Reorientational Dynamics of Poly(vinylidene fluoride)/Poly(methyl methacrylate) Blends by Broad-Band Dielectric Relaxation Spectroscopy

Jo Wing Sy, Jovan Mijovic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A comprehensive investigation of the reorientational dynamics of poly(vinylidene fluoride)/ polyCmethyl methacrylate) (PVDF/PMMA) blends was carried out. Dielectric relaxation spectroscopy (DRS) was performed over 11 decades of frequency and over a wide range of temperature on wholly amorphous, crystalline, and crystallizing blends of varying composition. The range of experimental conditions and compositional variables far exceeded those employed by previous investigators, enabling us to formulate a comprehensive view of the dynamics in these systems. A number of relaxation processes were detected, and their origins, temperature dependence, composition dependence, and spectral characteristics were established. Three a-type processes were observed: the aa process, associated with relaxations of all amorphous PVDF segments (not only within the crystalline-amorphous interphase); the αa process, which encompasses several relaxation processes and scales with blend composition; and the etc process, attributed to relaxations within the crystalline phase. With decreasing temperature the aa process in the blends undergoes a crossover to a localized βa process, in a manner different from the aβ splitting observed in many molecular and polymeric glass formers. An explanation of the underlying physics was offered within the framework of an interplay between the physical dimension of various nanoscopic regions in the blend and the characteristic length scale for cooperative relaxation. The αaβa crossover was shown to be a consequence of the confinement imposed on the amorphous PVDF segments by more rigid PMMA segments and the PVDF crystals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)932-946
Number of pages15
JournalMacromolecules
Volume33
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2000

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Dielectric relaxation
Polymethyl Methacrylate
Polymethyl methacrylates
Spectroscopy
Relaxation processes
Crystalline materials
Polymeric glass
Chemical analysis
Methacrylates
Temperature
Physics
Crystals
polyvinylidene fluoride

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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abstract = "A comprehensive investigation of the reorientational dynamics of poly(vinylidene fluoride)/ polyCmethyl methacrylate) (PVDF/PMMA) blends was carried out. Dielectric relaxation spectroscopy (DRS) was performed over 11 decades of frequency and over a wide range of temperature on wholly amorphous, crystalline, and crystallizing blends of varying composition. The range of experimental conditions and compositional variables far exceeded those employed by previous investigators, enabling us to formulate a comprehensive view of the dynamics in these systems. A number of relaxation processes were detected, and their origins, temperature dependence, composition dependence, and spectral characteristics were established. Three a-type processes were observed: the aa process, associated with relaxations of all amorphous PVDF segments (not only within the crystalline-amorphous interphase); the αa process, which encompasses several relaxation processes and scales with blend composition; and the etc process, attributed to relaxations within the crystalline phase. With decreasing temperature the aa process in the blends undergoes a crossover to a localized βa process, in a manner different from the aβ splitting observed in many molecular and polymeric glass formers. An explanation of the underlying physics was offered within the framework of an interplay between the physical dimension of various nanoscopic regions in the blend and the characteristic length scale for cooperative relaxation. The αaβa crossover was shown to be a consequence of the confinement imposed on the amorphous PVDF segments by more rigid PMMA segments and the PVDF crystals.",
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