Relationships Among Self-perception of Aging, Physical Functioning, and Self-efficacy in Late Life

Hava Tovel, Sara Carmel, Victoria Raveis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: The purpose of the current study was to examine the longitudinal relationship between 2 central concepts in the study of subjective well-being in old age-self-perception of aging (SPA) and physical functioning, and to assess the mediating role of self-efficacy beliefs in this relationship. Methods: Interviews were conducted in the home with 1,216 randomly selected persons aged 75+ years (T1) and repeated with 892 of them 2 years later (T2). We collected data on SPA, physical functioning, self-efficacy, self-rated health, and demographics. Using SEM techniques, we examined cross-lagged autoregressive relationships between SPA and physical functioning and between SPA and self-efficacy, and the mediating effect of self-efficacy. Results: Findings indicated that it was SPA that affected physical functioning and self-efficacy and not vice versa, while controlling for age, gender, education, economic status and self-rated health. Evaluation of a mediation model showed that self-efficacy fully mediated the longitudinal relationship between SPA-T1 and physical functioning -T2. Discussion: Our results indicated a psychological pathway by which SPA affected physical functioning through self-efficacy. SPA also affected self-efficacy, which in turn probably motivated people to use effective coping patterns for maintaining their physical functioning.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)212-221
Number of pages10
JournalThe journals of gerontology. Series B, Psychological sciences and social sciences
Volume74
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 10 2019

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Self Efficacy
Self Concept
self-image
self-efficacy
Health
old age
health
mediation
coping
well-being
Economics
Demography
Interviews
Psychology
Education
human being
gender
interview
evaluation
economics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Social Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

Cite this

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