Response of the XENON100 dark matter detector to nuclear recoils

E. Aprile, M. Alfonsi, K. Arisaka, F. Arneodo, C. Balan, L. Baudis, B. Bauermeister, A. Behrens, P. Beltrame, K. Bokeloh, A. Brown, E. Brown, S. Bruenner, G. Bruno, R. Budnik, J. M.R. Cardoso, W. T. Chen, B. Choi, A. P. Colijn, H. ContrerasJ. P. Cussonneau, M. P. Decowski, E. Duchovni, S. Fattori, A. D. Ferella, W. Fulgione, F. Gao, M. Garbini, C. Geis, C. Ghag, K. L. Giboni, L. W. Goetzke, C. Grignon, E. Gross, W. Hampel, R. Itay, F. Kaether, G. Kessler, A. Kish, H. Landsman, R. F. Lang, M. Le Calloch, C. Levy, K. E. Lim, Q. Lin, S. Lindemann, M. Lindner, J. A.M. Lopes, K. Lung, T. Marrodán Undagoitia, F. V. Massoli, A. J. Melgarejo Fernandez, Y. Meng, M. Messina, A. Molinario, K. Ni, U. Oberlack, S. E.A. Orrigo, E. Pantic, R. Persiani, G. Plante, N. Priel, A. Rizzo, S. Rosendahl, J. M.F. Dos Santos, G. Sartorelli, J. Schreiner, M. Schumann, L. Scotto Lavina, P. R. Scovell, M. Selvi, P. Shagin, H. Simgen, A. Teymourian, D. Thers, O. Vitells, H. Wang, M. Weber, C. Weinheimer, H. Schuhmacher, B. Wiegel

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Abstract

Results from the nuclear recoil calibration of the XENON100 dark matter detector installed underground at the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso, Italy are presented. Data from measurements with an external AmBe241 neutron source are compared with a detailed Monte Carlo simulation which is used to extract the energy-dependent charge-yield Qy and relative scintillation efficiency Leff. A very good level of absolute spectral matching is achieved in both observable signal channels - scintillation S1 and ionization S2 - along with agreement in the two-dimensional particle discrimination space. The results confirm the validity of the derived signal acceptance in earlier reported dark matter searches of the XENON100 experiment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number012006
JournalPhysical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
Volume88
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 30 2013

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Aprile, E., Alfonsi, M., Arisaka, K., Arneodo, F., Balan, C., Baudis, L., Bauermeister, B., Behrens, A., Beltrame, P., Bokeloh, K., Brown, A., Brown, E., Bruenner, S., Bruno, G., Budnik, R., Cardoso, J. M. R., Chen, W. T., Choi, B., Colijn, A. P., ... Wiegel, B. (2013). Response of the XENON100 dark matter detector to nuclear recoils. Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology, 88(1), [012006]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.88.012006