SDSS galaxy clustering: Luminosity and colour dependence and stochasticity

Molly E C Swanson, Max Tegmark, Michael Blanton, Idit Zehavi

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Differences in clustering properties between galaxy subpopulations complicate the cosmological interpretation of the galaxy power spectrum, but can also provide insights about the physics underlying galaxy formation. To study the nature of this relative clustering, we perform a counts-in-cells analysis of galaxies in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey in which we measure the relative bias between pairs of galaxy subsamples of different luminosities and colours. We use a generalized χ2 test to determine if the relative bias between each pair of subsamples is consistent with the simplest deterministic linear bias model, and we also use a maximum likelihood technique to further understand the nature of the relative bias between each pair. We find that the simple, deterministic model is a good fit for the luminosity-dependent bias on scales above ∼2 h-1 Mpc, which is good news for using magnitude-limited surveys for cosmology. However, the colour-dependent bias shows evidence for stochasticity and/or non-linearity which increases in strength towards smaller scales, in agreement with previous studies of stochastic bias. Also, confirming hints seen in earlier work, the luminosity-dependent bias for red galaxies is significantly different from that of blue galaxies: both luminous and dim red galaxies have higher bias than moderately bright red galaxies, whereas the biasing of blue galaxies is not strongly luminosity dependent. These results can be used to constrain galaxy formation models and also to quantify how the colour and luminosity selection of a galaxy survey can impact measurements of the cosmological matter power spectrum.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)1635-1655
    Number of pages21
    JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
    Volume385
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Apr 2008

    Fingerprint

    stochasticity
    luminosity
    galaxies
    color
    galactic evolution
    cosmology
    subpopulation
    nonlinearity
    power spectra
    physics
    news

    Keywords

    • Galaxies: distances and redshifts
    • Galaxies: statistics
    • Large-scale structure of Universe
    • Methods: statistical
    • Surveys

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Space and Planetary Science

    Cite this

    SDSS galaxy clustering : Luminosity and colour dependence and stochasticity. / Swanson, Molly E C; Tegmark, Max; Blanton, Michael; Zehavi, Idit.

    In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 385, No. 3, 04.2008, p. 1635-1655.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Swanson, Molly E C ; Tegmark, Max ; Blanton, Michael ; Zehavi, Idit. / SDSS galaxy clustering : Luminosity and colour dependence and stochasticity. In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 2008 ; Vol. 385, No. 3. pp. 1635-1655.
    @article{42983864e5b64d04ac0bbfffc76de99f,
    title = "SDSS galaxy clustering: Luminosity and colour dependence and stochasticity",
    abstract = "Differences in clustering properties between galaxy subpopulations complicate the cosmological interpretation of the galaxy power spectrum, but can also provide insights about the physics underlying galaxy formation. To study the nature of this relative clustering, we perform a counts-in-cells analysis of galaxies in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey in which we measure the relative bias between pairs of galaxy subsamples of different luminosities and colours. We use a generalized χ2 test to determine if the relative bias between each pair of subsamples is consistent with the simplest deterministic linear bias model, and we also use a maximum likelihood technique to further understand the nature of the relative bias between each pair. We find that the simple, deterministic model is a good fit for the luminosity-dependent bias on scales above ∼2 h-1 Mpc, which is good news for using magnitude-limited surveys for cosmology. However, the colour-dependent bias shows evidence for stochasticity and/or non-linearity which increases in strength towards smaller scales, in agreement with previous studies of stochastic bias. Also, confirming hints seen in earlier work, the luminosity-dependent bias for red galaxies is significantly different from that of blue galaxies: both luminous and dim red galaxies have higher bias than moderately bright red galaxies, whereas the biasing of blue galaxies is not strongly luminosity dependent. These results can be used to constrain galaxy formation models and also to quantify how the colour and luminosity selection of a galaxy survey can impact measurements of the cosmological matter power spectrum.",
    keywords = "Galaxies: distances and redshifts, Galaxies: statistics, Large-scale structure of Universe, Methods: statistical, Surveys",
    author = "Swanson, {Molly E C} and Max Tegmark and Michael Blanton and Idit Zehavi",
    year = "2008",
    month = "4",
    doi = "10.1111/j.1365-2966.2008.12948.x",
    language = "English (US)",
    volume = "385",
    pages = "1635--1655",
    journal = "Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society",
    issn = "0035-8711",
    publisher = "Oxford University Press",
    number = "3",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - SDSS galaxy clustering

    T2 - Luminosity and colour dependence and stochasticity

    AU - Swanson, Molly E C

    AU - Tegmark, Max

    AU - Blanton, Michael

    AU - Zehavi, Idit

    PY - 2008/4

    Y1 - 2008/4

    N2 - Differences in clustering properties between galaxy subpopulations complicate the cosmological interpretation of the galaxy power spectrum, but can also provide insights about the physics underlying galaxy formation. To study the nature of this relative clustering, we perform a counts-in-cells analysis of galaxies in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey in which we measure the relative bias between pairs of galaxy subsamples of different luminosities and colours. We use a generalized χ2 test to determine if the relative bias between each pair of subsamples is consistent with the simplest deterministic linear bias model, and we also use a maximum likelihood technique to further understand the nature of the relative bias between each pair. We find that the simple, deterministic model is a good fit for the luminosity-dependent bias on scales above ∼2 h-1 Mpc, which is good news for using magnitude-limited surveys for cosmology. However, the colour-dependent bias shows evidence for stochasticity and/or non-linearity which increases in strength towards smaller scales, in agreement with previous studies of stochastic bias. Also, confirming hints seen in earlier work, the luminosity-dependent bias for red galaxies is significantly different from that of blue galaxies: both luminous and dim red galaxies have higher bias than moderately bright red galaxies, whereas the biasing of blue galaxies is not strongly luminosity dependent. These results can be used to constrain galaxy formation models and also to quantify how the colour and luminosity selection of a galaxy survey can impact measurements of the cosmological matter power spectrum.

    AB - Differences in clustering properties between galaxy subpopulations complicate the cosmological interpretation of the galaxy power spectrum, but can also provide insights about the physics underlying galaxy formation. To study the nature of this relative clustering, we perform a counts-in-cells analysis of galaxies in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey in which we measure the relative bias between pairs of galaxy subsamples of different luminosities and colours. We use a generalized χ2 test to determine if the relative bias between each pair of subsamples is consistent with the simplest deterministic linear bias model, and we also use a maximum likelihood technique to further understand the nature of the relative bias between each pair. We find that the simple, deterministic model is a good fit for the luminosity-dependent bias on scales above ∼2 h-1 Mpc, which is good news for using magnitude-limited surveys for cosmology. However, the colour-dependent bias shows evidence for stochasticity and/or non-linearity which increases in strength towards smaller scales, in agreement with previous studies of stochastic bias. Also, confirming hints seen in earlier work, the luminosity-dependent bias for red galaxies is significantly different from that of blue galaxies: both luminous and dim red galaxies have higher bias than moderately bright red galaxies, whereas the biasing of blue galaxies is not strongly luminosity dependent. These results can be used to constrain galaxy formation models and also to quantify how the colour and luminosity selection of a galaxy survey can impact measurements of the cosmological matter power spectrum.

    KW - Galaxies: distances and redshifts

    KW - Galaxies: statistics

    KW - Large-scale structure of Universe

    KW - Methods: statistical

    KW - Surveys

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=41649094214&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=41649094214&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2008.12948.x

    DO - 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2008.12948.x

    M3 - Article

    VL - 385

    SP - 1635

    EP - 1655

    JO - Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

    JF - Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

    SN - 0035-8711

    IS - 3

    ER -