Review of the Captain America Graphic Novel ‘TRUTH

Red, White and Black’ Focusing on Parallels with the Infamous USPHS Syphilis Study at Tuskegee

S. Batbold, R. Ellis, Ralph Katz, R. C. Warren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This review presents the first detailed presentation of the parallelism between the Tuskegee Syphilis Study and the Captain America graphic novel ‘TRUTH: Red, White and Black’ published as a graphic novel by Marvel Comics in 2004 as a paperback, and then in 2009 as a hardcover. First written, published and distributed monthly in 2003 as pre-sequel seven comic book series to tell the story of the origins of the WWII superhero Captain America. In 2003, Marvel Comics chose to tell a ‘very dark story’ to explain the origins of Captain America, a half century after the initial introduction of Captain America as a WWII action hero in 1940. By detailing—for the first time—nine parallel aspects between these two storylines, this review demonstrates how Marvel Comics brought the tragic Tuskegee Syphilis Study story into the popular press, thus reaching an audience far beyond traditional bioethics academicians. This review is intended to stimulate and guide classroom discussions on the ethical issues at the core of the infamous Tuskegee Syphilis Study allowing bioethical issues to be made more accessible to the general public, via school curriculums, by the use of graphic novels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of the National Medical Association
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

United States Public Health Service
Syphilis
Bioethical Issues
Bioethics
Ethics
Curriculum
hydroquinone

Keywords

  • Bioethics
  • Curriculum development
  • Folk media
  • Human research subject protection
  • Literature review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

@article{c9dba0beb68148129f59d952355257ea,
title = "Review of the Captain America Graphic Novel ‘TRUTH: Red, White and Black’ Focusing on Parallels with the Infamous USPHS Syphilis Study at Tuskegee",
abstract = "This review presents the first detailed presentation of the parallelism between the Tuskegee Syphilis Study and the Captain America graphic novel ‘TRUTH: Red, White and Black’ published as a graphic novel by Marvel Comics in 2004 as a paperback, and then in 2009 as a hardcover. First written, published and distributed monthly in 2003 as pre-sequel seven comic book series to tell the story of the origins of the WWII superhero Captain America. In 2003, Marvel Comics chose to tell a ‘very dark story’ to explain the origins of Captain America, a half century after the initial introduction of Captain America as a WWII action hero in 1940. By detailing—for the first time—nine parallel aspects between these two storylines, this review demonstrates how Marvel Comics brought the tragic Tuskegee Syphilis Study story into the popular press, thus reaching an audience far beyond traditional bioethics academicians. This review is intended to stimulate and guide classroom discussions on the ethical issues at the core of the infamous Tuskegee Syphilis Study allowing bioethical issues to be made more accessible to the general public, via school curriculums, by the use of graphic novels.",
keywords = "Bioethics, Curriculum development, Folk media, Human research subject protection, Literature review",
author = "S. Batbold and R. Ellis and Ralph Katz and Warren, {R. C.}",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.jnma.2019.01.004",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "Journal of the National Medical Association",
issn = "1943-4693",
publisher = "National Medical Association",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Review of the Captain America Graphic Novel ‘TRUTH

T2 - Red, White and Black’ Focusing on Parallels with the Infamous USPHS Syphilis Study at Tuskegee

AU - Batbold, S.

AU - Ellis, R.

AU - Katz, Ralph

AU - Warren, R. C.

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - This review presents the first detailed presentation of the parallelism between the Tuskegee Syphilis Study and the Captain America graphic novel ‘TRUTH: Red, White and Black’ published as a graphic novel by Marvel Comics in 2004 as a paperback, and then in 2009 as a hardcover. First written, published and distributed monthly in 2003 as pre-sequel seven comic book series to tell the story of the origins of the WWII superhero Captain America. In 2003, Marvel Comics chose to tell a ‘very dark story’ to explain the origins of Captain America, a half century after the initial introduction of Captain America as a WWII action hero in 1940. By detailing—for the first time—nine parallel aspects between these two storylines, this review demonstrates how Marvel Comics brought the tragic Tuskegee Syphilis Study story into the popular press, thus reaching an audience far beyond traditional bioethics academicians. This review is intended to stimulate and guide classroom discussions on the ethical issues at the core of the infamous Tuskegee Syphilis Study allowing bioethical issues to be made more accessible to the general public, via school curriculums, by the use of graphic novels.

AB - This review presents the first detailed presentation of the parallelism between the Tuskegee Syphilis Study and the Captain America graphic novel ‘TRUTH: Red, White and Black’ published as a graphic novel by Marvel Comics in 2004 as a paperback, and then in 2009 as a hardcover. First written, published and distributed monthly in 2003 as pre-sequel seven comic book series to tell the story of the origins of the WWII superhero Captain America. In 2003, Marvel Comics chose to tell a ‘very dark story’ to explain the origins of Captain America, a half century after the initial introduction of Captain America as a WWII action hero in 1940. By detailing—for the first time—nine parallel aspects between these two storylines, this review demonstrates how Marvel Comics brought the tragic Tuskegee Syphilis Study story into the popular press, thus reaching an audience far beyond traditional bioethics academicians. This review is intended to stimulate and guide classroom discussions on the ethical issues at the core of the infamous Tuskegee Syphilis Study allowing bioethical issues to be made more accessible to the general public, via school curriculums, by the use of graphic novels.

KW - Bioethics

KW - Curriculum development

KW - Folk media

KW - Human research subject protection

KW - Literature review

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85061100709&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85061100709&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jnma.2019.01.004

DO - 10.1016/j.jnma.2019.01.004

M3 - Article

JO - Journal of the National Medical Association

JF - Journal of the National Medical Association

SN - 1943-4693

ER -