Retrieval interference in sentence comprehension

Julie A. Van Dyke, Brian McElree

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The role of interference effects in sentence processing has recently begun to receive attention, however whether these effects arise during encoding or retrieval remains unclear. This paper draws on basic memory research to help distinguish these explanations and reports data from an experiment that manipulates the possibility for retrieval interference while holding encoding conditions constant. We found clear support for the principle of cue-overload, wherein cues available at retrieval cannot uniquely distinguish among competitors, thus giving rise to interference effects. We discuss the data in relation to a cue-based parsing framework (Van Dyke & Lewis, 2003) and other interference effects observed in sentence processing (e.g., Gordon, Hendrick, & Johnson, 2001, 2004). We conclude from the available data that the memory system that subserves language comprehension operates according to similar principles as memory in other domains.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)157-166
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Memory and Language
Volume55
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2006

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Cues
interference
comprehension
Data storage equipment
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Information Systems
Language
Research
Interference
Sentence Comprehension
experiment
language
Experiments
Encoding
Sentence Processing

Keywords

  • Cue-overload
  • Language comprehension
  • Memory
  • Parsing
  • Retrieval interference

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Linguistics and Language

Cite this

Retrieval interference in sentence comprehension. / Van Dyke, Julie A.; McElree, Brian.

In: Journal of Memory and Language, Vol. 55, No. 2, 08.2006, p. 157-166.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Van Dyke, Julie A. ; McElree, Brian. / Retrieval interference in sentence comprehension. In: Journal of Memory and Language. 2006 ; Vol. 55, No. 2. pp. 157-166.
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