Risk behaviors for hiv and hcv infection among people who inject drugs in hai phong, viet nam, 2014

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Abstract

We examined the potential for HIV and hepatitis C (HCV) transmission across persons who inject drugs (PWID), men-who-have-sex-with-men (MSM) and female commercial sex workers (CSW) PWID and the potential for sexual transmission of HIV from PWID to the general population in Hai Phong, Viet Nam. Using respondent driven and convenience sampling we recruited 603 participants in 2014. All participants used heroin; 24% used non-injected methamphetamine. HIV prevalence was 25%; HCV prevalence was 67%. HIV infection was associated with HCV prevalence and both infections were associated with length of injecting career. Reported injecting risk behaviors were low; unsafe sexual behavior was high among MSM-PWID and CSW-PWID. There is strong possibility of sexual transmission to primary partners facilitated by methamphetamine use. We would suggest future HIV prevention programs utilize multiple interventions including ‘‘treatment as prevention’’ to potential sexual transmission of HIV among MSM and CSW-PWID and from PWID to the general population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to):2161-2171
JournalAIDS and Behavior
Volume22
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2018

Keywords

  • Hiv
  • Men who have sex with men (msm)
  • Persons who inject drugs (pwid)
  • Respondent driven sampling (rds)
  • Sex workers
  • Vietnam

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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