Resilience in the face of disaster

Accounting for varying disaster magnitudes, resource topologies, and (sub)population distributions in the PLAN C emergency planning tool

Giuseppe Narzisi, Joshua S. Mincer, Silas Smith, Bhubaneswar Mishra

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

PLAN C, an Agent-Based Model platform for urban disaster simulation and emergency planning, features a variety of reality-based agents interacting on a realistic city map and can simulate the complex dynamics of emergency responses in different urban catastrophe scenarios. Work reported here focuses on the incorporation of specific subpopulations of person agents, reflecting the existence of individuals with specific defining characteristics and needs, and their interactions with the available resources. Performance of these subpopulations are compared in both point-source attack and distributed disaster scenarios for disasters of different magnitudes. Specific "recovery points" can be derived both for total- and sub-populations, which estimate the duration of a response system's/city's vulnerability. The effect of varying topologies of available resources, i.e. different hospital maps, provides particular insight into the dynamics that can emerge in this complex system. PLAN C produces interesting emergent behavior which is often consistent with the literature on emergency medicine of previous events.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHolonic and Multi-Agent Systems for Manufacturing - 3rd International Conference on Industrial Applications of Holonic and Multi-Agent Systems, HoloMAS 2007, Proceedings
Pages433-446
Number of pages14
Volume4659 LNAI
StatePublished - 2007
Event3rd International Conference on Industrial Applications of Holonic and Multi-Agent Systems, HoloMAS 2007 - Regensburg, Germany
Duration: Sep 3 2007Sep 5 2007

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume4659 LNAI
ISSN (Print)03029743
ISSN (Electronic)16113349

Other

Other3rd International Conference on Industrial Applications of Holonic and Multi-Agent Systems, HoloMAS 2007
CountryGermany
CityRegensburg
Period9/3/079/5/07

Fingerprint

Population distribution
Resilience
Disasters
Disaster
Emergency
Emergencies
Planning
Topology
Demography
Resources
Emergent Behavior
Emergency Response
Scenarios
Catastrophe
Emergency Medicine
Agent-based Model
Point Source
Complex Dynamics
Vulnerability
Medicine

Keywords

  • Agent-based modeling
  • Complex systems
  • Disaster management
  • PLAN C

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Theoretical Computer Science

Cite this

Narzisi, G., Mincer, J. S., Smith, S., & Mishra, B. (2007). Resilience in the face of disaster: Accounting for varying disaster magnitudes, resource topologies, and (sub)population distributions in the PLAN C emergency planning tool. In Holonic and Multi-Agent Systems for Manufacturing - 3rd International Conference on Industrial Applications of Holonic and Multi-Agent Systems, HoloMAS 2007, Proceedings (Vol. 4659 LNAI, pp. 433-446). (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics); Vol. 4659 LNAI).

Resilience in the face of disaster : Accounting for varying disaster magnitudes, resource topologies, and (sub)population distributions in the PLAN C emergency planning tool. / Narzisi, Giuseppe; Mincer, Joshua S.; Smith, Silas; Mishra, Bhubaneswar.

Holonic and Multi-Agent Systems for Manufacturing - 3rd International Conference on Industrial Applications of Holonic and Multi-Agent Systems, HoloMAS 2007, Proceedings. Vol. 4659 LNAI 2007. p. 433-446 (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics); Vol. 4659 LNAI).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Narzisi, G, Mincer, JS, Smith, S & Mishra, B 2007, Resilience in the face of disaster: Accounting for varying disaster magnitudes, resource topologies, and (sub)population distributions in the PLAN C emergency planning tool. in Holonic and Multi-Agent Systems for Manufacturing - 3rd International Conference on Industrial Applications of Holonic and Multi-Agent Systems, HoloMAS 2007, Proceedings. vol. 4659 LNAI, Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), vol. 4659 LNAI, pp. 433-446, 3rd International Conference on Industrial Applications of Holonic and Multi-Agent Systems, HoloMAS 2007, Regensburg, Germany, 9/3/07.
Narzisi G, Mincer JS, Smith S, Mishra B. Resilience in the face of disaster: Accounting for varying disaster magnitudes, resource topologies, and (sub)population distributions in the PLAN C emergency planning tool. In Holonic and Multi-Agent Systems for Manufacturing - 3rd International Conference on Industrial Applications of Holonic and Multi-Agent Systems, HoloMAS 2007, Proceedings. Vol. 4659 LNAI. 2007. p. 433-446. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)).
Narzisi, Giuseppe ; Mincer, Joshua S. ; Smith, Silas ; Mishra, Bhubaneswar. / Resilience in the face of disaster : Accounting for varying disaster magnitudes, resource topologies, and (sub)population distributions in the PLAN C emergency planning tool. Holonic and Multi-Agent Systems for Manufacturing - 3rd International Conference on Industrial Applications of Holonic and Multi-Agent Systems, HoloMAS 2007, Proceedings. Vol. 4659 LNAI 2007. pp. 433-446 (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)).
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