Rotational and vibrational temperature measurements in a high-pressure cylindrical dielectric barrier discharge (C-DBD)

N. Masoud, K. Martus, M. Figus, K. Becker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The rotational (TR) and vibrational (Tv) temperatures of N 2 molecules were measured in a high-pressure cylindrical dielectric barrier discharge (C-DBD) source in Ne with trace amounts (0.02 %) of N 2 and dry air excited by radio-frequency (rf) power. Both T R and Tv of the N2 molecules in the C 3Eg state were determined from an emission spectroscopic analysis the 2nd positive system (C3IIu → B3IIg). Gas temperatures were inferred from the measured rotational temperatures. As a function of pressure, the rotational temperature is essentially constant at about 360 K in the range from 200 Torr to 600 Torr (at 30 W rf power) and increases slightly with increasing rf power at constant pressure. As one would expect, vibrational temperature measurements revealed significantly higher temperatures. The vibrational temperature decreases with pressure from 3030 K at 200 Torr to 2270 K at 600 Torr (at 30 W rf power). As a function of rf power, the vibrational temperature increases from 2520 K at 20 W to 2940 K at 60 W (at 400 Torr). Both TR and Tv also show a dependence on the excitation frequency at the two frequencies that we studied, 400 kHz and 13.56 MHz. Adding trace amounts of air instead of N2 to the Ne in the discharge resulted in higher TR and Tv values and in a different pressure dependence of the rotational and vibrational temperatures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)32-39
Number of pages8
JournalContributions to Plasma Physics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2005



  • DGD
  • Gas discharge
  • Plasma temperature measurement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics

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