S.

AU - Becker Tjus, J.

AU - Becker, K. H.

AU - Bell, M.

AU - Lotfi Benabderrhmane, Mohamed

AU - Benzvi, S.

AU - Berdermann, J.

AU - Berghaus, P.

AU - Berley, D.

AU - Bernardini, E.

AU - Bertrand, D.

AU - Besson, D. Z.

AU - Bindig, D.

AU - Bissok, M.

AU - Blaufuss, E.

AU - Blumenthal, J.

AU - Boersma, D. J.

AU - Bohm, C.

AU - Bose, D.

AU - Böser, S.

AU - Botner, O.

AU - Brayeur, L.

AU - Brown, A. M.

AU - Bruijn, R.

AU - Brunner, J.

AU - Buitink, S.

AU - Carson, M.

AU - Casey, J.

AU - Casier, M.

AU - Chirkin, D.

AU - Christy, B.

AU - Clevermann, F.

AU - Cohen, S.

AU - Cowen, D. F.

AU - Silva, A. H.Cruz

AU - Danninger, M.

AU - Daughhetee, J.

AU - Davis, J. C.

AU - De Clercq, C.

AU - Descamps, F.

AU - Desiati, P.

AU - De Vries-Uiterweerd, G.

AU - Deyoung, T.

AU - Díaz-Vélez, J. C.

AU - Dreyer, J.

AU - Dumm, J. P.

AU - Dunkman, M.

AU - Eagan, R.

AU - Eisch, J.

AU - Ellsworth, R. W.

AU - Engdegård, O.

AU - Euler, S.

AU - Evenson, P. A.

AU - Fadiran, O.

AU - Fazely, A. R.

AU - Fedynitch, A.

AU - Feintzeig, J.

AU - Feusels, T.

AU - Filimonov, K.

AU - Finley, C.

AU - Fischer-Wasels, T.

AU - Flis, S.

AU - Franckowiak, A.

AU - Franke, R.

AU - Frantzen, K.

AU - Fuchs, T.

AU - Gaisser, T. K.

AU - Gallagher, J.

AU - Gerhardt, L.

AU - Gladstone, L.

AU - Glüsenkamp, T.

AU - Goldschmidt, A.

AU - Goodman, J. A.

AU - Góra, D.

AU - Grant, D.

AU - Groß, A.

AU - Grullon, S.

AU - Gurtner, M.

AU - Ha, C.

AU - Ismail, A. Haj

AU - Hallgren, A.

AU - Halzen, F.

AU - Hanson, K.

AU - Heereman, D.

AU - Heimann, P.

AU - Heinen, D.

AU - Helbing, K.

AU - Hellauer, R.

AU - Hickford, S.

AU - Hill, G. C.

AU - Hoffman, K. D.

AU - Hoffmann, R.

AU - Homeier, A.

AU - Hoshina, K.

AU - Huelsnitz, W.

AU - Hulth, P. O.

AU - Hultqvist, K.

AU - Hussain, S.

AU - Ishihara, A.

AU - Jacobi, E.

AU - Jacobsen, J.

AU - Japaridze, G. S.

AU - Jlelati, O.

AU - Kappes, A.

AU - Karg, T.

AU - Karle, A.

AU - Kiryluk, J.

AU - Kislat, F.

AU - Kläs, J.

AU - Klein, S. R.

AU - Köhne, J. H.

AU - Kohnen, G.

AU - Kolanoski, H.

AU - Köpke, L.

AU - Kopper, C.

AU - Kopper, S.

AU - Koskinen, D. J.

AU - Kowalski, M.

AU - Krasberg, M.

AU - Kroll, G.

AU - Kunnen, J.

AU - Kurahashi, N.

AU - Kuwabara, T.

AU - Labare, M.

AU - Laihem, K.

AU - Landsman, H.

AU - Larson, M. J.

AU - Lauer, R.

AU - Lesiak-Bzdak, M.

AU - Lünemann, J.

AU - Madsen, J.

AU - Maruyama, R.

AU - Mase, K.

AU - Matis, H. S.

AU - McNally, F.

AU - Meagher, K.

AU - Merck, M.

AU - Mészáros, P.

AU - Meures, T.

AU - Miarecki, S.

AU - Middell, E.

AU - Milke, N.

AU - Miller, J.

AU - Mohrmann, L.

AU - Montaruli, T.

AU - Morse, R.

AU - Movit, S. M.

AU - Nahnhauer, R.

AU - Naumann, U.

AU - Nowicki, S. C.

AU - Nygren, D. R.

AU - Obertacke, A.

AU - Odrowski, S.

AU - Olivas, A.

AU - Olivo, M.

AU - O'Murchadha, A.

AU - Panknin, S.

AU - Paul, L.

AU - Pepper, J. A.

AU - Pérez De Los Heros, C.

AU - Pieloth, D.

AU - Pirk, N.

AU - Posselt, J.

AU - Price, P. B.

AU - Przybylski, G. T.

AU - Rädel, L.

AU - Rawlins, K.

AU - Redl, P.

AU - Resconi, E.

AU - Rhode, W.

AU - Ribordy, M.

AU - Richman, M.

AU - Riedel, B.

AU - Rodrigues, J. P.

AU - Rothmaier, F.

AU - Rott, C.

AU - Ruhe, T.

AU - Ruzybayev, B.

AU - Ryckbosch, D.

AU - Saba, S. M.

AU - Salameh, T.

AU - Sander, H. G.

AU - Santander, M.

AU - Sarkar, S.

AU - Schatto, K.

AU - Scheel, M.

AU - Scheriau, F.

AU - Schmidt, T.

AU - Schmitz, M.

AU - Schoenen, S.

AU - Schöneberg, S.

AU - Schönherr, L.

AU - Schönwald, A.

AU - Schukraft, A.

AU - Schulte, L.

AU - Schulz, O.

AU - Seckel, D.

AU - Seo, S. H.

AU - Sestayo, Y.

AU - Seunarine, S.

AU - Smith, M. W.E.

AU - Soiron, M.

AU - Soldin, D.

AU - Spiczak, G. M.

AU - Spiering, C.

AU - Stamatikos, M.

AU - Stanev, T.

AU - Stasik, A.

AU - Stezelberger, T.

AU - Stokstad, R. G.

AU - Stößl, A.

AU - Strahler, E. A.

AU - Ström, R.

AU - Sullivan, G. W.

AU - Taavola, H.

AU - Taboada, I.

AU - Tamburro, A.

AU - Ter-Antonyan, S.

AU - Tilav, S.

AU - Toale, P. A.

AU - Toscano, S.

AU - Usner, M.

AU - Van Der Drift, D.

AU - Van Eijndhoven, N.

AU - Van Overloop, A.

AU - Van Santen, J.

AU - Vehring, M.

AU - Voge, M.

AU - Walck, C.

AU - Waldenmaier, T.

AU - Wallraff, M.

AU - Walter, M.

AU - Wasserman, R.

AU - Weaver, Ch

AU - Wendt, C.

AU - Westerhoff, S.

AU - Whitehorn, N.

AU - Wiebe, K.

AU - Wiebusch, C. H.

AU - Williams, D. R.

AU - Wissing, H.

AU - Wolf, M.

AU - Wood, T. R.

AU - Woschnagg, K.

AU - Xu, C.

AU - Xu, D. L.

AU - Xu, X. W.

AU - Yanez, J. P.

AU - Yodh, G.

AU - Yoshida, S.

AU - Zarzhitsky, P.

AU - Ziemann, J.

AU - Zilles, A.

AU - Zoll, M.

PY - 2013/1/20

Y1 - 2013/1/20

N2 - We report on searches for neutrino sources at energies above 200 GeV in the Northern sky of the Galactic plane, using the data collected by the South Pole neutrino telescope, IceCube, and AMANDA. The Galactic region considered in this work includes the local arm toward the Cygnus region and our closest approach to the Perseus Arm. The searches are based on the data collected between 2007 and 2009. During this time AMANDA was an integrated part of IceCube, which was still under construction and operated with 22 strings (2007-2008) and 40 strings (2008-2009) of optical modules deployed in the ice. By combining the advantages of the larger IceCube detector with the lower energy threshold of the more compact AMANDA detector, we obtain an improved sensitivity at energies below ∼10 TeV with respect to previous searches. The analyses presented here are a scan for point sources within the Galactic plane, a search optimized for multiple and extended sources in the Cygnus region, which might be below the sensitivity of the point source scan, and studies of seven pre-selected neutrino source candidates. For one of them, Cygnus X-3, a time-dependent search for neutrino emission in coincidence with observed radio and X-ray flares has been performed. No evidence of a signal is found, and upper limits are reported for each of the searches. We investigate neutrino spectra proportional to E -2 and E -3 in order to cover the entire range of possible neutrino spectra. The steeply falling E -3 neutrino spectrum can also be used to approximate neutrino energy spectra with energy cutoffs below 50 TeV since these result in a similar energy distribution of events in the detector. For the region of the Galactic plane visible in the Northern sky, the 90% confidence level muon neutrino flux upper limits are in the range E 3 dN/dE ∼ 5.4-19.5 × 10-11 TeV2 cm-2 s-1 for point-like neutrino sources in the energy region [180.0 GeV-20.5 TeV]. These represent the most stringent upper limits for soft-spectra neutrino sources within the Galaxy reported to date.

AB - We report on searches for neutrino sources at energies above 200 GeV in the Northern sky of the Galactic plane, using the data collected by the South Pole neutrino telescope, IceCube, and AMANDA. The Galactic region considered in this work includes the local arm toward the Cygnus region and our closest approach to the Perseus Arm. The searches are based on the data collected between 2007 and 2009. During this time AMANDA was an integrated part of IceCube, which was still under construction and operated with 22 strings (2007-2008) and 40 strings (2008-2009) of optical modules deployed in the ice. By combining the advantages of the larger IceCube detector with the lower energy threshold of the more compact AMANDA detector, we obtain an improved sensitivity at energies below ∼10 TeV with respect to previous searches. The analyses presented here are a scan for point sources within the Galactic plane, a search optimized for multiple and extended sources in the Cygnus region, which might be below the sensitivity of the point source scan, and studies of seven pre-selected neutrino source candidates. For one of them, Cygnus X-3, a time-dependent search for neutrino emission in coincidence with observed radio and X-ray flares has been performed. No evidence of a signal is found, and upper limits are reported for each of the searches. We investigate neutrino spectra proportional to E -2 and E -3 in order to cover the entire range of possible neutrino spectra. The steeply falling E -3 neutrino spectrum can also be used to approximate neutrino energy spectra with energy cutoffs below 50 TeV since these result in a similar energy distribution of events in the detector. For the region of the Galactic plane visible in the Northern sky, the 90% confidence level muon neutrino flux upper limits are in the range E 3 dN/dE ∼ 5.4-19.5 × 10-11 TeV2 cm-2 s-1 for point-like neutrino sources in the energy region [180.0 GeV-20.5 TeV]. These represent the most stringent upper limits for soft-spectra neutrino sources within the Galaxy reported to date.

KW - acceleration of particles

KW - cosmic rays

KW - neutrinos

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84872258935&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84872258935&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1088/0004-637X/763/1/33

DO - 10.1088/0004-637X/763/1/33

M3 - Article

VL - 763

JO - Astrophysical Journal

JF - Astrophysical Journal

SN - 0004-637X

IS - 1

M1 - 33

ER -