Risk factors for child physical abuse

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We review the risk and protective factors for child physical abuse (CPA). An etiological model based on moderate to strongly supported risk factors would begin with distal perpetrator variables of being abused as a child/teen and receiving less family social support as a child. Next might come current family variables such as parents' youth, father's drinking, and family's living in a community that is impoverished and/or has a lower percentage of two parent families. More proximal variables that increase the probability of parents, especially mothers, employing severe or abusive physical tactics could include mothers' dysphoria (e.g., unhappiness, emotional distress, anxiety, loneliness and isolation, depression, somatic complaints, interpersonal problems, feelings of incompetence as a parent, a tendency toward becoming upset and angry), and stress (more stressful life events, including parenting and other family stresses) and coping (most likely a protective factor, including problem solving and social support). Finally, risk factors that are proximal to abuse could include mothers' high reactivity (impulsivity, high negative affect and autonomic nervous system arousal), high-risk parenting (harsh discipline strategies, verbal aggression, yelling), and negative attributions, and children's behavior problems (e.g., socialized aggression, attention deficits, and internalizing and externalizing problems).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)121-188
Number of pages68
JournalAggression and Violent Behavior
Volume6
Issue number2-3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001

Fingerprint

Child Abuse
abuse
parents
Mothers
Parenting
Aggression
Social Support
aggression
social support
Parents
Loneliness
Impulsive Behavior
Autonomic Nervous System
ADHD
Child Behavior
Arousal
Fathers
complaint
tactics
attribution

Keywords

  • Child
  • Physical abuse
  • Risk factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Social Psychology
  • Law

Cite this

Risk factors for child physical abuse. / Black, Danielle A.; Heyman, Richard E.; Smith Slep, Amy M.

In: Aggression and Violent Behavior, Vol. 6, No. 2-3, 2001, p. 121-188.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{01205aa8645a4b99b6d96f891ac951a9,
title = "Risk factors for child physical abuse",
abstract = "We review the risk and protective factors for child physical abuse (CPA). An etiological model based on moderate to strongly supported risk factors would begin with distal perpetrator variables of being abused as a child/teen and receiving less family social support as a child. Next might come current family variables such as parents' youth, father's drinking, and family's living in a community that is impoverished and/or has a lower percentage of two parent families. More proximal variables that increase the probability of parents, especially mothers, employing severe or abusive physical tactics could include mothers' dysphoria (e.g., unhappiness, emotional distress, anxiety, loneliness and isolation, depression, somatic complaints, interpersonal problems, feelings of incompetence as a parent, a tendency toward becoming upset and angry), and stress (more stressful life events, including parenting and other family stresses) and coping (most likely a protective factor, including problem solving and social support). Finally, risk factors that are proximal to abuse could include mothers' high reactivity (impulsivity, high negative affect and autonomic nervous system arousal), high-risk parenting (harsh discipline strategies, verbal aggression, yelling), and negative attributions, and children's behavior problems (e.g., socialized aggression, attention deficits, and internalizing and externalizing problems).",
keywords = "Child, Physical abuse, Risk factor",
author = "Black, {Danielle A.} and Heyman, {Richard E.} and {Smith Slep}, {Amy M.}",
year = "2001",
doi = "10.1016/S1359-1789(00)00021-5",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "6",
pages = "121--188",
journal = "Aggression and Violent Behavior",
issn = "1359-1789",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "2-3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Risk factors for child physical abuse

AU - Black, Danielle A.

AU - Heyman, Richard E.

AU - Smith Slep, Amy M.

PY - 2001

Y1 - 2001

N2 - We review the risk and protective factors for child physical abuse (CPA). An etiological model based on moderate to strongly supported risk factors would begin with distal perpetrator variables of being abused as a child/teen and receiving less family social support as a child. Next might come current family variables such as parents' youth, father's drinking, and family's living in a community that is impoverished and/or has a lower percentage of two parent families. More proximal variables that increase the probability of parents, especially mothers, employing severe or abusive physical tactics could include mothers' dysphoria (e.g., unhappiness, emotional distress, anxiety, loneliness and isolation, depression, somatic complaints, interpersonal problems, feelings of incompetence as a parent, a tendency toward becoming upset and angry), and stress (more stressful life events, including parenting and other family stresses) and coping (most likely a protective factor, including problem solving and social support). Finally, risk factors that are proximal to abuse could include mothers' high reactivity (impulsivity, high negative affect and autonomic nervous system arousal), high-risk parenting (harsh discipline strategies, verbal aggression, yelling), and negative attributions, and children's behavior problems (e.g., socialized aggression, attention deficits, and internalizing and externalizing problems).

AB - We review the risk and protective factors for child physical abuse (CPA). An etiological model based on moderate to strongly supported risk factors would begin with distal perpetrator variables of being abused as a child/teen and receiving less family social support as a child. Next might come current family variables such as parents' youth, father's drinking, and family's living in a community that is impoverished and/or has a lower percentage of two parent families. More proximal variables that increase the probability of parents, especially mothers, employing severe or abusive physical tactics could include mothers' dysphoria (e.g., unhappiness, emotional distress, anxiety, loneliness and isolation, depression, somatic complaints, interpersonal problems, feelings of incompetence as a parent, a tendency toward becoming upset and angry), and stress (more stressful life events, including parenting and other family stresses) and coping (most likely a protective factor, including problem solving and social support). Finally, risk factors that are proximal to abuse could include mothers' high reactivity (impulsivity, high negative affect and autonomic nervous system arousal), high-risk parenting (harsh discipline strategies, verbal aggression, yelling), and negative attributions, and children's behavior problems (e.g., socialized aggression, attention deficits, and internalizing and externalizing problems).

KW - Child

KW - Physical abuse

KW - Risk factor

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0035092882&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0035092882&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S1359-1789(00)00021-5

DO - 10.1016/S1359-1789(00)00021-5

M3 - Article

VL - 6

SP - 121

EP - 188

JO - Aggression and Violent Behavior

JF - Aggression and Violent Behavior

SN - 1359-1789

IS - 2-3

ER -