Saliva and viral infections

Paul L A M Corstjens, William R. Abrams, Daniel Malamud

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Over the last 10 years there have been only a handful of publications dealing with the oral virome, which is in contrast to the oral microbiome, an area that has seen considerable interest. Here, we survey viral infections in general and then focus on those viruses that are found in and/or are transmitted via the oral cavity; norovirus, rabies, human papillomavirus, Epstein-Barr virus, herpes simplex viruses, hepatitis C virus, and HIV. Increasingly, viral infections have been diagnosed using an oral sample (e.g. saliva mucosal transudate or an oral swab) instead of blood or urine. The results of two studies using a rapid and semi-quantitative lateral flow assay format demonstrating the correlation of HIV anti-IgG/sIgA detection with saliva and serum samples are presented. When immediate detection of infection is important, point-of-care devices that obtain a non-invasive sample from the oral cavity can be used to provide a first line diagnosis to assist in determining appropriate counselling and therapeutic path for an increasing number of diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)93-110
Number of pages18
JournalPeriodontology 2000
Volume70
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2016

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Virus Diseases
Saliva
Mouth
Point-of-Care Systems
HIV
Norovirus
Rabies
Microbiota
Exudates and Transudates
Simplexvirus
Human Herpesvirus 4
Hepacivirus
Publications
Counseling
Urine
Viruses
Equipment and Supplies
Infection
Serum
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Periodontics

Cite this

Corstjens, P. L. A. M., Abrams, W. R., & Malamud, D. (2016). Saliva and viral infections. Periodontology 2000, 70(1), 93-110. https://doi.org/10.1111/prd.12112

Saliva and viral infections. / Corstjens, Paul L A M; Abrams, William R.; Malamud, Daniel.

In: Periodontology 2000, Vol. 70, No. 1, 01.02.2016, p. 93-110.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Corstjens, PLAM, Abrams, WR & Malamud, D 2016, 'Saliva and viral infections', Periodontology 2000, vol. 70, no. 1, pp. 93-110. https://doi.org/10.1111/prd.12112
Corstjens, Paul L A M ; Abrams, William R. ; Malamud, Daniel. / Saliva and viral infections. In: Periodontology 2000. 2016 ; Vol. 70, No. 1. pp. 93-110.
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