Renewable Natural Resource Shocks and Conflict Intensity: Findings from India’s Ongoing Maoist Insurgency

Kishore Gawande, Devesh Kapur, Shanker Satyanath

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    An interesting stream of the civil conflict literature has identified an important subset of civil conflicts with disastrous consequences, that is, those that emerge as a consequence of shocks to renewable natural resources like land and water. This literature is, however, reliant on qualitative case studies when claiming a causal relationship leading from renewable resource shocks to conflict. In this article, we seek to advance the literature by drawing out the implications of a well-known formal model of the renewable resources–conflict relationship and then conducting rigorous statistical tests of its implications in the case of a serious ongoing civil conflict in India. We find that a one standard deviation decrease in our measure of renewable resources increases killings by nearly 60 percent over the long run.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)140-172
    Number of pages33
    JournalJournal of Conflict Resolution
    Volume61
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

    Fingerprint

    renewable resources
    natural resources
    statistical test
    India
    water
    Insurgency
    Natural resources
    Civil conflict
    literature
    Renewable resources

    Keywords

    • conflict
    • instrumental variables
    • Maoists
    • vegetation shocks

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Business, Management and Accounting(all)
    • Sociology and Political Science
    • Political Science and International Relations

    Cite this

    Renewable Natural Resource Shocks and Conflict Intensity : Findings from India’s Ongoing Maoist Insurgency. / Gawande, Kishore; Kapur, Devesh; Satyanath, Shanker.

    In: Journal of Conflict Resolution, Vol. 61, No. 1, 01.01.2017, p. 140-172.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Gawande, Kishore ; Kapur, Devesh ; Satyanath, Shanker. / Renewable Natural Resource Shocks and Conflict Intensity : Findings from India’s Ongoing Maoist Insurgency. In: Journal of Conflict Resolution. 2017 ; Vol. 61, No. 1. pp. 140-172.
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