Risk factors and neuropsychological recovery in clients with alcohol use disorders who were exposed to different treatments

Marsha E. Bates, Danielle Barry, Erich W. Labouvie, William Fals-Stewart, Gerald Voelbel, Jennifer F. Buckman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Risk covariates of neuropsychological ability (NA) at treatment entry and neuropsychological recovery (NR) across 15 months were examined and replicated in 2 samples (Ns = 952 and 774) from Project MATCH, a multisite study of alcoholism treatments. NA at treatment entry was associated with age, education, and other covariates. Statistically significant mean increases in NA over time had small effect sizes, suggesting limited clinical significance of NR in the samples as a whole. However, initial NA and a combination of risk factors in direct and mediated pathways predicted a large proportion of individual differences in NR. Statistically significant but modest differential treatment effects on NR suggest that addiction treatments may need to be modified or developed to facilitate this important aspect of recovery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1073-1080
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Volume72
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2004

Fingerprint

Aptitude
Alcohols
Individuality
Alcoholism
Education

Keywords

  • neuropsychological recovery
  • alcohol use disorders
  • substance abuse
  • substance users
  • substance use disorders
  • substance use treatment programs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Risk factors and neuropsychological recovery in clients with alcohol use disorders who were exposed to different treatments. / Bates, Marsha E.; Barry, Danielle; Labouvie, Erich W.; Fals-Stewart, William; Voelbel, Gerald; Buckman, Jennifer F.

In: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, Vol. 72, No. 6, 12.2004, p. 1073-1080.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bates, Marsha E. ; Barry, Danielle ; Labouvie, Erich W. ; Fals-Stewart, William ; Voelbel, Gerald ; Buckman, Jennifer F. / Risk factors and neuropsychological recovery in clients with alcohol use disorders who were exposed to different treatments. In: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 2004 ; Vol. 72, No. 6. pp. 1073-1080.
@article{4e4984981959487c8ed74088592af1d9,
title = "Risk factors and neuropsychological recovery in clients with alcohol use disorders who were exposed to different treatments",
abstract = "Risk covariates of neuropsychological ability (NA) at treatment entry and neuropsychological recovery (NR) across 15 months were examined and replicated in 2 samples (Ns = 952 and 774) from Project MATCH, a multisite study of alcoholism treatments. NA at treatment entry was associated with age, education, and other covariates. Statistically significant mean increases in NA over time had small effect sizes, suggesting limited clinical significance of NR in the samples as a whole. However, initial NA and a combination of risk factors in direct and mediated pathways predicted a large proportion of individual differences in NR. Statistically significant but modest differential treatment effects on NR suggest that addiction treatments may need to be modified or developed to facilitate this important aspect of recovery.",
keywords = "neuropsychological recovery, alcohol use disorders, substance abuse, substance users, substance use disorders, substance use treatment programs",
author = "Bates, {Marsha E.} and Danielle Barry and Labouvie, {Erich W.} and William Fals-Stewart and Gerald Voelbel and Buckman, {Jennifer F.}",
year = "2004",
month = "12",
doi = "10.1037/0022-006X.72.6.1073",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "72",
pages = "1073--1080",
journal = "Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology",
issn = "0022-006X",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Risk factors and neuropsychological recovery in clients with alcohol use disorders who were exposed to different treatments

AU - Bates, Marsha E.

AU - Barry, Danielle

AU - Labouvie, Erich W.

AU - Fals-Stewart, William

AU - Voelbel, Gerald

AU - Buckman, Jennifer F.

PY - 2004/12

Y1 - 2004/12

N2 - Risk covariates of neuropsychological ability (NA) at treatment entry and neuropsychological recovery (NR) across 15 months were examined and replicated in 2 samples (Ns = 952 and 774) from Project MATCH, a multisite study of alcoholism treatments. NA at treatment entry was associated with age, education, and other covariates. Statistically significant mean increases in NA over time had small effect sizes, suggesting limited clinical significance of NR in the samples as a whole. However, initial NA and a combination of risk factors in direct and mediated pathways predicted a large proportion of individual differences in NR. Statistically significant but modest differential treatment effects on NR suggest that addiction treatments may need to be modified or developed to facilitate this important aspect of recovery.

AB - Risk covariates of neuropsychological ability (NA) at treatment entry and neuropsychological recovery (NR) across 15 months were examined and replicated in 2 samples (Ns = 952 and 774) from Project MATCH, a multisite study of alcoholism treatments. NA at treatment entry was associated with age, education, and other covariates. Statistically significant mean increases in NA over time had small effect sizes, suggesting limited clinical significance of NR in the samples as a whole. However, initial NA and a combination of risk factors in direct and mediated pathways predicted a large proportion of individual differences in NR. Statistically significant but modest differential treatment effects on NR suggest that addiction treatments may need to be modified or developed to facilitate this important aspect of recovery.

KW - neuropsychological recovery

KW - alcohol use disorders

KW - substance abuse

KW - substance users

KW - substance use disorders

KW - substance use treatment programs

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=10644281079&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=10644281079&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/0022-006X.72.6.1073

DO - 10.1037/0022-006X.72.6.1073

M3 - Article

C2 - 15612853

AN - SCOPUS:10644281079

VL - 72

SP - 1073

EP - 1080

JO - Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology

JF - Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology

SN - 0022-006X

IS - 6

ER -