Research-grade data in the real world: challenges and opportunities in data quality from a pragmatic trial in community-based practices

Anna A. Divney, Priscilla M. Lopez, Terry T. Huang, Lorna Thorpe, Chau Trinh-Shevrin, Nadia S. Islam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Randomized controlled trials face cost, logistic, and generalizability limitations, including difficulty engaging racial/ethnic minorities. Real-world data (RWD) from pragmatic trials, including electronic health record (EHR) data, may produce intervention evaluation findings generalizable to diverse populations. This case study of Project IMPACT describes unique barriers and facilitators of optimizing RWD to improve health outcomes and advance health equity in small immigrant-serving community-based practices. Project IMPACT tested the effect of an EHR-based health information technology intervention on hypertension control among small urban practices serving South Asian patients. Challenges in acquiring accurate RWD included EHR field availability and registry capabilities, cross-sector communication, and financial, personnel, and space resources. Although using RWD from community-based practices can inform health equity initiatives, it requires multidisciplinary collaborations, clinic support, procedures for data input (including social determinants), and standardized field logic/rules across EHR platforms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)847-854
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Medical Informatics Association : JAMIA
Volume26
Issue number8-9
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2019

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Pragmatic Clinical Trials
Electronic Health Records
Research
Medical Informatics
Registries
Randomized Controlled Trials
Communication
Hypertension
Costs and Cost Analysis
Data Accuracy
Health
Population

Keywords

  • data quality
  • health equity
  • health information technology
  • immigrants
  • pragmatic trials
  • real world data

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics

Cite this

Research-grade data in the real world : challenges and opportunities in data quality from a pragmatic trial in community-based practices. / Divney, Anna A.; Lopez, Priscilla M.; Huang, Terry T.; Thorpe, Lorna; Trinh-Shevrin, Chau; Islam, Nadia S.

In: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association : JAMIA, Vol. 26, No. 8-9, 01.08.2019, p. 847-854.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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