Risk networks and racial/ethnic differences in the prevalence of HIV infection among injection drug users

Benny J. Kottiri, Samuel R. Friedman, Alan Neaigus, Richard Curtis, Don Des Jarlais

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Studies among injection drug users (IDUs) find a higher prevalence of HIV infection among black and Puerto Rican IDUs than among white IDUs. Risk behaviors seldom explain these differences. We examine how risk networks contribute to racial/ethnic variations in HIV prevalence. Six hundred sixty-two IDUs were recruited on the street in Bushwick (New York City), interviewed, and tested for HIV. Risk behaviors and networks were analyzed to explain racial/ethnic variations in HIV. Forty percent of IDUs were infected with HIV. HIV prevalence was greater for Puerto Ricans (45%) and blacks (44%) than for whites (32%). Egocentric sexual and drug risk networks were predominantly racially/ethnically homogeneous. After multivariate adjustments for risk behaviors and risk networks, black-white differences in HIV prevalence were no longer significant. Although differences between Puerto Ricans and whites persisted, post hoc analyses suggested that network partner characteristics might explain these differences. In Bushwick, racially/ethnically discordant risk partnerships involving black IDUs may function as potential bridges of transmission between groups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)95-104
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
Volume30
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2002

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Drug Users
HIV Infections
HIV
Injections
Risk-Taking
Hispanic Americans
Pharmaceutical Preparations

Keywords

  • Ethnicity
  • HIV
  • Injection drug users
  • Networks
  • Race

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology (medical)

Cite this

Risk networks and racial/ethnic differences in the prevalence of HIV infection among injection drug users. / Kottiri, Benny J.; Friedman, Samuel R.; Neaigus, Alan; Curtis, Richard; Des Jarlais, Don.

In: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, Vol. 30, No. 1, 01.05.2002, p. 95-104.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kottiri, Benny J. ; Friedman, Samuel R. ; Neaigus, Alan ; Curtis, Richard ; Des Jarlais, Don. / Risk networks and racial/ethnic differences in the prevalence of HIV infection among injection drug users. In: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes. 2002 ; Vol. 30, No. 1. pp. 95-104.
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