School climate and the impact of neighborhood crime on test scores

Agustina Laurito, Johanna Lacoe, Amy Ellen Schwartz, Patrick Sharkey, Ingrid Ellen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Does school climate ameliorate or exacerbate the impact of neighborhood violent crime on test scores? Using administrative data from the New York City Department of Education and the New York City Police Department, we find that exposure to violence in the residential neighborhood and an unsafe climate at school lead to substantial test score losses in English language arts (ELA). Middle school students exposed to neighborhood violent crime before the ELA exam who attend schools perceived to be less safe or to have a weak sense of community score 0.06 and 0.03 standard deviations lower, respectively. We find the largest negative effects for boys and Hispanic students in the least safe schools, and no effect of neighborhood crime for students attending schools with better climates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)141-166
Number of pages26
JournalRSF
Volume5
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

school climate
offense
violent crime
school
English language
climate
art
student
police
violence
community
education

Keywords

  • Environment
  • Neighborhood violence
  • School climate
  • Test scores

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

School climate and the impact of neighborhood crime on test scores. / Laurito, Agustina; Lacoe, Johanna; Schwartz, Amy Ellen; Sharkey, Patrick; Ellen, Ingrid.

In: RSF, Vol. 5, No. 2, 01.01.2019, p. 141-166.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Laurito, Agustina ; Lacoe, Johanna ; Schwartz, Amy Ellen ; Sharkey, Patrick ; Ellen, Ingrid. / School climate and the impact of neighborhood crime on test scores. In: RSF. 2019 ; Vol. 5, No. 2. pp. 141-166.
@article{b526ffa0edc34460b75df806154e668b,
title = "School climate and the impact of neighborhood crime on test scores",
abstract = "Does school climate ameliorate or exacerbate the impact of neighborhood violent crime on test scores? Using administrative data from the New York City Department of Education and the New York City Police Department, we find that exposure to violence in the residential neighborhood and an unsafe climate at school lead to substantial test score losses in English language arts (ELA). Middle school students exposed to neighborhood violent crime before the ELA exam who attend schools perceived to be less safe or to have a weak sense of community score 0.06 and 0.03 standard deviations lower, respectively. We find the largest negative effects for boys and Hispanic students in the least safe schools, and no effect of neighborhood crime for students attending schools with better climates.",
keywords = "Environment, Neighborhood violence, School climate, Test scores",
author = "Agustina Laurito and Johanna Lacoe and Schwartz, {Amy Ellen} and Patrick Sharkey and Ingrid Ellen",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.7758/RSF.2019.5.2.08",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "5",
pages = "141--166",
journal = "RSF",
issn = "2377-8253",
publisher = "Russell Sage Foundation",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - School climate and the impact of neighborhood crime on test scores

AU - Laurito, Agustina

AU - Lacoe, Johanna

AU - Schwartz, Amy Ellen

AU - Sharkey, Patrick

AU - Ellen, Ingrid

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Does school climate ameliorate or exacerbate the impact of neighborhood violent crime on test scores? Using administrative data from the New York City Department of Education and the New York City Police Department, we find that exposure to violence in the residential neighborhood and an unsafe climate at school lead to substantial test score losses in English language arts (ELA). Middle school students exposed to neighborhood violent crime before the ELA exam who attend schools perceived to be less safe or to have a weak sense of community score 0.06 and 0.03 standard deviations lower, respectively. We find the largest negative effects for boys and Hispanic students in the least safe schools, and no effect of neighborhood crime for students attending schools with better climates.

AB - Does school climate ameliorate or exacerbate the impact of neighborhood violent crime on test scores? Using administrative data from the New York City Department of Education and the New York City Police Department, we find that exposure to violence in the residential neighborhood and an unsafe climate at school lead to substantial test score losses in English language arts (ELA). Middle school students exposed to neighborhood violent crime before the ELA exam who attend schools perceived to be less safe or to have a weak sense of community score 0.06 and 0.03 standard deviations lower, respectively. We find the largest negative effects for boys and Hispanic students in the least safe schools, and no effect of neighborhood crime for students attending schools with better climates.

KW - Environment

KW - Neighborhood violence

KW - School climate

KW - Test scores

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85069454243&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85069454243&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.7758/RSF.2019.5.2.08

DO - 10.7758/RSF.2019.5.2.08

M3 - Article

VL - 5

SP - 141

EP - 166

JO - RSF

JF - RSF

SN - 2377-8253

IS - 2

ER -