Search for time-independent neutrino emission from astrophysical sources with 3 yr of IceCube data

M. G. Aartsen, R. Abbasi, Y. Abdou, M. Ackermann, J. Adams, J. A. Aguilar, M. Ahlers, D. Altmann, J. Auffenberg, X. Bai, M. Baker, S. W. Barwick, V. Baum, R. Bay, J. J. Beatty, S. Bechet, J. Becker Tjus, K. H. Becker, Mohamed Lotfi Benabderrhmane, S. Benzvi & 257 others P. Berghaus, D. Berley, E. Bernardini, A. Bernhard, D. Z. Besson, G. Binder, D. Bindig, M. Bissok, E. Blaufuss, J. Blumenthal, D. J. Boersma, S. Bohaichuk, C. Bohm, D. Bose, S. Böser, O. Botner, L. Brayeur, H. P. Bretz, A. M. Brown, R. Bruijn, J. Brunner, M. Carson, J. Casey, M. Casier, D. Chirkin, A. Christov, B. Christy, K. Clark, F. Clevermann, S. Coenders, S. Cohen, D. F. Cowen, A. H.Cruz Silva, M. Danninger, J. Daughhetee, J. C. Davis, M. Day, C. De Clercq, S. De Ridder, P. Desiati, K. D. De Vries, M. De With, T. Deyoung, J. C. Díaz-Vélez, M. Dunkman, R. Eagan, B. Eberhardt, J. Eisch, S. Euler, P. A. Evenson, O. Fadiran, A. R. Fazely, A. Fedynitch, J. Feintzeig, T. Feusels, K. Filimonov, C. Finley, T. Fischer-Wasels, S. Flis, A. Franckowiak, K. Frantzen, T. Fuchs, T. K. Gaisser, J. Gallagher, L. Gerhardt, L. Gladstone, T. Glüsenkamp, A. Goldschmidt, G. Golup, J. G. Gonzalez, J. A. Goodman, D. Góra, D. T. Grandmont, D. Grant, A. Groß, C. Ha, A. Haj Ismail, P. Hallen, A. Hallgren, F. Halzen, K. Hanson, D. Heereman, D. Heinen, K. Helbing, R. Hellauer, S. Hickford, G. C. Hill, K. D. Hoffman, R. Hoffmann, A. Homeier, K. Hoshina, W. Huelsnitz, P. O. Hulth, K. Hultqvist, S. Hussain, A. Ishihara, E. Jacobi, J. Jacobsen, K. Jagielski, G. S. Japaridze, K. Jero, O. Jlelati, B. Kaminsky, A. Kappes, T. Karg, A. Karle, J. L. Kelley, J. Kiryluk, J. Kläs, S. R. Klein, J. H. Köhne, G. Kohnen, H. Kolanoski, L. Köpke, C. Kopper, S. Kopper, D. J. Koskinen, M. Kowalski, M. Krasberg, K. Krings, G. Kroll, J. Kunnen, N. Kurahashi, T. Kuwabara, M. Labare, H. Landsman, M. J. Larson, M. Lesiak-Bzdak, M. Leuermann, J. Leute, J. Lünemann, O. Macías, J. Madsen, G. Maggi, R. Maruyama, K. Mase, H. S. Matis, F. McNally, K. Meagher, M. Merck, T. Meures, S. Miarecki, E. Middell, N. Milke, J. Miller, L. Mohrmann, T. Montaruli, R. Morse, R. Nahnhauer, U. Naumann, H. Niederhausen, S. C. Nowicki, D. R. Nygren, A. Obertacke, S. Odrowski, A. Olivas, A. Omairat, A. O'Murchadha, L. Paul, J. A. Pepper, C. Pérez De Los Heros, C. Pfendner, D. Pieloth, E. Pinat, J. Posselt, P. B. Price, G. T. Przybylski, L. Rädel, M. Rameez, K. Rawlins, P. Redl, R. Reimann, E. Resconi, W. Rhode, M. Ribordy, M. Richman, B. Riedel, J. P. Rodrigues, C. Rott, T. Ruhe, B. Ruzybayev, D. Ryckbosch, S. M. Saba, T. Salameh, H. G. Sander, M. Santander, S. Sarkar, K. Schatto, F. Scheriau, T. Schmidt, M. Schmitz, S. Schoenen, S. Schöneberg, A. Schönwald, A. Schukraft, L. Schulte, O. Schulz, D. Seckel, Y. Sestayo, S. Seunarine, R. Shanidze, C. Sheremata, M. W.E. Smith, D. Soldin, G. M. Spiczak, C. Spiering, M. Stamatikos, T. Stanev, A. Stasik, T. Stezelberger, R. G. Stokstad, A. Stößl, E. A. Strahler, R. Ström, G. W. Sullivan, H. Taavola, I. Taboada, A. Tamburro, A. Tepe, S. Ter-Antonyan, G. Tešić, S. Tilav, P. A. Toale, S. Toscano, E. Unger, M. Usner, S. Vallecorsa, N. Van Eijndhoven, A. Van Overloop, J. Van Santen, M. Vehring, M. Voge, M. Vraeghe, C. Walck, T. Waldenmaier, M. Wallraff, Ch Weaver, M. Wellons, C. Wendt, S. Westerhoff, N. Whitehorn, K. Wiebe, C. H. Wiebusch, D. R. Williams, H. Wissing, M. Wolf, T. R. Wood, K. Woschnagg, D. L. Xu, X. W. Xu, J. P. Yanez, G. Yodh, S. Yoshida, P. Zarzhitsky, J. Ziemann, S. Zierke, M. Zoll

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We present the results of a search for neutrino point sources using the IceCube data collected between 2008 April and 2011 May with three partially completed configurations of the detector: the 40-, 59-, and 79-string configurations. The live-time of this data set is 1040 days. An unbinned maximum likelihood ratio test was used to search for an excess of neutrinos above the atmospheric background at any given direction in the sky. By adding two more years of data with improved event selection and reconstruction techniques, the sensitivity was improved by a factor of 3.5 or more with respect to the previously published results obtained with the 40-string configuration of IceCube. We performed an all-sky survey and a dedicated search using a catalog of a priori selected objects observed by other telescopes. In both searches, the data are compatible with the background-only hypothesis. In the absence of evidence for a signal, we set upper limits on the flux of muon neutrinos. For an E -2 neutrino spectrum, the observed limits are (0.9-5) × 10-12 TeV-1 cm-2 s-1 for energies between 1 TeV and 1 PeV in the northern sky and (0.9-23.2) × 10 -12 TeV-1 cm-2 s-1 for energies between 102 TeV and 102 PeV in the southern sky. We also report upper limits for neutrino emission from groups of sources that were selected according to theoretical models or observational parameters and analyzed with a stacking approach. Some of the limits presented already reach the level necessary to quantitatively test current models of neutrino emission.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number132
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume779
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 20 2013

Fingerprint

astrophysics
neutrinos
stacking
point source
energy
strings
configurations
northern sky
Southern sky
likelihood ratio
point sources
catalogs
sky
muons
telescopes
test
sensitivity
detectors
detector
parameter

Keywords

  • astroparticle physics
  • cosmic rays
  • neutrinos
  • telescopes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Aartsen, M. G., Abbasi, R., Abdou, Y., Ackermann, M., Adams, J., Aguilar, J. A., ... Zoll, M. (2013). Search for time-independent neutrino emission from astrophysical sources with 3 yr of IceCube data. Astrophysical Journal, 779(2), [132]. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/779/2/132

Search for time-independent neutrino emission from astrophysical sources with 3 yr of IceCube data. / Aartsen, M. G.; Abbasi, R.; Abdou, Y.; Ackermann, M.; Adams, J.; Aguilar, J. A.; Ahlers, M.; Altmann, D.; Auffenberg, J.; Bai, X.; Baker, M.; Barwick, S. W.; Baum, V.; Bay, R.; Beatty, J. J.; Bechet, S.; Tjus, J. Becker; Becker, K. H.; Lotfi Benabderrhmane, Mohamed; Benzvi, S.; Berghaus, P.; Berley, D.; Bernardini, E.; Bernhard, A.; Besson, D. Z.; Binder, G.; Bindig, D.; Bissok, M.; Blaufuss, E.; Blumenthal, J.; Boersma, D. J.; Bohaichuk, S.; Bohm, C.; Bose, D.; Böser, S.; Botner, O.; Brayeur, L.; Bretz, H. P.; Brown, A. M.; Bruijn, R.; Brunner, J.; Carson, M.; Casey, J.; Casier, M.; Chirkin, D.; Christov, A.; Christy, B.; Clark, K.; Clevermann, F.; Coenders, S.; Cohen, S.; Cowen, D. F.; Silva, A. H.Cruz; Danninger, M.; Daughhetee, J.; Davis, J. C.; Day, M.; De Clercq, C.; De Ridder, S.; Desiati, P.; De Vries, K. D.; De With, M.; Deyoung, T.; Díaz-Vélez, J. C.; Dunkman, M.; Eagan, R.; Eberhardt, B.; Eisch, J.; Euler, S.; Evenson, P. A.; Fadiran, O.; Fazely, A. R.; Fedynitch, A.; Feintzeig, J.; Feusels, T.; Filimonov, K.; Finley, C.; Fischer-Wasels, T.; Flis, S.; Franckowiak, A.; Frantzen, K.; Fuchs, T.; Gaisser, T. K.; Gallagher, J.; Gerhardt, L.; Gladstone, L.; Glüsenkamp, T.; Goldschmidt, A.; Golup, G.; Gonzalez, J. G.; Goodman, J. A.; Góra, D.; Grandmont, D. T.; Grant, D.; Groß, A.; Ha, C.; Ismail, A. Haj; Hallen, P.; Hallgren, A.; Halzen, F.; Hanson, K.; Heereman, D.; Heinen, D.; Helbing, K.; Hellauer, R.; Hickford, S.; Hill, G. C.; Hoffman, K. D.; Hoffmann, R.; Homeier, A.; Hoshina, K.; Huelsnitz, W.; Hulth, P. O.; Hultqvist, K.; Hussain, S.; Ishihara, A.; Jacobi, E.; Jacobsen, J.; Jagielski, K.; Japaridze, G. S.; Jero, K.; Jlelati, O.; Kaminsky, B.; Kappes, A.; Karg, T.; Karle, A.; Kelley, J. L.; Kiryluk, J.; Kläs, J.; Klein, S. R.; Köhne, J. H.; Kohnen, G.; Kolanoski, H.; Köpke, L.; Kopper, C.; Kopper, S.; Koskinen, D. J.; Kowalski, M.; Krasberg, M.; Krings, K.; Kroll, G.; Kunnen, J.; Kurahashi, N.; Kuwabara, T.; Labare, M.; Landsman, H.; Larson, M. J.; Lesiak-Bzdak, M.; Leuermann, M.; Leute, J.; Lünemann, J.; Macías, O.; Madsen, J.; Maggi, G.; Maruyama, R.; Mase, K.; Matis, H. S.; McNally, F.; Meagher, K.; Merck, M.; Meures, T.; Miarecki, S.; Middell, E.; Milke, N.; Miller, J.; Mohrmann, L.; Montaruli, T.; Morse, R.; Nahnhauer, R.; Naumann, U.; Niederhausen, H.; Nowicki, S. C.; Nygren, D. R.; Obertacke, A.; Odrowski, S.; Olivas, A.; Omairat, A.; O'Murchadha, A.; Paul, L.; Pepper, J. A.; Heros, C. Pérez De Los; Pfendner, C.; Pieloth, D.; Pinat, E.; Posselt, J.; Price, P. B.; Przybylski, G. T.; Rädel, L.; Rameez, M.; Rawlins, K.; Redl, P.; Reimann, R.; Resconi, E.; Rhode, W.; Ribordy, M.; Richman, M.; Riedel, B.; Rodrigues, J. P.; Rott, C.; Ruhe, T.; Ruzybayev, B.; Ryckbosch, D.; Saba, S. M.; Salameh, T.; Sander, H. G.; Santander, M.; Sarkar, S.; Schatto, K.; Scheriau, F.; Schmidt, T.; Schmitz, M.; Schoenen, S.; Schöneberg, S.; Schönwald, A.; Schukraft, A.; Schulte, L.; Schulz, O.; Seckel, D.; Sestayo, Y.; Seunarine, S.; Shanidze, R.; Sheremata, C.; Smith, M. W.E.; Soldin, D.; Spiczak, G. M.; Spiering, C.; Stamatikos, M.; Stanev, T.; Stasik, A.; Stezelberger, T.; Stokstad, R. G.; Stößl, A.; Strahler, E. A.; Ström, R.; Sullivan, G. W.; Taavola, H.; Taboada, I.; Tamburro, A.; Tepe, A.; Ter-Antonyan, S.; Tešić, G.; Tilav, S.; Toale, P. A.; Toscano, S.; Unger, E.; Usner, M.; Vallecorsa, S.; Van Eijndhoven, N.; Van Overloop, A.; Van Santen, J.; Vehring, M.; Voge, M.; Vraeghe, M.; Walck, C.; Waldenmaier, T.; Wallraff, M.; Weaver, Ch; Wellons, M.; Wendt, C.; Westerhoff, S.; Whitehorn, N.; Wiebe, K.; Wiebusch, C. H.; Williams, D. R.; Wissing, H.; Wolf, M.; Wood, T. R.; Woschnagg, K.; Xu, D. L.; Xu, X. W.; Yanez, J. P.; Yodh, G.; Yoshida, S.; Zarzhitsky, P.; Ziemann, J.; Zierke, S.; Zoll, M.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 779, No. 2, 132, 20.12.2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Aartsen, MG, Abbasi, R, Abdou, Y, Ackermann, M, Adams, J, Aguilar, JA, Ahlers, M, Altmann, D, Auffenberg, J, Bai, X, Baker, M, Barwick, SW, Baum, V, Bay, R, Beatty, JJ, Bechet, S, Tjus, JB, Becker, KH, Lotfi Benabderrhmane, M, Benzvi, S, Berghaus, P, Berley, D, Bernardini, E, Bernhard, A, Besson, DZ, Binder, G, Bindig, D, Bissok, M, Blaufuss, E, Blumenthal, J, Boersma, DJ, Bohaichuk, S, Bohm, C, Bose, D, Böser, S, Botner, O, Brayeur, L, Bretz, HP, Brown, AM, Bruijn, R, Brunner, J, Carson, M, Casey, J, Casier, M, Chirkin, D, Christov, A, Christy, B, Clark, K, Clevermann, F, Coenders, S, Cohen, S, Cowen, DF, Silva, AHC, Danninger, M, Daughhetee, J, Davis, JC, Day, M, De Clercq, C, De Ridder, S, Desiati, P, De Vries, KD, De With, M, Deyoung, T, Díaz-Vélez, JC, Dunkman, M, Eagan, R, Eberhardt, B, Eisch, J, Euler, S, Evenson, PA, Fadiran, O, Fazely, AR, Fedynitch, A, Feintzeig, J, Feusels, T, Filimonov, K, Finley, C, Fischer-Wasels, T, Flis, S, Franckowiak, A, Frantzen, K, Fuchs, T, Gaisser, TK, Gallagher, J, Gerhardt, L, Gladstone, L, Glüsenkamp, T, Goldschmidt, A, Golup, G, Gonzalez, JG, Goodman, JA, Góra, D, Grandmont, DT, Grant, D, Groß, A, Ha, C, Ismail, AH, Hallen, P, Hallgren, A, Halzen, F, Hanson, K, Heereman, D, Heinen, D, Helbing, K, Hellauer, R, Hickford, S, Hill, GC, Hoffman, KD, Hoffmann, R, Homeier, A, Hoshina, K, Huelsnitz, W, Hulth, PO, Hultqvist, K, Hussain, S, Ishihara, A, Jacobi, E, Jacobsen, J, Jagielski, K, Japaridze, GS, Jero, K, Jlelati, O, Kaminsky, B, Kappes, A, Karg, T, Karle, A, Kelley, JL, Kiryluk, J, Kläs, J, Klein, SR, Köhne, JH, Kohnen, G, Kolanoski, H, Köpke, L, Kopper, C, Kopper, S, Koskinen, DJ, Kowalski, M, Krasberg, M, Krings, K, Kroll, G, Kunnen, J, Kurahashi, N, Kuwabara, T, Labare, M, Landsman, H, Larson, MJ, Lesiak-Bzdak, M, Leuermann, M, Leute, J, Lünemann, J, Macías, O, Madsen, J, Maggi, G, Maruyama, R, Mase, K, Matis, HS, McNally, F, Meagher, K, Merck, M, Meures, T, Miarecki, S, Middell, E, Milke, N, Miller, J, Mohrmann, L, Montaruli, T, Morse, R, Nahnhauer, R, Naumann, U, Niederhausen, H, Nowicki, SC, Nygren, DR, Obertacke, A, Odrowski, S, Olivas, A, Omairat, A, O'Murchadha, A, Paul, L, Pepper, JA, Heros, CPDL, Pfendner, C, Pieloth, D, Pinat, E, Posselt, J, Price, PB, Przybylski, GT, Rädel, L, Rameez, M, Rawlins, K, Redl, P, Reimann, R, Resconi, E, Rhode, W, Ribordy, M, Richman, M, Riedel, B, Rodrigues, JP, Rott, C, Ruhe, T, Ruzybayev, B, Ryckbosch, D, Saba, SM, Salameh, T, Sander, HG, Santander, M, Sarkar, S, Schatto, K, Scheriau, F, Schmidt, T, Schmitz, M, Schoenen, S, Schöneberg, S, Schönwald, A, Schukraft, A, Schulte, L, Schulz, O, Seckel, D, Sestayo, Y, Seunarine, S, Shanidze, R, Sheremata, C, Smith, MWE, Soldin, D, Spiczak, GM, Spiering, C, Stamatikos, M, Stanev, T, Stasik, A, Stezelberger, T, Stokstad, RG, Stößl, A, Strahler, EA, Ström, R, Sullivan, GW, Taavola, H, Taboada, I, Tamburro, A, Tepe, A, Ter-Antonyan, S, Tešić, G, Tilav, S, Toale, PA, Toscano, S, Unger, E, Usner, M, Vallecorsa, S, Van Eijndhoven, N, Van Overloop, A, Van Santen, J, Vehring, M, Voge, M, Vraeghe, M, Walck, C, Waldenmaier, T, Wallraff, M, Weaver, C, Wellons, M, Wendt, C, Westerhoff, S, Whitehorn, N, Wiebe, K, Wiebusch, CH, Williams, DR, Wissing, H, Wolf, M, Wood, TR, Woschnagg, K, Xu, DL, Xu, XW, Yanez, JP, Yodh, G, Yoshida, S, Zarzhitsky, P, Ziemann, J, Zierke, S & Zoll, M 2013, 'Search for time-independent neutrino emission from astrophysical sources with 3 yr of IceCube data', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 779, no. 2, 132. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/779/2/132
Aartsen, M. G. ; Abbasi, R. ; Abdou, Y. ; Ackermann, M. ; Adams, J. ; Aguilar, J. A. ; Ahlers, M. ; Altmann, D. ; Auffenberg, J. ; Bai, X. ; Baker, M. ; Barwick, S. W. ; Baum, V. ; Bay, R. ; Beatty, J. J. ; Bechet, S. ; Tjus, J. Becker ; Becker, K. H. ; Lotfi Benabderrhmane, Mohamed ; Benzvi, S. ; Berghaus, P. ; Berley, D. ; Bernardini, E. ; Bernhard, A. ; Besson, D. Z. ; Binder, G. ; Bindig, D. ; Bissok, M. ; Blaufuss, E. ; Blumenthal, J. ; Boersma, D. J. ; Bohaichuk, S. ; Bohm, C. ; Bose, D. ; Böser, S. ; Botner, O. ; Brayeur, L. ; Bretz, H. P. ; Brown, A. M. ; Bruijn, R. ; Brunner, J. ; Carson, M. ; Casey, J. ; Casier, M. ; Chirkin, D. ; Christov, A. ; Christy, B. ; Clark, K. ; Clevermann, F. ; Coenders, S. ; Cohen, S. ; Cowen, D. F. ; Silva, A. H.Cruz ; Danninger, M. ; Daughhetee, J. ; Davis, J. C. ; Day, M. ; De Clercq, C. ; De Ridder, S. ; Desiati, P. ; De Vries, K. D. ; De With, M. ; Deyoung, T. ; Díaz-Vélez, J. C. ; Dunkman, M. ; Eagan, R. ; Eberhardt, B. ; Eisch, J. ; Euler, S. ; Evenson, P. A. ; Fadiran, O. ; Fazely, A. R. ; Fedynitch, A. ; Feintzeig, J. ; Feusels, T. ; Filimonov, K. ; Finley, C. ; Fischer-Wasels, T. ; Flis, S. ; Franckowiak, A. ; Frantzen, K. ; Fuchs, T. ; Gaisser, T. K. ; Gallagher, J. ; Gerhardt, L. ; Gladstone, L. ; Glüsenkamp, T. ; Goldschmidt, A. ; Golup, G. ; Gonzalez, J. G. ; Goodman, J. A. ; Góra, D. ; Grandmont, D. T. ; Grant, D. ; Groß, A. ; Ha, C. ; Ismail, A. Haj ; Hallen, P. ; Hallgren, A. ; Halzen, F. ; Hanson, K. ; Heereman, D. ; Heinen, D. ; Helbing, K. ; Hellauer, R. ; Hickford, S. ; Hill, G. C. ; Hoffman, K. D. ; Hoffmann, R. ; Homeier, A. ; Hoshina, K. ; Huelsnitz, W. ; Hulth, P. O. ; Hultqvist, K. ; Hussain, S. ; Ishihara, A. ; Jacobi, E. ; Jacobsen, J. ; Jagielski, K. ; Japaridze, G. S. ; Jero, K. ; Jlelati, O. ; Kaminsky, B. ; Kappes, A. ; Karg, T. ; Karle, A. ; Kelley, J. L. ; Kiryluk, J. ; Kläs, J. ; Klein, S. R. ; Köhne, J. H. ; Kohnen, G. ; Kolanoski, H. ; Köpke, L. ; Kopper, C. ; Kopper, S. ; Koskinen, D. J. ; Kowalski, M. ; Krasberg, M. ; Krings, K. ; Kroll, G. ; Kunnen, J. ; Kurahashi, N. ; Kuwabara, T. ; Labare, M. ; Landsman, H. ; Larson, M. J. ; Lesiak-Bzdak, M. ; Leuermann, M. ; Leute, J. ; Lünemann, J. ; Macías, O. ; Madsen, J. ; Maggi, G. ; Maruyama, R. ; Mase, K. ; Matis, H. S. ; McNally, F. ; Meagher, K. ; Merck, M. ; Meures, T. ; Miarecki, S. ; Middell, E. ; Milke, N. ; Miller, J. ; Mohrmann, L. ; Montaruli, T. ; Morse, R. ; Nahnhauer, R. ; Naumann, U. ; Niederhausen, H. ; Nowicki, S. C. ; Nygren, D. R. ; Obertacke, A. ; Odrowski, S. ; Olivas, A. ; Omairat, A. ; O'Murchadha, A. ; Paul, L. ; Pepper, J. A. ; Heros, C. Pérez De Los ; Pfendner, C. ; Pieloth, D. ; Pinat, E. ; Posselt, J. ; Price, P. B. ; Przybylski, G. T. ; Rädel, L. ; Rameez, M. ; Rawlins, K. ; Redl, P. ; Reimann, R. ; Resconi, E. ; Rhode, W. ; Ribordy, M. ; Richman, M. ; Riedel, B. ; Rodrigues, J. P. ; Rott, C. ; Ruhe, T. ; Ruzybayev, B. ; Ryckbosch, D. ; Saba, S. M. ; Salameh, T. ; Sander, H. G. ; Santander, M. ; Sarkar, S. ; Schatto, K. ; Scheriau, F. ; Schmidt, T. ; Schmitz, M. ; Schoenen, S. ; Schöneberg, S. ; Schönwald, A. ; Schukraft, A. ; Schulte, L. ; Schulz, O. ; Seckel, D. ; Sestayo, Y. ; Seunarine, S. ; Shanidze, R. ; Sheremata, C. ; Smith, M. W.E. ; Soldin, D. ; Spiczak, G. M. ; Spiering, C. ; Stamatikos, M. ; Stanev, T. ; Stasik, A. ; Stezelberger, T. ; Stokstad, R. G. ; Stößl, A. ; Strahler, E. A. ; Ström, R. ; Sullivan, G. W. ; Taavola, H. ; Taboada, I. ; Tamburro, A. ; Tepe, A. ; Ter-Antonyan, S. ; Tešić, G. ; Tilav, S. ; Toale, P. A. ; Toscano, S. ; Unger, E. ; Usner, M. ; Vallecorsa, S. ; Van Eijndhoven, N. ; Van Overloop, A. ; Van Santen, J. ; Vehring, M. ; Voge, M. ; Vraeghe, M. ; Walck, C. ; Waldenmaier, T. ; Wallraff, M. ; Weaver, Ch ; Wellons, M. ; Wendt, C. ; Westerhoff, S. ; Whitehorn, N. ; Wiebe, K. ; Wiebusch, C. H. ; Williams, D. R. ; Wissing, H. ; Wolf, M. ; Wood, T. R. ; Woschnagg, K. ; Xu, D. L. ; Xu, X. W. ; Yanez, J. P. ; Yodh, G. ; Yoshida, S. ; Zarzhitsky, P. ; Ziemann, J. ; Zierke, S. ; Zoll, M. / Search for time-independent neutrino emission from astrophysical sources with 3 yr of IceCube data. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2013 ; Vol. 779, No. 2.
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title = "Search for time-independent neutrino emission from astrophysical sources with 3 yr of IceCube data",
abstract = "We present the results of a search for neutrino point sources using the IceCube data collected between 2008 April and 2011 May with three partially completed configurations of the detector: the 40-, 59-, and 79-string configurations. The live-time of this data set is 1040 days. An unbinned maximum likelihood ratio test was used to search for an excess of neutrinos above the atmospheric background at any given direction in the sky. By adding two more years of data with improved event selection and reconstruction techniques, the sensitivity was improved by a factor of 3.5 or more with respect to the previously published results obtained with the 40-string configuration of IceCube. We performed an all-sky survey and a dedicated search using a catalog of a priori selected objects observed by other telescopes. In both searches, the data are compatible with the background-only hypothesis. In the absence of evidence for a signal, we set upper limits on the flux of muon neutrinos. For an E -2 neutrino spectrum, the observed limits are (0.9-5) × 10-12 TeV-1 cm-2 s-1 for energies between 1 TeV and 1 PeV in the northern sky and (0.9-23.2) × 10 -12 TeV-1 cm-2 s-1 for energies between 102 TeV and 102 PeV in the southern sky. We also report upper limits for neutrino emission from groups of sources that were selected according to theoretical models or observational parameters and analyzed with a stacking approach. Some of the limits presented already reach the level necessary to quantitatively test current models of neutrino emission.",
keywords = "astroparticle physics, cosmic rays, neutrinos, telescopes",
author = "Aartsen, {M. G.} and R. Abbasi and Y. Abdou and M. Ackermann and J. Adams and Aguilar, {J. A.} and M. Ahlers and D. Altmann and J. Auffenberg and X. Bai and M. Baker and Barwick, {S. W.} and V. Baum and R. Bay and Beatty, {J. J.} and S. Bechet and Tjus, {J. Becker} and Becker, {K. H.} and {Lotfi Benabderrhmane}, Mohamed and S. Benzvi and P. Berghaus and D. Berley and E. Bernardini and A. Bernhard and Besson, {D. Z.} and G. Binder and D. Bindig and M. Bissok and E. Blaufuss and J. Blumenthal and Boersma, {D. J.} and S. Bohaichuk and C. Bohm and D. Bose and S. B{\"o}ser and O. Botner and L. Brayeur and Bretz, {H. P.} and Brown, {A. M.} and R. Bruijn and J. Brunner and M. Carson and J. Casey and M. Casier and D. Chirkin and A. Christov and B. Christy and K. Clark and F. Clevermann and S. Coenders and S. Cohen and Cowen, {D. F.} and Silva, {A. H.Cruz} and M. Danninger and J. Daughhetee and Davis, {J. C.} and M. Day and {De Clercq}, C. and {De Ridder}, S. and P. Desiati and {De Vries}, {K. D.} and {De With}, M. and T. Deyoung and D{\'i}az-V{\'e}lez, {J. C.} and M. Dunkman and R. Eagan and B. Eberhardt and J. Eisch and S. Euler and Evenson, {P. A.} and O. Fadiran and Fazely, {A. R.} and A. Fedynitch and J. Feintzeig and T. Feusels and K. Filimonov and C. Finley and T. Fischer-Wasels and S. Flis and A. Franckowiak and K. Frantzen and T. Fuchs and Gaisser, {T. K.} and J. Gallagher and L. Gerhardt and L. Gladstone and T. Gl{\"u}senkamp and A. Goldschmidt and G. Golup and Gonzalez, {J. G.} and Goodman, {J. A.} and D. G{\'o}ra and Grandmont, {D. T.} and D. Grant and A. Gro{\ss} and C. Ha and Ismail, {A. Haj} and P. Hallen and A. Hallgren and F. Halzen and K. Hanson and D. Heereman and D. Heinen and K. Helbing and R. Hellauer and S. Hickford and Hill, {G. C.} and Hoffman, {K. D.} and R. Hoffmann and A. Homeier and K. Hoshina and W. Huelsnitz and Hulth, {P. O.} and K. Hultqvist and S. Hussain and A. Ishihara and E. Jacobi and J. Jacobsen and K. Jagielski and Japaridze, {G. S.} and K. Jero and O. Jlelati and B. Kaminsky and A. Kappes and T. Karg and A. Karle and Kelley, {J. L.} and J. Kiryluk and J. Kl{\"a}s and Klein, {S. R.} and K{\"o}hne, {J. H.} and G. Kohnen and H. Kolanoski and L. K{\"o}pke and C. Kopper and S. Kopper and Koskinen, {D. J.} and M. Kowalski and M. Krasberg and K. Krings and G. Kroll and J. Kunnen and N. Kurahashi and T. Kuwabara and M. Labare and H. Landsman and Larson, {M. J.} and M. Lesiak-Bzdak and M. Leuermann and J. Leute and J. L{\"u}nemann and O. Mac{\'i}as and J. Madsen and G. Maggi and R. Maruyama and K. Mase and Matis, {H. S.} and F. McNally and K. Meagher and M. Merck and T. Meures and S. Miarecki and E. Middell and N. Milke and J. Miller and L. Mohrmann and T. Montaruli and R. Morse and R. Nahnhauer and U. Naumann and H. Niederhausen and Nowicki, {S. C.} and Nygren, {D. R.} and A. Obertacke and S. Odrowski and A. Olivas and A. Omairat and A. O'Murchadha and L. Paul and Pepper, {J. A.} and Heros, {C. P{\'e}rez De Los} and C. Pfendner and D. Pieloth and E. Pinat and J. Posselt and Price, {P. B.} and Przybylski, {G. T.} and L. R{\"a}del and M. Rameez and K. Rawlins and P. Redl and R. Reimann and E. Resconi and W. Rhode and M. Ribordy and M. Richman and B. Riedel and Rodrigues, {J. P.} and C. Rott and T. Ruhe and B. Ruzybayev and D. Ryckbosch and Saba, {S. M.} and T. Salameh and Sander, {H. G.} and M. Santander and S. Sarkar and K. Schatto and F. Scheriau and T. Schmidt and M. Schmitz and S. Schoenen and S. Sch{\"o}neberg and A. Sch{\"o}nwald and A. Schukraft and L. Schulte and O. Schulz and D. Seckel and Y. Sestayo and S. Seunarine and R. Shanidze and C. Sheremata and Smith, {M. W.E.} and D. Soldin and Spiczak, {G. M.} and C. Spiering and M. Stamatikos and T. Stanev and A. Stasik and T. Stezelberger and Stokstad, {R. G.} and A. St{\"o}{\ss}l and Strahler, {E. A.} and R. Str{\"o}m and Sullivan, {G. W.} and H. Taavola and I. Taboada and A. Tamburro and A. Tepe and S. Ter-Antonyan and G. Tešić and S. Tilav and Toale, {P. A.} and S. Toscano and E. Unger and M. Usner and S. Vallecorsa and {Van Eijndhoven}, N. and {Van Overloop}, A. and {Van Santen}, J. and M. Vehring and M. Voge and M. Vraeghe and C. Walck and T. Waldenmaier and M. Wallraff and Ch Weaver and M. Wellons and C. Wendt and S. Westerhoff and N. Whitehorn and K. Wiebe and Wiebusch, {C. H.} and Williams, {D. R.} and H. Wissing and M. Wolf and Wood, {T. R.} and K. Woschnagg and Xu, {D. L.} and Xu, {X. W.} and Yanez, {J. P.} and G. Yodh and S. Yoshida and P. Zarzhitsky and J. Ziemann and S. Zierke and M. Zoll",
year = "2013",
month = "12",
day = "20",
doi = "10.1088/0004-637X/779/2/132",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "779",
journal = "Astrophysical Journal",
issn = "0004-637X",
publisher = "IOP Publishing Ltd.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Search for time-independent neutrino emission from astrophysical sources with 3 yr of IceCube data

AU - Aartsen, M. G.

AU - Abbasi, R.

AU - Abdou, Y.

AU - Ackermann, M.

AU - Adams, J.

AU - Aguilar, J. A.

AU - Ahlers, M.

AU - Altmann, D.

AU - Auffenberg, J.

AU - Bai, X.

AU - Baker, M.

AU - Barwick, S. W.

AU - Baum, V.

AU - Bay, R.

AU - Beatty, J. J.

AU - Bechet, S.

AU - Tjus, J. Becker

AU - Becker, K. H.

AU - Lotfi Benabderrhmane, Mohamed

AU - Benzvi, S.

AU - Berghaus, P.

AU - Berley, D.

AU - Bernardini, E.

AU - Bernhard, A.

AU - Besson, D. Z.

AU - Binder, G.

AU - Bindig, D.

AU - Bissok, M.

AU - Blaufuss, E.

AU - Blumenthal, J.

AU - Boersma, D. J.

AU - Bohaichuk, S.

AU - Bohm, C.

AU - Bose, D.

AU - Böser, S.

AU - Botner, O.

AU - Brayeur, L.

AU - Bretz, H. P.

AU - Brown, A. M.

AU - Bruijn, R.

AU - Brunner, J.

AU - Carson, M.

AU - Casey, J.

AU - Casier, M.

AU - Chirkin, D.

AU - Christov, A.

AU - Christy, B.

AU - Clark, K.

AU - Clevermann, F.

AU - Coenders, S.

AU - Cohen, S.

AU - Cowen, D. F.

AU - Silva, A. H.Cruz

AU - Danninger, M.

AU - Daughhetee, J.

AU - Davis, J. C.

AU - Day, M.

AU - De Clercq, C.

AU - De Ridder, S.

AU - Desiati, P.

AU - De Vries, K. D.

AU - De With, M.

AU - Deyoung, T.

AU - Díaz-Vélez, J. C.

AU - Dunkman, M.

AU - Eagan, R.

AU - Eberhardt, B.

AU - Eisch, J.

AU - Euler, S.

AU - Evenson, P. A.

AU - Fadiran, O.

AU - Fazely, A. R.

AU - Fedynitch, A.

AU - Feintzeig, J.

AU - Feusels, T.

AU - Filimonov, K.

AU - Finley, C.

AU - Fischer-Wasels, T.

AU - Flis, S.

AU - Franckowiak, A.

AU - Frantzen, K.

AU - Fuchs, T.

AU - Gaisser, T. K.

AU - Gallagher, J.

AU - Gerhardt, L.

AU - Gladstone, L.

AU - Glüsenkamp, T.

AU - Goldschmidt, A.

AU - Golup, G.

AU - Gonzalez, J. G.

AU - Goodman, J. A.

AU - Góra, D.

AU - Grandmont, D. T.

AU - Grant, D.

AU - Groß, A.

AU - Ha, C.

AU - Ismail, A. Haj

AU - Hallen, P.

AU - Hallgren, A.

AU - Halzen, F.

AU - Hanson, K.

AU - Heereman, D.

AU - Heinen, D.

AU - Helbing, K.

AU - Hellauer, R.

AU - Hickford, S.

AU - Hill, G. C.

AU - Hoffman, K. D.

AU - Hoffmann, R.

AU - Homeier, A.

AU - Hoshina, K.

AU - Huelsnitz, W.

AU - Hulth, P. O.

AU - Hultqvist, K.

AU - Hussain, S.

AU - Ishihara, A.

AU - Jacobi, E.

AU - Jacobsen, J.

AU - Jagielski, K.

AU - Japaridze, G. S.

AU - Jero, K.

AU - Jlelati, O.

AU - Kaminsky, B.

AU - Kappes, A.

AU - Karg, T.

AU - Karle, A.

AU - Kelley, J. L.

AU - Kiryluk, J.

AU - Kläs, J.

AU - Klein, S. R.

AU - Köhne, J. H.

AU - Kohnen, G.

AU - Kolanoski, H.

AU - Köpke, L.

AU - Kopper, C.

AU - Kopper, S.

AU - Koskinen, D. J.

AU - Kowalski, M.

AU - Krasberg, M.

AU - Krings, K.

AU - Kroll, G.

AU - Kunnen, J.

AU - Kurahashi, N.

AU - Kuwabara, T.

AU - Labare, M.

AU - Landsman, H.

AU - Larson, M. J.

AU - Lesiak-Bzdak, M.

AU - Leuermann, M.

AU - Leute, J.

AU - Lünemann, J.

AU - Macías, O.

AU - Madsen, J.

AU - Maggi, G.

AU - Maruyama, R.

AU - Mase, K.

AU - Matis, H. S.

AU - McNally, F.

AU - Meagher, K.

AU - Merck, M.

AU - Meures, T.

AU - Miarecki, S.

AU - Middell, E.

AU - Milke, N.

AU - Miller, J.

AU - Mohrmann, L.

AU - Montaruli, T.

AU - Morse, R.

AU - Nahnhauer, R.

AU - Naumann, U.

AU - Niederhausen, H.

AU - Nowicki, S. C.

AU - Nygren, D. R.

AU - Obertacke, A.

AU - Odrowski, S.

AU - Olivas, A.

AU - Omairat, A.

AU - O'Murchadha, A.

AU - Paul, L.

AU - Pepper, J. A.

AU - Heros, C. Pérez De Los

AU - Pfendner, C.

AU - Pieloth, D.

AU - Pinat, E.

AU - Posselt, J.

AU - Price, P. B.

AU - Przybylski, G. T.

AU - Rädel, L.

AU - Rameez, M.

AU - Rawlins, K.

AU - Redl, P.

AU - Reimann, R.

AU - Resconi, E.

AU - Rhode, W.

AU - Ribordy, M.

AU - Richman, M.

AU - Riedel, B.

AU - Rodrigues, J. P.

AU - Rott, C.

AU - Ruhe, T.

AU - Ruzybayev, B.

AU - Ryckbosch, D.

AU - Saba, S. M.

AU - Salameh, T.

AU - Sander, H. G.

AU - Santander, M.

AU - Sarkar, S.

AU - Schatto, K.

AU - Scheriau, F.

AU - Schmidt, T.

AU - Schmitz, M.

AU - Schoenen, S.

AU - Schöneberg, S.

AU - Schönwald, A.

AU - Schukraft, A.

AU - Schulte, L.

AU - Schulz, O.

AU - Seckel, D.

AU - Sestayo, Y.

AU - Seunarine, S.

AU - Shanidze, R.

AU - Sheremata, C.

AU - Smith, M. W.E.

AU - Soldin, D.

AU - Spiczak, G. M.

AU - Spiering, C.

AU - Stamatikos, M.

AU - Stanev, T.

AU - Stasik, A.

AU - Stezelberger, T.

AU - Stokstad, R. G.

AU - Stößl, A.

AU - Strahler, E. A.

AU - Ström, R.

AU - Sullivan, G. W.

AU - Taavola, H.

AU - Taboada, I.

AU - Tamburro, A.

AU - Tepe, A.

AU - Ter-Antonyan, S.

AU - Tešić, G.

AU - Tilav, S.

AU - Toale, P. A.

AU - Toscano, S.

AU - Unger, E.

AU - Usner, M.

AU - Vallecorsa, S.

AU - Van Eijndhoven, N.

AU - Van Overloop, A.

AU - Van Santen, J.

AU - Vehring, M.

AU - Voge, M.

AU - Vraeghe, M.

AU - Walck, C.

AU - Waldenmaier, T.

AU - Wallraff, M.

AU - Weaver, Ch

AU - Wellons, M.

AU - Wendt, C.

AU - Westerhoff, S.

AU - Whitehorn, N.

AU - Wiebe, K.

AU - Wiebusch, C. H.

AU - Williams, D. R.

AU - Wissing, H.

AU - Wolf, M.

AU - Wood, T. R.

AU - Woschnagg, K.

AU - Xu, D. L.

AU - Xu, X. W.

AU - Yanez, J. P.

AU - Yodh, G.

AU - Yoshida, S.

AU - Zarzhitsky, P.

AU - Ziemann, J.

AU - Zierke, S.

AU - Zoll, M.

PY - 2013/12/20

Y1 - 2013/12/20

N2 - We present the results of a search for neutrino point sources using the IceCube data collected between 2008 April and 2011 May with three partially completed configurations of the detector: the 40-, 59-, and 79-string configurations. The live-time of this data set is 1040 days. An unbinned maximum likelihood ratio test was used to search for an excess of neutrinos above the atmospheric background at any given direction in the sky. By adding two more years of data with improved event selection and reconstruction techniques, the sensitivity was improved by a factor of 3.5 or more with respect to the previously published results obtained with the 40-string configuration of IceCube. We performed an all-sky survey and a dedicated search using a catalog of a priori selected objects observed by other telescopes. In both searches, the data are compatible with the background-only hypothesis. In the absence of evidence for a signal, we set upper limits on the flux of muon neutrinos. For an E -2 neutrino spectrum, the observed limits are (0.9-5) × 10-12 TeV-1 cm-2 s-1 for energies between 1 TeV and 1 PeV in the northern sky and (0.9-23.2) × 10 -12 TeV-1 cm-2 s-1 for energies between 102 TeV and 102 PeV in the southern sky. We also report upper limits for neutrino emission from groups of sources that were selected according to theoretical models or observational parameters and analyzed with a stacking approach. Some of the limits presented already reach the level necessary to quantitatively test current models of neutrino emission.

AB - We present the results of a search for neutrino point sources using the IceCube data collected between 2008 April and 2011 May with three partially completed configurations of the detector: the 40-, 59-, and 79-string configurations. The live-time of this data set is 1040 days. An unbinned maximum likelihood ratio test was used to search for an excess of neutrinos above the atmospheric background at any given direction in the sky. By adding two more years of data with improved event selection and reconstruction techniques, the sensitivity was improved by a factor of 3.5 or more with respect to the previously published results obtained with the 40-string configuration of IceCube. We performed an all-sky survey and a dedicated search using a catalog of a priori selected objects observed by other telescopes. In both searches, the data are compatible with the background-only hypothesis. In the absence of evidence for a signal, we set upper limits on the flux of muon neutrinos. For an E -2 neutrino spectrum, the observed limits are (0.9-5) × 10-12 TeV-1 cm-2 s-1 for energies between 1 TeV and 1 PeV in the northern sky and (0.9-23.2) × 10 -12 TeV-1 cm-2 s-1 for energies between 102 TeV and 102 PeV in the southern sky. We also report upper limits for neutrino emission from groups of sources that were selected according to theoretical models or observational parameters and analyzed with a stacking approach. Some of the limits presented already reach the level necessary to quantitatively test current models of neutrino emission.

KW - astroparticle physics

KW - cosmic rays

KW - neutrinos

KW - telescopes

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84890099498&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84890099498&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1088/0004-637X/779/2/132

DO - 10.1088/0004-637X/779/2/132

M3 - Article

VL - 779

JO - Astrophysical Journal

JF - Astrophysical Journal

SN - 0004-637X

IS - 2

M1 - 132

ER -