Recent findings concerning childhood food insecurity

Meredith Kursmark, Michael Weitzman

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

    Abstract

    PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Food insecurity is a relatively new measure of household and child malnutrition. This paper reviews recent studies that have examined aspects of its etiology and adverse child health and development. RECENT FINDINGS: Smoking by adults in children's homes has recently been found to be highly associated with childhood food insecurity. Much recent research has also examined the relationship between food insecurity and childhood obesity, and thus far, whereas suggestive, results are conflicting. Some studies have found that parenting practices and parental depression are factors that link household food insecurity with childhood obesity. Other health outcomes recently shown to be associated with food insecurity include undernutrition, decreased mental proficiency, increased developmental risk, adverse pregnancy outcomes, and poor health status. Most of the studies of food insecurity to date have come from the USA. There is, however, absolutely no reason to believe that this measure, and the negative child health outcomes associated with it, does not apply to other developed nations. Similarly, it is likely that children and families living in developing countries suffer a greater prevalence and severity of food insecurity and its negative consequences. SUMMARY: Childhood food insecurity has numerous significant negative effects on childhood health and development, may be associated with obesity, and occurs much more often in impoverished homes with adult smokers.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)310-316
    Number of pages7
    JournalCurrent Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
    Volume12
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    StatePublished - May 1 2009

    Fingerprint

    Food Supply
    Pediatric Obesity
    Child Nutrition Disorders
    Parenting
    Health
    Pregnancy Outcome
    Child Development
    Developed Countries
    Malnutrition
    Developing Countries
    Health Status
    Obesity
    Smoking
    Depression
    Research

    Keywords

    • Children
    • Food insecurity
    • Nutrition
    • Obesity

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Medicine (miscellaneous)
    • Nutrition and Dietetics

    Cite this

    Recent findings concerning childhood food insecurity. / Kursmark, Meredith; Weitzman, Michael.

    In: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care, Vol. 12, No. 3, 01.05.2009, p. 310-316.

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

    Kursmark, Meredith ; Weitzman, Michael. / Recent findings concerning childhood food insecurity. In: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care. 2009 ; Vol. 12, No. 3. pp. 310-316.
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