Residual stresses in porcelain-veneered zirconia prostheses

Marta Baldassarri, Christian F J Stappert, Mark Wolff, Van P. Thompson, Yu Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: Compressive stress has been intentionally introduced into the overlay porcelain of zirconia-ceramic prostheses to prevent veneer fracture. However, recent theoretical analysis has predicted that the residual stresses in the porcelain may be also tensile in nature. This study aims to determine the type and magnitude of the residual stresses in the porcelain veneers of full-contour fixed-dental prostheses (FDPs) with an anatomic zirconia coping design and in control porcelain with the zirconia removed using a well-established Vickers indentation method. Methods: Six 3-unit zirconia FDPs were manufactured (NobelBiocare, Gothenburg, Sweden). Porcelain was hand-veneered using a slow cooling rate. Each FDP was sectioned parallel to the occlusal plane for Vickers indentations (n = 143; load = 9.8 N; dwell time = 5 s). Tests were performed in the veneer of porcelain-zirconia specimens (bilayers, n = 4) and porcelain specimens without zirconia cores (monolayers, n = 2). Results: The average crack lengths and standard deviation, in the transverse and radial directions (i.e. parallel and perpendicular to the veneer/core interface, respectively), were 67 ± 12 μm and 52 ± 8 μm for the bilayers and 64 ± 8 μm and 64 ± 7 μm for the monolayers. These results indicated a major hoop compressive stress (∼40-50 MPa) and a moderate radial tensile stress (∼10 MPa) in the bulk of the porcelain veneer. Significance: Vickers indentation is a powerful method to determine the residual stresses in veneered zirconia systems. Our findings revealed the presence of a radial tensile stress in the overlay porcelain, which may contribute to the large clinical chip fractures observed in these prostheses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)873-879
Number of pages7
JournalDental Materials
Volume28
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2012

Fingerprint

Dental Porcelain
Porcelain
Prosthetics
Zirconia
Prostheses and Implants
Residual stresses
Veneers
Dental Prosthesis
Dental prostheses
Indentation
Compressive stress
Tensile stress
Monolayers
Dental Occlusion
zirconium oxide
Ceramics
Sweden
Hand
Cooling
Cracks

Keywords

  • Fracture mechanics
  • Porcelain-veneered zirconia
  • Residual stress
  • Veneer chip fracture
  • Vickers indentation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Residual stresses in porcelain-veneered zirconia prostheses. / Baldassarri, Marta; Stappert, Christian F J; Wolff, Mark; Thompson, Van P.; Zhang, Yu.

In: Dental Materials, Vol. 28, No. 8, 08.2012, p. 873-879.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Baldassarri, Marta ; Stappert, Christian F J ; Wolff, Mark ; Thompson, Van P. ; Zhang, Yu. / Residual stresses in porcelain-veneered zirconia prostheses. In: Dental Materials. 2012 ; Vol. 28, No. 8. pp. 873-879.
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AU - Thompson, Van P.

AU - Zhang, Yu

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AB - Objectives: Compressive stress has been intentionally introduced into the overlay porcelain of zirconia-ceramic prostheses to prevent veneer fracture. However, recent theoretical analysis has predicted that the residual stresses in the porcelain may be also tensile in nature. This study aims to determine the type and magnitude of the residual stresses in the porcelain veneers of full-contour fixed-dental prostheses (FDPs) with an anatomic zirconia coping design and in control porcelain with the zirconia removed using a well-established Vickers indentation method. Methods: Six 3-unit zirconia FDPs were manufactured (NobelBiocare, Gothenburg, Sweden). Porcelain was hand-veneered using a slow cooling rate. Each FDP was sectioned parallel to the occlusal plane for Vickers indentations (n = 143; load = 9.8 N; dwell time = 5 s). Tests were performed in the veneer of porcelain-zirconia specimens (bilayers, n = 4) and porcelain specimens without zirconia cores (monolayers, n = 2). Results: The average crack lengths and standard deviation, in the transverse and radial directions (i.e. parallel and perpendicular to the veneer/core interface, respectively), were 67 ± 12 μm and 52 ± 8 μm for the bilayers and 64 ± 8 μm and 64 ± 7 μm for the monolayers. These results indicated a major hoop compressive stress (∼40-50 MPa) and a moderate radial tensile stress (∼10 MPa) in the bulk of the porcelain veneer. Significance: Vickers indentation is a powerful method to determine the residual stresses in veneered zirconia systems. Our findings revealed the presence of a radial tensile stress in the overlay porcelain, which may contribute to the large clinical chip fractures observed in these prostheses.

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