Reevaluating Structures for Mixed Crystals of Simple Isomorphous Salts, BaxPb1-x(NO3)2

Prakash Gopalan, Bart Kahr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Structures for mixed crystals of simple isomorphous salts, Ba(NO3)2 and Pb(NO3)2, were reinvestigated by X-ray diffraction. Contrary to previous reports, BaxPb1-x(NO3)2 is not cubic. Uniaxial crystallites are aligned along axes normal to each {111} face. The crystals suffer from a hierarchy of twinnings. Within each of these growth sectors, an obverse/reverse twinning of the parent cell is directed by the growing faces making one body diagonal unique. The selective expression of degenerate twinnings leads to symmetry reduction. Preferential exclusion of Pb2+ from special positions also contributes to the symmetry reduction. The best structure conformed to space group R3. We address forgotten anomalies, first observed almost 150 years ago, which could have been a sufficient basis for earlier structural reinvestigations. The structures speak to the general nonapplicability of the Law of Isomorphism to solid solutions, and the limitations of Vegard's Rule as a predictor of mixed crystal structure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)563-567
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Solid State Chemistry
Volume107
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1993

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Twinning
mixed crystals
twinning
Salts
salts
Crystals
isomorphism
Crystal symmetry
symmetry
exclusion
Crystallites
crystallites
hierarchies
Solid solutions
solid solutions
sectors
Crystal structure
anomalies
X ray diffraction
crystal structure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Chemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

Cite this

Reevaluating Structures for Mixed Crystals of Simple Isomorphous Salts, BaxPb1-x(NO3)2 . / Gopalan, Prakash; Kahr, Bart.

In: Journal of Solid State Chemistry, Vol. 107, No. 2, 12.1993, p. 563-567.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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