Relationship between area mortgage foreclosures, homeownership, and cardiovascular disease risk factors

The Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos 11 Medical and Health Sciences 1117 Public Health and Health Services 11 Medical and Health Sciences 1102 Cardiorespiratory Medicine and Haematology

Earle C. Chambers, David B. Hanna, Simin Hua, Dustin Duncan, Marlene Camacho-Rivera, Shannon N. Zenk, Jessica L. McCurley, Krista Perreira, Marc D. Gellman, Linda C. Gallo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: The risk of mortgage foreclosure disproportionately burdens Hispanic/Latino populations perpetuating racial disparities in health. In this study, we examined the relationship between area-level mortgage foreclosure risk, homeownership, and the prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors among participants of the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL). Methods: HCHS/SOL participants were age 18-74 years when recruited from four U.S. metropolitan areas. Mortgage foreclosure risk was obtained from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. Homeownership, sociodemographic factors, and cardiovascular disease risk factors were measured at baseline interview between 2008 and 2011. There were 13,856 individuals contributing to the analysis (median age 39 years old, 53% female). Results: Renters in high foreclosure risk areas had a higher prevalence of hypertension and hypercholesterolemia but no association with smoking status compared to renters in low foreclosure risk areas. Renters were more likely to smoke cigarettes than homeowners. Conclusion: Among US Hispanic/Latinos in urban cities, area foreclosure and homeownership have implications for risk of cardiovascular disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number77
JournalBMC public health
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 17 2019

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Hematology
Hispanic Americans
Health Services
Cardiovascular Diseases
Public Health
Medicine
Health
Urban Renewal
Hypercholesterolemia
Smoke
Tobacco Products
Smoking
Interviews
Hypertension
Population

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Foreclosure
  • Homeownership
  • Housing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Relationship between area mortgage foreclosures, homeownership, and cardiovascular disease risk factors : The Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos 11 Medical and Health Sciences 1117 Public Health and Health Services 11 Medical and Health Sciences 1102 Cardiorespiratory Medicine and Haematology. / Chambers, Earle C.; Hanna, David B.; Hua, Simin; Duncan, Dustin; Camacho-Rivera, Marlene; Zenk, Shannon N.; McCurley, Jessica L.; Perreira, Krista; Gellman, Marc D.; Gallo, Linda C.

In: BMC public health, Vol. 19, No. 1, 77, 17.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Background: The risk of mortgage foreclosure disproportionately burdens Hispanic/Latino populations perpetuating racial disparities in health. In this study, we examined the relationship between area-level mortgage foreclosure risk, homeownership, and the prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors among participants of the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL). Methods: HCHS/SOL participants were age 18-74 years when recruited from four U.S. metropolitan areas. Mortgage foreclosure risk was obtained from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. Homeownership, sociodemographic factors, and cardiovascular disease risk factors were measured at baseline interview between 2008 and 2011. There were 13,856 individuals contributing to the analysis (median age 39 years old, 53{\%} female). Results: Renters in high foreclosure risk areas had a higher prevalence of hypertension and hypercholesterolemia but no association with smoking status compared to renters in low foreclosure risk areas. Renters were more likely to smoke cigarettes than homeowners. Conclusion: Among US Hispanic/Latinos in urban cities, area foreclosure and homeownership have implications for risk of cardiovascular disease.",
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