Red Brain, Blue Brain

Evaluative Processes Differ in Democrats and Republicans

Darren Schreiber, Greg Fonzo, Alan N. Simmons, Christopher Dawes, Taru Flagan, James H. Fowler, Martin P. Paulus

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Liberals and conservatives exhibit different cognitive styles and converging lines of evidence suggest that biology influences differences in their political attitudes and beliefs. In particular, a recent study of young adults suggests that liberals and conservatives have significantly different brain structure, with liberals showing increased gray matter volume in the anterior cingulate cortex, and conservatives showing increased gray matter volume in the in the amygdala. Here, we explore differences in brain function in liberals and conservatives by matching publicly-available voter records to 82 subjects who performed a risk-taking task during functional imaging. Although the risk-taking behavior of Democrats (liberals) and Republicans (conservatives) did not differ, their brain activity did. Democrats showed significantly greater activity in the left insula, while Republicans showed significantly greater activity in the right amygdala. In fact, a two parameter model of partisanship based on amygdala and insula activations yields a better fitting model of partisanship than a well-established model based on parental socialization of party identification long thought to be one of the core findings of political science. These results suggest that liberals and conservatives engage different cognitive processes when they think about risk, and they support recent evidence that conservatives show greater sensitivity to threatening stimuli.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Article numbere52970
    JournalPLoS One
    Volume8
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Feb 13 2013

    Fingerprint

    amygdala
    Amygdala
    Brain
    Risk-Taking
    brain
    risk behavior
    Socialization
    Gyrus Cinguli
    Statistical Models
    young adults
    cognition
    Young Adult
    Identification (control systems)
    cortex
    Chemical activation
    image analysis
    Imaging techniques
    Biological Sciences
    Gray Matter

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
    • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
    • Medicine(all)

    Cite this

    Schreiber, D., Fonzo, G., Simmons, A. N., Dawes, C., Flagan, T., Fowler, J. H., & Paulus, M. P. (2013). Red Brain, Blue Brain: Evaluative Processes Differ in Democrats and Republicans. PLoS One, 8(2), [e52970]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0052970

    Red Brain, Blue Brain : Evaluative Processes Differ in Democrats and Republicans. / Schreiber, Darren; Fonzo, Greg; Simmons, Alan N.; Dawes, Christopher; Flagan, Taru; Fowler, James H.; Paulus, Martin P.

    In: PLoS One, Vol. 8, No. 2, e52970, 13.02.2013.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Schreiber, D, Fonzo, G, Simmons, AN, Dawes, C, Flagan, T, Fowler, JH & Paulus, MP 2013, 'Red Brain, Blue Brain: Evaluative Processes Differ in Democrats and Republicans', PLoS One, vol. 8, no. 2, e52970. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0052970
    Schreiber D, Fonzo G, Simmons AN, Dawes C, Flagan T, Fowler JH et al. Red Brain, Blue Brain: Evaluative Processes Differ in Democrats and Republicans. PLoS One. 2013 Feb 13;8(2). e52970. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0052970
    Schreiber, Darren ; Fonzo, Greg ; Simmons, Alan N. ; Dawes, Christopher ; Flagan, Taru ; Fowler, James H. ; Paulus, Martin P. / Red Brain, Blue Brain : Evaluative Processes Differ in Democrats and Republicans. In: PLoS One. 2013 ; Vol. 8, No. 2.
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