Rapid nucleophilic substitutions on cyclopentadienyl iodide and bromide

Ronald Breslow, James Canary

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Cyclopentadienyl iodide reacts with tetrabutylammonium bromide to afford cyclopentadienyl bromide ca. 10 times as rapidly as cyclopentyl iodide reacts under the same conditions. Cyclopentadienyl bromide reacts with tetrabutylammonium iodide ca. 103 times as rapidly as does cyclopentyl bromide. To check for allylic substitution, 5-iodocyclopentadiene was metallated with potassium hexamethyldisilazide, and the resulting anion was quenched with D2O/CF3CO2D to afford 5-iodo-5-deuteriocyclopentadiene. This could be trapped when kept very cold, but on warming to room temperature it underwent iodine migration that rapidly scrambled the deuterium position. The high reactivity of the cyclopentadienyl halides in substitution under these conditions is in sharp contrast to their low reactivity under solvolytic SN1 conditions. The possible mechanisms and reasons involved are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3950-3951
Number of pages2
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume113
Issue number10
StatePublished - May 8 1991

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Iodides
Bromides
Substitution reactions
Deuterium
Iodine
Potassium
Negative ions
Anions
Temperature
tetrabutylammonium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

Rapid nucleophilic substitutions on cyclopentadienyl iodide and bromide. / Breslow, Ronald; Canary, James.

In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 113, No. 10, 08.05.1991, p. 3950-3951.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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