Repressive coping and blood lipids in men and women

Raymond Niaura, P. N. Herbert, N. McMahon, L. Sommerville

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Studies have suggested that a repressive coping style, characterized by defensiveness against negative emotions, may be related to several adverse health outcomes. This study examined whether repressive coping is associated with blood lipids, and whether this association is influenced by age or sex. One hundred fourteen healthy adults completed the Marlowe-Crowne scale (MC) and the Bendig version of the Taylor Manifest Anxiety scale (TMAS) prior to having their blood drawn after an overnight fast. Hierarchical regression analyses showed a significant interaction of sex, MC, and TMAS on total cholesterol (F(1, 104) = 4.41, p < 0.05), after controlling for the influence of age, body mass index, and other main effects and interactions. Results showed that male repressors (high MC; low TMAS) had the highest cholesterol levels, while truly low anxious males (low MC; low TMAS) had the lowest levels. The opposite pattern was noted for women. There were no interactive effects of age and coping style on lipids. The results suggest that males who repress negative emotions may be at greater risk for atherosclerotic diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)698-706
Number of pages9
JournalPsychosomatic Medicine
Volume54
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1992

Fingerprint

Manifest Anxiety Scale
Lipids
Emotions
Hypercholesterolemia
Body Mass Index
Cholesterol
Regression Analysis
Health

Keywords

  • cholesterol
  • coping
  • gender
  • lipids
  • repression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Repressive coping and blood lipids in men and women. / Niaura, Raymond; Herbert, P. N.; McMahon, N.; Sommerville, L.

In: Psychosomatic Medicine, Vol. 54, No. 6, 1992, p. 698-706.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Niaura, Raymond ; Herbert, P. N. ; McMahon, N. ; Sommerville, L. / Repressive coping and blood lipids in men and women. In: Psychosomatic Medicine. 1992 ; Vol. 54, No. 6. pp. 698-706.
@article{433ffd9054ba47ea85dd8c3f69ce2441,
title = "Repressive coping and blood lipids in men and women",
abstract = "Studies have suggested that a repressive coping style, characterized by defensiveness against negative emotions, may be related to several adverse health outcomes. This study examined whether repressive coping is associated with blood lipids, and whether this association is influenced by age or sex. One hundred fourteen healthy adults completed the Marlowe-Crowne scale (MC) and the Bendig version of the Taylor Manifest Anxiety scale (TMAS) prior to having their blood drawn after an overnight fast. Hierarchical regression analyses showed a significant interaction of sex, MC, and TMAS on total cholesterol (F(1, 104) = 4.41, p < 0.05), after controlling for the influence of age, body mass index, and other main effects and interactions. Results showed that male repressors (high MC; low TMAS) had the highest cholesterol levels, while truly low anxious males (low MC; low TMAS) had the lowest levels. The opposite pattern was noted for women. There were no interactive effects of age and coping style on lipids. The results suggest that males who repress negative emotions may be at greater risk for atherosclerotic diseases.",
keywords = "cholesterol, coping, gender, lipids, repression",
author = "Raymond Niaura and Herbert, {P. N.} and N. McMahon and L. Sommerville",
year = "1992",
doi = "10.1097/00006842-199211000-00010",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "54",
pages = "698--706",
journal = "Psychosomatic Medicine",
issn = "0033-3174",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Repressive coping and blood lipids in men and women

AU - Niaura, Raymond

AU - Herbert, P. N.

AU - McMahon, N.

AU - Sommerville, L.

PY - 1992

Y1 - 1992

N2 - Studies have suggested that a repressive coping style, characterized by defensiveness against negative emotions, may be related to several adverse health outcomes. This study examined whether repressive coping is associated with blood lipids, and whether this association is influenced by age or sex. One hundred fourteen healthy adults completed the Marlowe-Crowne scale (MC) and the Bendig version of the Taylor Manifest Anxiety scale (TMAS) prior to having their blood drawn after an overnight fast. Hierarchical regression analyses showed a significant interaction of sex, MC, and TMAS on total cholesterol (F(1, 104) = 4.41, p < 0.05), after controlling for the influence of age, body mass index, and other main effects and interactions. Results showed that male repressors (high MC; low TMAS) had the highest cholesterol levels, while truly low anxious males (low MC; low TMAS) had the lowest levels. The opposite pattern was noted for women. There were no interactive effects of age and coping style on lipids. The results suggest that males who repress negative emotions may be at greater risk for atherosclerotic diseases.

AB - Studies have suggested that a repressive coping style, characterized by defensiveness against negative emotions, may be related to several adverse health outcomes. This study examined whether repressive coping is associated with blood lipids, and whether this association is influenced by age or sex. One hundred fourteen healthy adults completed the Marlowe-Crowne scale (MC) and the Bendig version of the Taylor Manifest Anxiety scale (TMAS) prior to having their blood drawn after an overnight fast. Hierarchical regression analyses showed a significant interaction of sex, MC, and TMAS on total cholesterol (F(1, 104) = 4.41, p < 0.05), after controlling for the influence of age, body mass index, and other main effects and interactions. Results showed that male repressors (high MC; low TMAS) had the highest cholesterol levels, while truly low anxious males (low MC; low TMAS) had the lowest levels. The opposite pattern was noted for women. There were no interactive effects of age and coping style on lipids. The results suggest that males who repress negative emotions may be at greater risk for atherosclerotic diseases.

KW - cholesterol

KW - coping

KW - gender

KW - lipids

KW - repression

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0026495501&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0026495501&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1097/00006842-199211000-00010

DO - 10.1097/00006842-199211000-00010

M3 - Article

VL - 54

SP - 698

EP - 706

JO - Psychosomatic Medicine

JF - Psychosomatic Medicine

SN - 0033-3174

IS - 6

ER -