Rationale, design, and baseline data for Commit to Quit II: An evaluation of the efficacy of moderate-intensity physical activity as an aid to smoking cessation in women

Bess H. Marcus, Beth A. Lewis, Teresa K. King, Anna E. Albrecht, Joseph Hogan, Beth Bock, Alfred F. Parisi, David Abrams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background. Commit to Quit II is a 4-year randomized controlled trial comparing the efficacy of a cognitive-behavioral smoking cessation treatment plus moderate-intensity physical activity with the same cessation treatment plus contact control. Methods. Sedentary women smokers (n = 217) were randomized to receive 8 weeks of treatment followed by 12 months of follow-up. This article outlines the study design, presents baseline data about the sample, and compares the sample to national samples and to our previous study examining vigorous-intensity exercise as an aid to smoking cessation. Results. Married and white participants reported significantly higher levels of nicotine dependence than nonmarried and minority participants. Higher levels of nicotine dependence were also significantly related to lower smoking cessation self-efficacy and higher levels of self-reported depression, anxiety, and perceived stress. Additionally, participants smoked significantly more cigarettes (mean 20.6) than a national sample of female smokers (mean 16.1). On average, participants were significantly older, weighed significantly more, and scored significantly higher on a measure of anxiety than participants in our previous trial. Conclusions. Our sample consisted of women who were heavier smokers than national samples seeking treatment. It remains to be determined how this will impact their ability to attain cessation in the present study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)479-492
Number of pages14
JournalPreventive Medicine
Volume36
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2003

Fingerprint

Smoking Cessation
Tobacco Use Disorder
Withholding Treatment
Exercise
Anxiety
Aptitude
Self Efficacy
Tobacco Products
Randomized Controlled Trials
Depression
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Exercise
  • Smoking cessation
  • Weight gain
  • Women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Rationale, design, and baseline data for Commit to Quit II : An evaluation of the efficacy of moderate-intensity physical activity as an aid to smoking cessation in women. / Marcus, Bess H.; Lewis, Beth A.; King, Teresa K.; Albrecht, Anna E.; Hogan, Joseph; Bock, Beth; Parisi, Alfred F.; Abrams, David.

In: Preventive Medicine, Vol. 36, No. 4, 01.04.2003, p. 479-492.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Marcus, Bess H. ; Lewis, Beth A. ; King, Teresa K. ; Albrecht, Anna E. ; Hogan, Joseph ; Bock, Beth ; Parisi, Alfred F. ; Abrams, David. / Rationale, design, and baseline data for Commit to Quit II : An evaluation of the efficacy of moderate-intensity physical activity as an aid to smoking cessation in women. In: Preventive Medicine. 2003 ; Vol. 36, No. 4. pp. 479-492.
@article{e9be3b14c467431e951616b9e2650036,
title = "Rationale, design, and baseline data for Commit to Quit II: An evaluation of the efficacy of moderate-intensity physical activity as an aid to smoking cessation in women",
abstract = "Background. Commit to Quit II is a 4-year randomized controlled trial comparing the efficacy of a cognitive-behavioral smoking cessation treatment plus moderate-intensity physical activity with the same cessation treatment plus contact control. Methods. Sedentary women smokers (n = 217) were randomized to receive 8 weeks of treatment followed by 12 months of follow-up. This article outlines the study design, presents baseline data about the sample, and compares the sample to national samples and to our previous study examining vigorous-intensity exercise as an aid to smoking cessation. Results. Married and white participants reported significantly higher levels of nicotine dependence than nonmarried and minority participants. Higher levels of nicotine dependence were also significantly related to lower smoking cessation self-efficacy and higher levels of self-reported depression, anxiety, and perceived stress. Additionally, participants smoked significantly more cigarettes (mean 20.6) than a national sample of female smokers (mean 16.1). On average, participants were significantly older, weighed significantly more, and scored significantly higher on a measure of anxiety than participants in our previous trial. Conclusions. Our sample consisted of women who were heavier smokers than national samples seeking treatment. It remains to be determined how this will impact their ability to attain cessation in the present study.",
keywords = "Exercise, Smoking cessation, Weight gain, Women",
author = "Marcus, {Bess H.} and Lewis, {Beth A.} and King, {Teresa K.} and Albrecht, {Anna E.} and Joseph Hogan and Beth Bock and Parisi, {Alfred F.} and David Abrams",
year = "2003",
month = "4",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/S0091-7435(02)00051-8",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "36",
pages = "479--492",
journal = "Preventive Medicine",
issn = "0091-7435",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Rationale, design, and baseline data for Commit to Quit II

T2 - An evaluation of the efficacy of moderate-intensity physical activity as an aid to smoking cessation in women

AU - Marcus, Bess H.

AU - Lewis, Beth A.

AU - King, Teresa K.

AU - Albrecht, Anna E.

AU - Hogan, Joseph

AU - Bock, Beth

AU - Parisi, Alfred F.

AU - Abrams, David

PY - 2003/4/1

Y1 - 2003/4/1

N2 - Background. Commit to Quit II is a 4-year randomized controlled trial comparing the efficacy of a cognitive-behavioral smoking cessation treatment plus moderate-intensity physical activity with the same cessation treatment plus contact control. Methods. Sedentary women smokers (n = 217) were randomized to receive 8 weeks of treatment followed by 12 months of follow-up. This article outlines the study design, presents baseline data about the sample, and compares the sample to national samples and to our previous study examining vigorous-intensity exercise as an aid to smoking cessation. Results. Married and white participants reported significantly higher levels of nicotine dependence than nonmarried and minority participants. Higher levels of nicotine dependence were also significantly related to lower smoking cessation self-efficacy and higher levels of self-reported depression, anxiety, and perceived stress. Additionally, participants smoked significantly more cigarettes (mean 20.6) than a national sample of female smokers (mean 16.1). On average, participants were significantly older, weighed significantly more, and scored significantly higher on a measure of anxiety than participants in our previous trial. Conclusions. Our sample consisted of women who were heavier smokers than national samples seeking treatment. It remains to be determined how this will impact their ability to attain cessation in the present study.

AB - Background. Commit to Quit II is a 4-year randomized controlled trial comparing the efficacy of a cognitive-behavioral smoking cessation treatment plus moderate-intensity physical activity with the same cessation treatment plus contact control. Methods. Sedentary women smokers (n = 217) were randomized to receive 8 weeks of treatment followed by 12 months of follow-up. This article outlines the study design, presents baseline data about the sample, and compares the sample to national samples and to our previous study examining vigorous-intensity exercise as an aid to smoking cessation. Results. Married and white participants reported significantly higher levels of nicotine dependence than nonmarried and minority participants. Higher levels of nicotine dependence were also significantly related to lower smoking cessation self-efficacy and higher levels of self-reported depression, anxiety, and perceived stress. Additionally, participants smoked significantly more cigarettes (mean 20.6) than a national sample of female smokers (mean 16.1). On average, participants were significantly older, weighed significantly more, and scored significantly higher on a measure of anxiety than participants in our previous trial. Conclusions. Our sample consisted of women who were heavier smokers than national samples seeking treatment. It remains to be determined how this will impact their ability to attain cessation in the present study.

KW - Exercise

KW - Smoking cessation

KW - Weight gain

KW - Women

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0037376910&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0037376910&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S0091-7435(02)00051-8

DO - 10.1016/S0091-7435(02)00051-8

M3 - Article

C2 - 12649057

AN - SCOPUS:0037376910

VL - 36

SP - 479

EP - 492

JO - Preventive Medicine

JF - Preventive Medicine

SN - 0091-7435

IS - 4

ER -