Returns to skill, compensating differentials, and gender bias

effects of occupational characteristics on the wages of white women and men

B. S. Kilbourne, Paula England, G. Farkas, K. Beron, D. Weir

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    A regression model with fixed-effects and national individual-level panel data (1966-81) is used to decompose the sex gap in pay. Net positive returns to individuals' education and experience and to occupations' cognitive and physical skills are found. While sex differences in experience have large effects on the sex gap skill contributes little to the gap. Negative returns to being in an occupation with a higher percentage of females or requiring more nurturant social skill are found. These forms of gendered valuation contribute significantly to the sex gap in pay. The analysis did not find consistently positive effects for onerous physical conditions, nor did these have much effect on the gap. -Authors

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)689-719
    Number of pages31
    JournalAmerican Journal of Sociology
    Volume100
    Issue number3
    StatePublished - 1994

    Fingerprint

    wage
    gender
    trend
    occupation
    experience
    regression
    education

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Sociology and Political Science

    Cite this

    Returns to skill, compensating differentials, and gender bias : effects of occupational characteristics on the wages of white women and men. / Kilbourne, B. S.; England, Paula; Farkas, G.; Beron, K.; Weir, D.

    In: American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 100, No. 3, 1994, p. 689-719.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Kilbourne, B. S. ; England, Paula ; Farkas, G. ; Beron, K. ; Weir, D. / Returns to skill, compensating differentials, and gender bias : effects of occupational characteristics on the wages of white women and men. In: American Journal of Sociology. 1994 ; Vol. 100, No. 3. pp. 689-719.
    @article{bcc68dc049694fbcbe2e77af6eb713e3,
    title = "Returns to skill, compensating differentials, and gender bias: effects of occupational characteristics on the wages of white women and men",
    abstract = "A regression model with fixed-effects and national individual-level panel data (1966-81) is used to decompose the sex gap in pay. Net positive returns to individuals' education and experience and to occupations' cognitive and physical skills are found. While sex differences in experience have large effects on the sex gap skill contributes little to the gap. Negative returns to being in an occupation with a higher percentage of females or requiring more nurturant social skill are found. These forms of gendered valuation contribute significantly to the sex gap in pay. The analysis did not find consistently positive effects for onerous physical conditions, nor did these have much effect on the gap. -Authors",
    author = "Kilbourne, {B. S.} and Paula England and G. Farkas and K. Beron and D. Weir",
    year = "1994",
    language = "English (US)",
    volume = "100",
    pages = "689--719",
    journal = "American Journal of Sociology",
    issn = "0002-9602",
    publisher = "University of Chicago",
    number = "3",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Returns to skill, compensating differentials, and gender bias

    T2 - effects of occupational characteristics on the wages of white women and men

    AU - Kilbourne, B. S.

    AU - England, Paula

    AU - Farkas, G.

    AU - Beron, K.

    AU - Weir, D.

    PY - 1994

    Y1 - 1994

    N2 - A regression model with fixed-effects and national individual-level panel data (1966-81) is used to decompose the sex gap in pay. Net positive returns to individuals' education and experience and to occupations' cognitive and physical skills are found. While sex differences in experience have large effects on the sex gap skill contributes little to the gap. Negative returns to being in an occupation with a higher percentage of females or requiring more nurturant social skill are found. These forms of gendered valuation contribute significantly to the sex gap in pay. The analysis did not find consistently positive effects for onerous physical conditions, nor did these have much effect on the gap. -Authors

    AB - A regression model with fixed-effects and national individual-level panel data (1966-81) is used to decompose the sex gap in pay. Net positive returns to individuals' education and experience and to occupations' cognitive and physical skills are found. While sex differences in experience have large effects on the sex gap skill contributes little to the gap. Negative returns to being in an occupation with a higher percentage of females or requiring more nurturant social skill are found. These forms of gendered valuation contribute significantly to the sex gap in pay. The analysis did not find consistently positive effects for onerous physical conditions, nor did these have much effect on the gap. -Authors

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0028606610&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0028606610&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    M3 - Article

    VL - 100

    SP - 689

    EP - 719

    JO - American Journal of Sociology

    JF - American Journal of Sociology

    SN - 0002-9602

    IS - 3

    ER -