Residual mechanical properties of high-strength concretes after exposure to elevated temperatures

Masoud Ghandehari, Ali Behnood, Mostafa Khanzadi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This paper presents the results of a study on the effect of high temperatures on the mechanical properties of high-strength concretes. Mixtures were prepared with water to cementitious material ratios of 0.40, 0.35, and 0.30 containing silica fume at 0, 6, and 10% cement replacement. After heating to 100, 200, 300, and 600°C, the compressive strength, the splitting tensile strength, and the corresponding ultrasonic pulse velocity were measured. A substantial loss of strength was observed for all compositions at 600°C, particularly the silica fume concretes in spite of the superior mechanical properties provided by silica fume at room temperature. The average residual compressive and splitting tensile strengths of the concretes at 600°C were 30 and 25% of the room-temperature strengths, respectively. It was found that the rate of the splitting tensile strength loss is higher than the rate of the compressive strength loss at elevated temperatures and that the ultrasonic pulse velocity measurements slightly underestimates the residual strength of the high-strength concretes after exposure to temperature over 200°C.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number004001QMT
Pages (from-to)59-64
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Materials in Civil Engineering
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2010

Fingerprint

Silica fume
Concretes
Mechanical properties
Tensile strength
Compressive strength
Temperature
Ultrasonics
Velocity measurement
Cements
Heating
Water
Chemical analysis

Keywords

  • Concrete
  • Fire
  • High temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials

Cite this

Residual mechanical properties of high-strength concretes after exposure to elevated temperatures. / Ghandehari, Masoud; Behnood, Ali; Khanzadi, Mostafa.

In: Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, Vol. 22, No. 1, 004001QMT, 01.2010, p. 59-64.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ghandehari, Masoud ; Behnood, Ali ; Khanzadi, Mostafa. / Residual mechanical properties of high-strength concretes after exposure to elevated temperatures. In: Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering. 2010 ; Vol. 22, No. 1. pp. 59-64.
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